Avarana, Āvaraṇa, Avāraṇa: 32 definitions

Introduction:

Avarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avran.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to “covering” or “obstruction”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery

In āvaraṇa (obstruction episodes), the doṣa that obstructs is aggravated and the one that is obstructed is said to be innocent (pure normal).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Āvaraṇa (आवरण):—[āvaraṇaṃ] Enveloping raw material with same or other material

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “pretences of concealing feelings”, exhibited by Sandhyā after being hit by Kāma’s arrows, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3. Accordingly, as Brahmā said:—“[...] When on seeing her [viz., Sandhyā], my vital elements became displaced, forty-nine animal instincts Bhāvas came, out of my body. She too began to manifest the instinctive gestures of side-glances, pretences of concealing feelings (āvaraṇa) etc. as a result of being hit by Kāma’s arrows when she was being stared at by them. Profusely exhibiting these emotions, the naturally beautiful Sandhyā shone brilliantly like the celestial river producing gentle ripples”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—A King of Viśvakarmā’s dynasty. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were born in the following order: Brahmā-Dharma-Prabhāsa-Viśvakarmā-Priyavrata-Āgnīdhra-Nābhi-Ṛṣabha-Bharata-Āvaraṇa.

Bharata married the world-beauty, Pañcajanī. Five children, Sumati, Rāṣṭrabhṛt, Sudarśana, Āvaraṇa, and Dhūmraketu were born to her. (Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha). (See full article at Story of Āvaraṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—A son of Bharata and Pāñcajanī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 7. 3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to:—Coverings or layers of the universe. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to an “eclipse” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “What eclipses [i.e., āvaraṇa] the moon is bigger than the moon; what eclipses the sun is smaller than the sun. Hence in semi-lunar and semi-solar eclipses, the luminous horns are respectively blunt and sharp. [...] It is wrong to say that there can be no eclipse unless five planets are in conjunction and it is equally wrong to suppose that on the previous Aṣṭamī (eighth lunar) day, the coming eclipse and its properties can be ascertained by examining the appearance of a drop of oil on the surface of water”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “being covered” (as opposed to Anāvaraṇa—‘being uncovered’), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī 1.181.—Accordingly, “As for the additional arguments refuting [the existence of the external object], they are: the impossibility of the existence of a whole (avayavin) [in its parts]; the fact that the inherence (samavāya) [of the whole in its parts] is not established; the fact that the [external object must] possess some contradictory properties, such as movement and the absence of movement, being covered and being uncovered (āvaraṇa-anāvaraṇa), being colored and being colourless, being differentiated into parts according to [the six] directions, etc.”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āvaraṇa (आवरण, “obstacle”) refers to a set of three obstacles, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. There are three kinds of obstacles (āvaraṇa):

  1. the obstacle consisting of the afflictions (kleśa-āvaraṇa),
  2. the obstacle consisting of action (karma-āvaraṇa),
  3. the obstacle consisting of retribution (vipāka-āvaraṇa).

Of these three obstacles, action is the greatest. Once accumulated (upacitta), actions last for hundreds of koṭi of kalpas without being lost, changed or deteriorating; they produce their fruit of retribution (vipākaphala) without loss of time; when these long-lasting actions meet the favorable complex of conditions and time, they produce their fruit of retribution.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “(beings covered with) obstruction”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] The Lord, having become the king of doctors (vaidyarāja), establishes the way into the state without disease or death for [living beings] who are involved with this world covered with desire, defilement, and obstruction (āvaraṇa) from beginningless until endless time. The Lord, having had power and vitality, is skilled in the knowledge if what is proper and what is improper, and has obtained the three knowledges. [...]”.

2) Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “shielding”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “Then the Four Great Kings, having become scared and fearful, approached the Lord, prostrated themselves at the Lord’s feet, and said this to the Lord: ‘O Lord, we, the Four Great Kings will protect (rakṣa), shield (āvaraṇa), guard (gupti) this exposition of the dharma so that it may last long and be beneficial. Wherever this exposition of the dharma is practiced, if there are Devas, Nāgas, Yakśas, Gandharvas, Asuras, Garuḍas or Kiṃnaras who want the destruction of the dharma, we will subjugate them. [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “shelter”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “[...] All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. [...] Until the stake is drawn out there will be comfort and plenty, and all crops, flowers and fruits develop. They will be juicy and tender (mṛdu). All Nāgas will constantly provide protection, shelter (āvaraṇa) and safeguard. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “two obstructions” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 115).

