Avarana, aka: Āvaraṇa, Avāraṇa; 14 Definition(s)


Avarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to “covering” or “obstruction”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

In āvaraṇa (obstruction episodes), the doṣa that obstructs is aggravated and the one that is obstructed is said to be innocent (pure normal).

Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Avarana in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—A King of Viśvakarmā’s dynasty. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were born in the following order: Brahmā-Dharma-Prabhāsa-Viśvakarmā-Priyavrata-Āgnīdhra-Nābhi-Ṛṣabha-Bharata-Āvaraṇa.

Bharata married the world-beauty, Pañcajanī. Five children, Sumati, Rāṣṭrabhṛt, Sudarśana, Āvaraṇa, and Dhūmraketu were born to her. (Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha). (See full article at Story of Āvaraṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—A son of Bharata and Pāñcajanī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 7. 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Āvaraṇa (आवरण, “obstacle”) refers to a set of three obstacles, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. There are three kinds of obstacles (āvaraṇa):

  1. the obstacle consisting of the afflictions (kleśa-āvaraṇa),
  2. the obstacle consisting of action (karma-āvaraṇa),
  3. the obstacle consisting of retribution (vipāka-āvaraṇa).

Of these three obstacles, action is the greatest. Once accumulated (upacitta), actions last for hundreds of koṭi of kalpas without being lost, changed or deteriorating; they produce their fruit of retribution (vipākaphala) without loss of time; when these long-lasting actions meet the favorable complex of conditions and time, they produce their fruit of retribution.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Āvaraṇa (आवरण) refers to “two obstructions” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 115).

  1. kleśāvaraṇa (the obstruction of defilements),
  2. jñeyāvaraṇa (the obstruction of what remains to be known).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., āvaraṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

Āvaraṇa.—(EI 17), a shield. (SITI), shelter, covering; same as prākāra or wall around the temple. Note: āvaraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Avarana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āvaraṇa : (nt.) shutting off; hindrance; a bar; a screen.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āvaraṇa, (adj. -n.) (fr. ā + vṛ, cp. āvarati; BSk. āvaraṇa in pañc’āvaraṇāni Divy 378) shutting off, barring out, withstanding; nt. hindrance, obstruction, bar Vin. I, 84 (°ṃ karoti to prohibit, hinder); II, 262 (id.); D. I, 246 (syn. of pañca nīvaraṇāni); S. V, 93 sq. ; A. III, 63; J. I, 78 (an°); V, 412 (nadiṃ °ena bandhāpeti to obstruct or dam off the river); Sn. 66 (pahāya pañc’āvaraṇāni cetaso, cp. Nd2 379), 1005 (an°-dassāviṇ); Ps. I, 131 sq. ; II, 158 (an°); Pug. 13; Dhs. 1059, 1136; Vbh. 341, 342; Miln. 21 (dur° hard to withstand or oppose).—dant° “screen of the teeth", lip J. IV, 188; VI, 590. (Page 111)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Avarana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āvaraṇa (आवरण).—n (S) Enclosing, encircling; enwrapping, enfolding; overspreading, covering: also that which encloses, encircles &c., viz. a railing, paling, hedge, fence, wrapper, cover, case, mantle, cloak: also the state induced, viz. encircledness, enwrappedness, guardedness. 2 Control, cohibition, restraint: also governance, management, rule. 3 The guttling and gorging of women on the night of bhādrapadaśudhdadvitīyā. 4 In Hindu philosophy. One of the two (viz. āvaraṇa & vikṣēpa) sources of error or erroneous apprehension:--the overspreading or covering (by an object contemplated) of its real nature or character; whilst vikṣēpa is the casting forth or throwing out (by the object) of an unreal or untrue appearance. There is, however, another acceptation of ā0 & vikṣēpa. Both these sources of error are represented as consisting, not in the object, but in the contemplating mind; which, first overspreads and covers the real, and then casts around qualities and features and a semblance unreal. Thus, ā0 is Cloking and concealing, and vikṣēpa is Investing or clothing. ā0 is Veiling of the true; vikṣēpa is Ascription of the false. ā0 is Hiding; vikṣēpa is Disguising. Ex. bhramajñānāsa ā0 āṇi vikṣēpa hēṃ kāraṇa hōya.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āvaraṇa (आवरण).—n Enclosing; covering. Control. Concealing the real (in philosophy).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avāraṇa (अवारण).—a. Insufferable, not to be remedied, irremediable.

