Purva, aka: Pūrvā, Pūrva; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Purva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Pūrva (पूर्व).—(l) ancient, old: (2) belonging to the Eastern districts. The word is frequently used as qualifying the word आचार्य (ācārya) where it means ancient.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Pūrvā (पूर्वा, “east”) represents one of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Pūrvā is a Sanskrit word which is known in Pali as purimā or puratthimā, in Tibetan as śar and in Chinese as tong.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pūrva (पूर्व).—The scriptures prior to Mahāvīra are called pūrvas.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Pūrva.—(IE 7-1-2), sometimes used to indicate ‘fourteen’. Note: pūrva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Pūrvā.—(IE 8-8; CII 4; ML), ‘the above’; ‘the aforesaid (tithi or praśasti)’; used with reference to a tithi and a praśasti; sometimes wrongly used as a synonym of a tithi or praśasti. Cf. anupūrvī used with reference to a tithi. Note: pūrvā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pūrva (पूर्व).—f or pūrvadiśā f (pūrvā S) The east. Pr. rājā karīla tī pūrvadiśāorsāṅgāla tī pūrvadiśā Whichsoever quarter the king (or you) may please to say is the east, that is the east. A form of expression implying Obsequiousness or abject admitting and consenting.

--- OR ---

pūrva (पूर्व).—a (S) Eastern or easterly. 2 First, former, prior, preceding, initial. It is in comp. affixed as well as prefixed; as dṛṣṭapūrva, śrutapūrva, uktapūrva, pūrvadṛṣṭa &c. Seen, heard, spoken &c. before. See further compounds in order. This word, with ka attached, enters into many combinations valuable to the translator from English. Its sense if explicated is still First, preceding, antecedent; but its service or force is that of With, together with. Ex. āgrahapūrvaka With importunity; i. e. importunity preceding or being first. See other examples under क.

--- OR ---

pūrvā (पूर्वा).—f pl (S) The eleventh of the lunar asterisms.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrva (पूर्व).—f pūrvadiśā f The east. Pr. rājā karīla tī pūrvadiśāṃ Whichsoever quarter the king may please to name the east, that is the east. A form of expression implying. Obsequiousness or abject admitting and consenting.

--- OR ---

pūrva (पूर्व).—a Eastern. First, former.

--- OR ---

pūrvā (पूर्वा).—f pl The eleventh of the lunar as- terisms.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrva (पूर्व).—a. (Declined like a pronoun when it implies relative position in time or space, but optionally so in nom. pl.; and abl. and loc. sing.)

1) Being in front of, first, foremost.

2) Eastern, easterly, to the east of; ग्रामात् पर्वतः पूर्वः (grāmāt parvataḥ pūrvaḥ) Sk.; पूर्वापरौ तोयनिधी वगाह्य (pūrvāparau toyanidhī vagāhya) Ku.1.1.

3) Previous to, earlier than; ब्राह्मणे साहसः पूर्वः (brāhmaṇe sāhasaḥ pūrvaḥ) Ms.8.276.

4) Old, ancient; पूर्वसूरिभिः (pūrvasūribhiḥ) R.1.4; इदं कविभ्यः पूर्वेभ्यो नमोवाकं प्रशास्महे (idaṃ kavibhyaḥ pūrvebhyo namovākaṃ praśāsmahe) U.1.1.

5) Former, previous, anterior, prior, antecedent (opp. uttara); in this sense often at the end of comp. and translated by 'formerly.' or 'before'; श्रुतपूर्व (śrutapūrva) &c.; व्यतीता या निशा पूर्वा पौराणां हर्षवर्धिनी (vyatītā yā niśā pūrvā paurāṇāṃ harṣavardhinī) Rām.7.37.1.

6) Aforesaid, before-mentioned.

7) Initial.

8) Established, customary, of long standing

9) Early, prime, पूर्वे वयसि (pūrve vayasi) Pt.1.165 'in early age or prime of life.

1) Elder (jyeṣṭha); रामः पूर्वो हि नो भ्राता भविष्यति महीपतिः (rāmaḥ pūrvo hi no bhrātā bhaviṣyati mahīpatiḥ) Rām.2.79.8.

11) (At the end of comp.) Preceded by, accompanied by, attended with; संबन्धमा भाषणपूर्वमाहुः (saṃbandhamā bhāṣaṇapūrvamāhuḥ) R.2.58; पुण्यः शब्दो मुनिरिति मुहुः केवलं राजपूर्वः (puṇyaḥ śabdo muniriti muhuḥ kevalaṃ rājapūrvaḥ) Ś2.17; तान् स्मितपूर्वमाह (tān smitapūrvamāha) Ku.7.47; बहुमानपूर्वया (bahumānapūrvayā) 5.31; दशपूर्वरथं यमाख्यया दशकण्ठारिगुरुं विदुर्बुधाः (daśapūrvarathaṃ yamākhyayā daśakaṇṭhāriguruṃ vidurbudhāḥ) R.8.29; so मतिपूर्वम् (matipūrvam) Ms.11.147 'intentionally', 'knowingly'; 12.89; अबोधपूर्वम् (abodhapūrvam) 'unconsciously', Ś.5.2. &c.