  1. kleśāvaraṇa (the obstruction of defilements),
  2. jñeyāvaraṇa (the obstruction of what remains to be known).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., āvaraṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “mental blindness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman. Alone, being cut by swords, he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness (sarva-āvaraṇa-vigama). [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āvaraṇa.—(EI 17), a shield. (SITI), shelter, covering; same as prākāra or wall around the temple. Note: āvaraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avarana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āvaraṇa : (nt.) shutting off; hindrance; a bar; a screen.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa, (adj. -n.) (fr. ā + vṛ, cp. āvarati; BSk. āvaraṇa in pañc’āvaraṇāni Divy 378) shutting off, barring out, withstanding; nt. hindrance, obstruction, bar Vin. I, 84 (°ṃ karoti to prohibit, hinder); II, 262 (id.); D. I, 246 (syn. of pañca nīvaraṇāni); S. V, 93 sq. ; A. III, 63; J. I, 78 (an°); V, 412 (nadiṃ °ena bandhāpeti to obstruct or dam off the river); Sn. 66 (pahāya pañc’āvaraṇāni cetaso, cp. Nd2 379), 1005 (an°-dassāviṇ); Ps. I, 131 sq. ; II, 158 (an°); Pug. 13; Dhs. 1059, 1136; Vbh. 341, 342; Miln. 21 (dur° hard to withstand or oppose).—dant° “screen of the teeth”, lip J. IV, 188; VI, 590. (Page 111)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āvaraṇa (आवरण).—n (S) Enclosing, encircling; enwrapping, enfolding; overspreading, covering: also that which encloses, encircles &c., viz. a railing, paling, hedge, fence, wrapper, cover, case, mantle, cloak: also the state induced, viz. encircledness, enwrappedness, guardedness. 2 Control, cohibition, restraint: also governance, management, rule. 3 The guttling and gorging of women on the night of bhādrapadaśudhdadvitīyā. 4 In Hindu philosophy. One of the two (viz. āvaraṇa & vikṣēpa) sources of error or erroneous apprehension:--the overspreading or covering (by an object contemplated) of its real nature or character; whilst vikṣēpa is the casting forth or throwing out (by the object) of an unreal or untrue appearance. There is, however, another acceptation of ā0 & vikṣēpa. Both these sources of error are represented as consisting, not in the object, but in the contemplating mind; which, first overspreads and covers the real, and then casts around qualities and features and a semblance unreal. Thus, ā0 is Cloking and concealing, and vikṣēpa is Investing or clothing. ā0 is Veiling of the true; vikṣēpa is Ascription of the false. ā0 is Hiding; vikṣēpa is Disguising. Ex. bhramajñānāsa ā0 āṇi vikṣēpa hēṃ kāraṇa hōya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āvaraṇa (आवरण).—n Enclosing; covering. Control. Concealing the real (in philosophy).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avāraṇa (अवारण).—a. Insufferable, not to be remedied, irremediable.

-ṇam Not warding off or preventing.

--- OR ---

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—&c. see आवृ (āvṛ).

See also (synonyms): āvaraka.

--- OR ---

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—a. Covering, hiding, obscuring, obstructing; नेत्रावरणमश्रु (netrāvaraṇamaśru) R.14.71.

-ṇam 1 Covering, concealing, hiding, obscuring; सूर्ये तपत्यावरणाय दृष्टेः कल्पेत लोकस्य कथं तमिस्रा (sūrye tapatyāvaraṇāya dṛṣṭeḥ kalpeta lokasya kathaṃ tamisrā) R.5.13,19.46,19.16.

2) Shutting, enclosing, fencing.

3) A covering, anything that covers or protects &c.; हस्तौ स्वौ नयति स्तनावरणताम् (hastau svau nayati stanāvaraṇatām) M.4. 14; Ś.3.21; (fig.) protection, defence; शीलमावरणं स्त्रियाः (śīlamāvaraṇaṃ striyāḥ) Rām.; चरित्रावरणाः स्त्रियः (caritrāvaraṇāḥ striyaḥ) Chāṇ.76.

4) Obstruction, interruption, restraint (of bashfulness &c.); कालेनावरणात्ययात् (kālenāvaraṇātyayāt) Uttararāmacarita 1.39.

5) An enclosure, fence, surrounding wall; लब्धान्तरा सावरणेऽपि गेहे (labdhāntarā sāvaraṇe'pi gehe) R.16.7; Kirātārjunīya 5.25.