-ṇam Not warding off or preventing.

--- OR ---

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—&c. see आवृ (āvṛ).

See also (synonyms): āvaraka.

--- OR ---

Āvaraṇa (आवरण).—a. Covering, hiding, obscuring, obstructing; नेत्रावरणमश्रु (netrāvaraṇamaśru) R.14.71.

-ṇam 1 Covering, concealing, hiding, obscuring; सूर्ये तपत्यावरणाय दृष्टेः कल्पेत लोकस्य कथं तमिस्रा (sūrye tapatyāvaraṇāya dṛṣṭeḥ kalpeta lokasya kathaṃ tamisrā) R.5.13,19.46,19.16.

2) Shutting, enclosing, fencing.

3) A covering, anything that covers or protects &c.; हस्तौ स्वौ नयति स्तनावरणताम् (hastau svau nayati stanāvaraṇatām) M.4. 14; Ś.3.21; (fig.) protection, defence; शीलमावरणं स्त्रियाः (śīlamāvaraṇaṃ striyāḥ) Rām.; चरित्रावरणाः स्त्रियः (caritrāvaraṇāḥ striyaḥ) Chāṇ.76.

4) Obstruction, interruption, restraint (of bashfulness &c.); कालेनावरणात्ययात् (kālenāvaraṇātyayāt) U.1.39.

5) An enclosure, fence, surrounding wall; लब्धान्तरा सावरणेऽपि गेहे (labdhāntarā sāvaraṇe'pi gehe) R.16.7; Ki.5.25.

6) A bolt, latch.

7) A shield.

8) An armour; आक्षिप्तचापावरणेषु जालानि (ākṣiptacāpāvaraṇeṣu jālāni) Ki.17.59.

9) (in phil.) mental blindness (Jaina).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 75 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Āvaraṇaśakti (आवरणशक्ति).—f. (-ktiḥ) The power of illusion, that which veils the real nature of...
Kleśāvaraṇa (क्लेशावरण) or simply Kleśa refers to the “obstruction of defilements” and represen...
āvaraṇapūjā (आवरणपूजा).—f (S) Worship of the āvaraṇa- dēvatā (encircling court of deities), and...
Jñeyāvaraṇa (ज्ञेयावरण) or simply Jñeya refers to the “obstruction of what remains to be known”...
Darśanāvaraṇa (दर्शनावरण) or Darśanāvaraṇīya refers to “perception obscuring (karmas)” and repr...
Jñānāvaraṇa (ज्ञानावरण) or Jñānāvaraṇīya refers to “knowledge obscuring (karmas)” and represent...
Dehāvaraṇa (देहावरण).—armour, dress. Derivable forms: dehāvaraṇam (देहावरणम्).Dehāvaraṇa is a S...
Karmāvaraṇa (कर्मावरण) refers to the “obstacle consisting of action” and represents one of the ...
Samādhyāvaraṇa (समाध्यावरण) refers to the “six obstacles to concentration” as defined in the Dh...
Marmāvaraṇa (मर्मावरण).—an armour, a coat of mail. Derivable forms: marmāvaraṇam (मर्मावरणम्).M...
Gātrāvaraṇa (गात्रावरण).—a shield; Mb.7.2.28. Derivable forms: gātrāvaraṇam (गात्रावरणम्).Gātrā...
Śarāvaraṇa (शरावरण).—a shield; शितनिस्त्रिंश- हस्तस्य शरावणधारिणः (śitanistriṃśa- hastasya śarā...
Stanāvaraṇa (स्तनावरण).—a breast-cloth. Derivable forms: stanāvaraṇam (स्तनावरणम्).Stanāvaraṇa ...
Śarīrāvaraṇa (शरीरावरण).—1) the skin. 2) a shield. Derivable forms: śarīrāvaraṇam (शरीरावरणम्)....
Vipākāvaraṇa (विपाकावरण) refers to the “obstacle consisting of retribution” and represents one ...

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