Amogha, Amoghā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Amogha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Amoghā (अमोघा) is a synonym for Pāṭalā (Stereospermum colais, “Trumpet Flower”), from the Bignoniaceae family. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Amoghā (अमोघा).—Also अमोघावृत्ति (amoghāvṛtti), a gloss on the grammar of Sākaṭāyana. See अमोघ-वर्ष (amogha-varṣa) above.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Amogha (अमोघ).—A Yakṣa who accompanied Śiva when the latter once went on a journey to Bhadravaṭa. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 231, Verse 35).

2) Amogha (अमोघ).—This name has been used as a synonym of Skanda. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 232, Verse 5).

3) Amogha (अमोघ).—A synonym of Śiva. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 17, Verse 114).

4) Amogha (अमोघ).—A synonym of Viṣṇu. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Verse 25).

5) Amogha (अमोघ).—An Agni which originated from Bṛhaspati’s family. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 222, Verse 24).

6) Amoghā (अमोघा).—Śantanu Maharṣi’s wife. Once Brahmā visited Śantanu Maharṣi’s Āśrama. As the Maharṣi was not at home, it was Amoghā who received the guest with due reverence. Fascinated by the irresistible charm of Amoghā, Brahmā had an involuntary emission of seminal fluid. He felt ashamed of his own weakness and left the Āśrama immediately. The Maharṣi who returned to the Āśrama soon after, came to know from his wife whose semen it was. He asked Amoghā to accept Brahma Deva’s precious semen and not to let it be wasted. Being a devoted wife, she accepted it, but unable to bear the divine pregnancy, she deposited it in the water lying in the valley of the Yugandhara mountain. From that time, it became a place of holy bath, known as Lohita. It was by bathing in this holy water that Paraśurāma washed away his sin of annihilating the Kṣatriyas. (Padma Purāṇa, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, 55).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Amogha (अमोघ) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] thinking thus, Rudra, desirous of carrying out the wish of Śiva (the supreme Brahman) sounded his drum that gave out the divine Nāda. Its resonant, reverberating sound pervaded the three worlds (trailokya) heightening enthusiasm and called upon everyone in diverse ways. On hearing that, [...] the leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Sannāha and Kumuda with a hundred crores, Amogha, Kokila and Sumantraka each with a crore. [...]”.

These [viz., Amogha] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Amogha (अमोघ) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Amoghī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Amogha] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Amogha (अमोघ) is the name of a big square lotus-lake situated in the vicinity of the four Añjana mountains, according to Jain cosmology. Within these sixten lakes are crystal Dadhimukha mountains and between each two lakes are two Ratikara mountains, each mountain having their own Śāśvatajinālaya (“eternal temple”).

The Añjana-mountains (and lakes such as Amogha) are situated in the southern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, which is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Amogha (अमोघ) refers to one of the various attendants of Kubera (king of the Yakṣas).—Kubera was the treasurer of Śiva and lord of the Alakā is several times referred to in early Hindu literature. His attendants were many and several of them are mentioned in a canonical text of the Jainas thus, [viz., Amogha].

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Amogha (अमोघ) is one of the nine graiveyakas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

The nava-graiveyakas (eg., Amogha) are the three layered residences above the sixteenth heaven (kalpa) where Ahamindra deities reside. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

amogha : (adj.) not empty; not futile.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amōgha (अमोघ).—a (S) Availing, efficacious, of unfailing potency or virtue--medicines, charms, skill, weapons. 2 Productive, fruitful. 3 (Ignorantly.) Unavailing or unproductive.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

amōgha (अमोघ).—a Efficacious, of unfailing po- tency or virtue. Productive, fruitful.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amogha (अमोघ).—a.

1) Unfailing, reaching the mark; धनुष्यमोघं समधत्त बाणम् (dhanuṣyamoghaṃ samadhatta bāṇam) Ku.3.66; R.3.53;12.97; कामिलभ्येष्वमोघैः (kāmilabhyeṣvamoghaiḥ) Me.75.

2) Unerring, infallible (words, boon &c.); अमोघाः प्रतिगृह्णन्तावर्ध्यानुपदमाशिषः (amoghāḥ pratigṛhṇantāvardhyānupadamāśiṣaḥ) R.1.44; युतममोघतया (yutamamoghatayā) Ki. 6.4.

3) Not vain or useless, efficacious, fruitful, productive; यदमोघमपामन्तरुप्तं बीजमज त्वया (yadamoghamapāmantaruptaṃ bījamaja tvayā) Ku.2.5; so °बलम्, °शक्ति, °वीर्य, °क्रोध (balam, °śakti, °vīrya, °krodha) &c.

-ghaḥ 1 Not failing or erring, unerringness.

2) Name of Viṣṇu (or of Śiva according to some).

3) Name of a river.

-ghā 1 Name of the plant पाटली (pāṭalī) (Mar. pāḍaḷī) (the trumpet flower).

2) Name of another plant विडङ्ग (viḍaṅga) (Mar. vāvaḍiṃga) the seed of which is used as a vermifuge, and hence also called कृमिघ्न (kṛmighna).

3) = पथ्या (pathyā).

4) Name of a spear or शक्ति (śakti).

5) Name of Śiva's wife.

6) Mystical name of the conjunct consonant क्ष (kṣa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amogha (अमोघ).—mfn.

(-ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Productive, fruitful, not vain or barren. m.

(-ghaḥ) The name of a river. f.

(-ghā) 1. Trumpet flower, (Bignonia suaveolens.) 2. A plant of which the seed is used as a vermifuge, (Erycibe paniculata, Rox.) See viḍaṅga. 3. Yellow myrobalan. See harītakī. E. a not, mogha vain, barren.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Amoghā (अमोघा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on Śākaṭāyana’s Śabdānuśāsana. Rice. 306. Quoted in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amogha (अमोघ):—[=a-mogha] mf(ā)n. unerring, unfailing, not vain, efficacious, succeeding, hitting the mark, productive, fruitful

2) [v.s. ...] m. the not erring, the not failing, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a shark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva

5) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata xiii]

6) [v.s. ...] of Skanda, [Mahābhārata iii, 14632]

7) [v.s. ...] of a minister of an Asura king at war with Kārttikeya, [Skanda-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Amoghā (अमोघा):—[=a-moghā] [from a-mogha] f. trumpet flower, Bignonia Suaveolens Roxb.

10) [v.s. ...] a plant of which the seed is used as a vermifuge, Erycibe Paniculata Roxb.

11) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Citrina Roxb.

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a spear, [Mahābhārata iii, 16990 and; Rāmāyaṇa i, 29, 12]

13) [v.s. ...] (with or without rātri) ‘the unfalling one’ a poetical Name of the night, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name of the letter kṣ (being the last one of the alphabet)

15) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Śātanu

17) [v.s. ...] of one of the mothers in Kanda’s suite, [Mahābhārata ix, 2639.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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