Pushan, Pūṣan: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Pushan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pūṣan can be transliterated into English as Pusan or Pushan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pūṣan (पूषन्) (Puṣan?) is the name of a deity, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.37. Accordingly:—“[...] after uprooting his enemies, like a lion the elephants of the forest, Vīrabhadra surveyed all the quarters frequently to know ‘who is where’. [...] Caṇḍa forcibly plucked off the teeth of Pūṣan, who had formerly laughed and showed his teeth while Śiva was being cursed”.

Note: Maṇibhadra is is represented as toothless. The cause of his being toothless is variously explained. See H. M. P. 250. According to the present text, it was Caṇḍa, the follower of Vīrabhadra who uprooted his teeth.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Pushan is the guardian deity of roads, who removes dangers out of the way. He is also called the 'guardian of travelers' and the 'son of deliverance'. He follows and protects cattle, and brings them home safely. His name means 'prosperer'. His favorite food is gruel. He wears braided hair and a beard. He carries a golden spear, an awl and a goad. His is a great charioteer, and his car is drawn by goats. With his golden aerial ships, Pushan is the messenger of Surya. He is the guardian of all creatures. He is also often appealed to for granting bounty. Among his other duties, he conducts the dead on the far-off path of their fathers.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūṣan (पूषन्).—m. (nom. pūṣā, -ṣaṇau, -ṣaṇaḥ) [पूष्-कनिन् (pūṣ-kanin); Uṇ.1. 156]

1) A Vedic deity.

2) The protector of the universe; Īśop.16.

3) The sun; सदापान्थः पूषा गगनपरिमाणं कलयति (sadāpānthaḥ pūṣā gaganaparimāṇaṃ kalayati) Bh.2.114; इन्धनौघधगप्यग्निस्त्विषा नात्येति पूषणम् (indhanaughadhagapyagnistviṣā nātyeti pūṣaṇam) Śi.2.23; नवीनमिव पूषणम् (navīnamiva pūṣaṇam) Śiva B.15.26.

4) One of the 12 Ādityas; Mb.12.15.18.

5) The earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūṣan (पूषन्).—m.

(-ṣā) The sun. E. pūṣ to nourish, aff. kanin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūṣan (पूषन्).—i. e. puṣ + an, m. 1. The name of a vedic deity. 2. One of the Ādityas, Mahābhārata 1, 2523. 3. The sun, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 461.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūṣan (पूषन्).—[masculine] [Name] of a Vedic divinity, often identif. with the Sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūṣaṇ (पूषण्):—[from pūṣ] in [compound] for ṣan.

2) Pūṣan (पूषन्):—[from pūṣ] m. (the a not lengthened in the strong cases, but [accusative] ṣāṇam, in [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]) Name of a Vedic deity (originally connected with the sun, and therefore the surveyor of all things, and the conductor on journeys and on the way to the next world, often associated with Soma or the Moon as protector of the universe; he is, moreover, regarded as the keeper of flocks and herds and bringer of prosperity; in the Brāhmaṇas he is represented as having lost his teeth and feeding on a kind of gruel, whence he is called karambhād; in later times he is one of the 12 Ādityas and regent of the Nakṣatra Revatī or Pauṣṇa; [dual number] ‘Pūṣan and Aryaman’ [Viṣṇu-purāṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]])

3) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Kādambarī; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (?) growth, increase (cf. pūṣa-rāti)

5) [v.s. ...] the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūṣan (पूषन्):—(ṣā) 5. m. The sun.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pūṣan (पूषन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pūsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pushan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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