6) A bolt, latch.

7) A shield.

8) An armour; आक्षिप्तचापावरणेषु जालानि (ākṣiptacāpāvaraṇeṣu jālāni) Kirātārjunīya 17.59.

9) (in phil.) mental blindness (Jaina).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—nt. (= Pali id.; see also an-āv° and āvṛti), hindrance, obstruction (= pratighātaḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 38.19; in Tibetan standardly rendered sgrib pa, darkness, obscuration, hence sin); Lévi, Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) i.6, note. Two kinds, kleśāv° (moral faults) and jñeyāv° (intellectual faults); gotra of śrāvakas and pratyekabuddhas free from the former, that of bo- dhisattvas, only, free also from the latter, Bodhisattvabhūmi 3.13 ff.; the two kinds mentioned also Bodhisattvabhūmi 37.6 f.; 88.3; Dharmasaṃgraha 115; āvaraṇa-dvayam Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 140.16; karmāv°, obstruction due to past actions, Mahāvyutpatti 845; 1383; Avadāna-śataka ii.155.9; Śikṣāsamuccaya 68.14; six obstacles to samādhi, samādhy-āv° Dharmasaṃgraha 118 (kausīdyaṃ mānaṃ śāṭhyam auddhatyam anābhogaḥ satyābhogaś ceti); general, Mahāvyutpatti 814; 6512; Bhadracarī 57 āvaraṇāṃ (acc. pl.) vinivartiya sarvāṃ; Mahāvyutpatti 814 sarvā- varaṇa-vivaraṇa-; Gaṇḍavyūha 107.22, 24 -āvaraṇāya (see s.v. vimātratā), etc., common.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Covering. 2. A covering, a garment. 3. A shield. 4. An outer bar or fence, a wall. 5. An obstruction. 6. Mental blindness. E. āṅ before vṛ to skreen, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—i. e. ā-vṛ + ana, n. 1. Covering, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 205, 23. 2. A cover, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 77. 3. Protection, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 99, 33. 4. A shield, [Śiśupālavadha] 5, 66. 5. Obstruction, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 163. 6. A lock, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—[adjective] covering, concealing; [neuter] the same as subst. + shutting, enclosing; obstruction, hindrance; cover, garment; bolt, lock; guard, protection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āvaraṇa (आवरण):—[=ā-varaṇa] [from ā-vṛ] mfn. covering, hiding, concealing, [Raghuvaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of covering, concealing, hiding, [Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] shutting, enclosing

4) [v.s. ...] an obstruction, interruption, [Manu-smṛti; Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] a covering, garment, cloth, [Mahābhārata; Kirātārjunīya; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] anything that protects, an outer bar or fence

7) [v.s. ...] a wall

8) [v.s. ...] a shield

9) [v.s. ...] a bolt, lock, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) mental blindness, [Jaina literature]

11) [v.s. ...] (also) envelopment (in [philosophy]), [Divyāvadāna 378, 4; Dharmasaṃgraha 115; Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 109]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण):—[ā-varaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. A covering, shield, bar, fence, obstruction.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āvaraṇa, Pāuraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avarana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) [Also spelled avran]:—(nm) a cover, covering, shell; sheath; screen; lid; envelope; cladding; mask;-[paricaya] blurb; -[pūṣṭha] cover page, book jacket.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āvaraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āvaraṇa (ಆವರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of covering or concealing.

2) [noun] an enclosed space with a building or group of buildings within it; a compound.

3) [noun] a small wall, hedge, wire structure, etc. that encloses such a space.

4) [noun] any piece of cloth used as a concealing or separating screen or curtain; a veil.

5) [noun] (phil.) the condition or quality of being ignorant; lack of knowledge; ignorance.

6) [noun] a flat, usually broad, piece of metal, wood, etc., carried in the hand or worn on the forearm to ward off blows or missiles; a shield.

7) [noun] (in a combat) the act or the knack of, warding off blows or missiles.

8) [noun] a metal coat to protect oneself from weapon-blows.

9) [noun] that which charms or bewitches, as an act of magic.

10) [noun] a sliding bar for locking a door, gate, etc. ; a bolt.

11) [noun] ; any line or thing marking a limit; bound; border; boundary.

12) [noun] an additional word, clause, etc. placed as an explanation or comment within two curved lines ( ), [ ] or { }.

13) [noun] a set of two such curved lines.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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