-rvaḥ An ancestor, a forefather; पूर्वैः किलायं परिवर्धितो नः (pūrvaiḥ kilāyaṃ parivardhito naḥ) R.13.3; पयः पूर्वैः सनिश्वासैः कवोष्णमुपभुज्यते (payaḥ pūrvaiḥ saniśvāsaiḥ kavoṣṇamupabhujyate) 1.67;5.14; अनुकारिणि पूर्वेषां युक्तरूपमिदं त्वयि (anukāriṇi pūrveṣāṃ yuktarūpamidaṃ tvayi) Ś.2.17.

-rvam The forepart; अनवरतधनुर्ज्यास्फालनक्रूरपूर्वम् (anavaratadhanurjyāsphālanakrūrapūrvam) (gātram) Ś.2.4.

-rvā 1 The east

2) Name of a country to the east of Madhyadeśa.

-rvam ind.

1) Before (with abl.); मासात् पूर्वम् (māsāt pūrvam).

2) Formerly, previously, at first, antecedently, beforehand; तं पूर्वमभिवादयेत् (taṃ pūrvamabhivādayet) Ms.2.117;3.94;8.25;; R. 12.35; प्रणिपातपूर्वम् (praṇipātapūrvam) K; भूतपूर्वखरालयम् (bhūtapūrvakharālayam) U.2.17 'which formerly was the abode', &c.; समयपूर्वम् (samayapūrvam) Ś.5. 'after a formal agreement.'

3) Immemorially. (pūrveṇa 'in front', 'before', 'to the east of', with gen. or acc.; adya pūrvam 'till-now', 'hitherto'; [pūrvaḥ -tataḥ -paścāt -upari] 'firstthen, first-afterwards', 'previously, subsequently', [pūrvam -adhunā] or -adya 'formerly-now.'

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of purva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 349 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Purvaphalguni
Pūrvaphalgunī (पूर्वफल्गुनी) or Pūrvvaphalgunī.—f. (-nī) The eleventh lunar asterism; the first...
Purvashadha
Pūrvāṣāḍhā (पूर्वाषाढा).—Name of the 2th lunar mansion consisting of two stars. Pūrvāṣāḍhā is a...
Purvarupa
Pūrvarūpa (पूर्वरूप) or Pūrvvarūpa.—n. (-paṃ) 1. Indication of some approaching change. 2. Rete...
Purvabhadrapada
Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा) or Pūrvvabhādrapadā.—f. (-dā) The first of the two lunar asteri...
Purvapaksha
Pūrvapakṣa (पूर्वपक्ष).—1) the fore-part or side. 2) the first half of a lunar month; सर्वं पूर...
Purvapada
Pūrvapada (पूर्वपद) or Pūrvvapada.—n. (-daṃ) The first member of a compounded word, of a senten...
Purvaratra
Pūrvarātra (पूर्वरात्र) or Pūrvvarātra.—m. (-traḥ) The first part of the night. E. pūrva preced...
Purvottara
Pūrvottara (पूर्वोत्तर).—a. north-eastern. -rā the north-east. -re dual) the preceding and foll...
Purvaranga
Pūrvaraṅga (पूर्वरङ्ग).—the commencement or prelude of a drama, the prologue; यन्नाठ्यवस्तुनः प...
Purvashaila
Pūrvaśaila (पूर्वशैल) or Pūrvvaśaila.—m. (-laḥ) The eastern mountain, behind which the sun is s...
Anyapurva
Anyapūrvā (अन्यपूर्वा) or Anyapūrvvā.—f. (-rvā) A girl previously promised or betrothed to one ...
Purvasahasa
Pūrvasāhasa (पूर्वसाहस) or Pūrvvasāhasa.—n. (-saṃ) The first or heaviest of the three fines, or...
Purvabhyasa
Pūrvābhyāsa (पूर्वाभ्यास) or Pūrvvābhyāsa.—m. (-saḥ) Former practice, or experience. E. pūrva, ...
Purvardha
Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—1) the first half; दिनस्य पूर्वार्धपरार्धभिन्ना छायेव मैत्री खलसज्जनानाम...
Purvanga
Pūrvāṅga (पूर्वाङ्ग).—the first day in the civil month. Derivable forms: pūrvāṅgaḥ (पूर्वाङ्गः)...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: