Bhashya, Bhāṣya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhashya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhāṣya can be transliterated into English as Bhasya or Bhashya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Bhāṣya (भाष्य).—A learned commentary on an original work, of recognised merit and scholarship, for which people have got a sense of sanctity in their mind; generally every Sūtra work of a branch of technical learning (or Śāstra) in Sanskrit has got a Bhāṣya written on it by a scholar of recognised merit. Out of the various Bhāṣya works of the kind given above, the Bhāṣya on the Vyākaraṇa sūtras of Pāṇini is called the Mahābhāṣya, on the nature of which possibly the following definition is based "सूत्रार्थो वर्ण्यते यत्र पदैः सूत्रानुकारिभिः । स्वपदानि च वर्ण्यन्ते भाष्यं भाष्यविदो विदुः । (sūtrārtho varṇyate yatra padaiḥ sūtrānukāribhiḥ | svapadāni ca varṇyante bhāṣyaṃ bhāṣyavido viduḥ |) " In books on Sanskrit Grammar the word भाष्य (bhāṣya) is used always for the Mahābhāṣya. The word भाष्य (bhāṣya) is sometimes used in the Mahābhāṣya of Patanjali (cf. उक्तो भावभेदो भाष्ये (ukto bhāvabhedo bhāṣye) III.3.19, IV.4.67) where the word may refer to a work like लघुभाष्य (laghubhāṣya) which Patañjali may have written, or may have got available to him as written by somebody else, before he wrote the Mahābhāṣya.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Bhāṣya (भाष्य) refers to “talking over, discussion”.—Commentary on a text or scripture.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhāṣya (भाष्य).—n S An exposition, commentary, gloss, scholium; particularly the explanation and application of a technical sutra: hence annotations or comments in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhāṣya (भाष्य).—n An exposition, commentary; comments.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhāṣya (भाष्य).—[bhāṣ-ṇyat]

1) Speaking, talking.

2) Any work in the common or vernacular language.

3) Exposition, gloss, commentary; as in वेदभाष्य (vedabhāṣya).

4) Especially, a commentary which explains Sūtras or aphorisms word by word with comments of its own; (sūtrārtho varṇyate yatra padaiḥ sūtrānusāribhiḥ | svapadāni ca varṇyante bhāṣyaṃ bhāṣyavido viduḥ ||); संक्षिप्तस्याप्यतोऽस्यैव वाक्यस्यार्थगरीयसः । सुविस्तरतरा वाचो भाष्यभूता भवन्तु मे (saṃkṣiptasyāpyato'syaiva vākyasyārthagarīyasaḥ | suvistaratarā vāco bhāṣyabhūtā bhavantu me) Śi.2.24; फणिभाषितभाष्यफक्किका (phaṇibhāṣitabhāṣyaphakkikā) N.2.95.

5) Name of the great commentary of Patañjali on Pāṇini's Sūtras.

6) A sort of house.

Derivable forms: bhāṣyam (भाष्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāṣya (भाष्य).—mfn. (ṣyaḥ-ṣyā-ṣyaṃ) To be said or spoken. n.

(-ṣyaṃ) 1. A commentary, but particularly the explanation and application of a technical Sutra or aphorism; hence applied to many of the annotations on the grammatical aphorisms of Panini, to comments on the Vedas, &c. 2. A sort of building. E. bhāṣ to speak, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāṣya (भाष्य).—[neuter] speech, talk; any work in the vulgar speech, [especially] explanatory work, commentary, also = mahābhāṣya q.v.

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Bhāsya (भास्य).—[adjective] to be (being) brought to light or made visible; [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhāṣya (भाष्य):—[from bhāṣ] n. speaking, talking, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] any work in the common or vernacular speech, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Gṛhya-sūtra; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] an explanatory work, exposition, explanation, commentary ([especially] on technical Sūtras), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Patañjali’s [commentator or commentary] on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (cf. mahā-bhāṣya)

5) [v.s. ...] of the 4th [chapter] of the [Bhaviṣya-purāṇa, khaṇḍa 1 & 2: bhaviṣya-purāṇa & bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a sort of house or building, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Bhāsya (भास्य):—[from bhās] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) to be made visible, to be brought to light (-tva n.), [Vedāntasāra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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