Lokanatha, Loka-natha, Lokanāthā, Lokanātha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Lokanatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.300-302.—Accordingly, “who has wide eyes is saluted by all gods, occupies a good throne and has the eyes closed in meditation. He is seated on a lotus (or in the padmāsana posture), is of a complexion comparable to the inferior of the lotus and has his intellect filled with sympathy. His hands bear the (marks of) conch and lotus. He proclaims (shows) the three courses of knowledge, detachment and good dharma

These Vibhavas (eg., Lokanātha) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the five daughters of Vijayabahu I. and Tilokasundari. She married Kittisirimegha. Cv.lix.31, 44.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokanatha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). Lou kia na t’a (Lokanātha) in the language of Ts’in means “protector of the world”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ) or Lokanāthalokeśvara refers to one of the various forms of Avalokiteśvara having their Sādhana described in the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—His Colour is white; his Symbol is the lotus; his Mudrā is the varada.—Four Sādhanas are devoted to the worship of the Lokanātha form of Avalokiteśvara. He is single in three Sādhanas and only one Sādhana describes him as accompanied by Tārā and Hayagrīva.

The Dhyāna (meditation instructions) of Lokanātha is described in the Sādhanamālā as follows:

“Following the same procedure as before, the worshipper should think himself as Lokanātha, resplendent like the moon, as springing from the sacred syllable Hrīḥ and wearing the jaṭāmukuṭa. He has within his matted hair the figure of the god, Vajradharma, is the destroyer of all diseases, exhibits the varada-mudrā in the right hand and carries the lotus in the left. He sits in the lalita attitude, is peaceful and resplendent. To his right is Tārā, who has a peaceful appearance, exhibits the varada-mudrā and carries the lotus. To the left is Hayagrīva, who displays the gesture of bowing and carries the staff in his two hands. He is red in colour, appears terrible and is clad in the garment of tiger-skin”.

Later, the Sādhana adds an account of the deities constituting the Lokanātha-maṇḍala:—

“On the eight petals of the lotus [on which the god sits] should be placed the gods Maitreya and others. Maitreya is yellow in colourcarries the Nāga [keśara] flower and exhibits the varada pose. Kṣitigarbha is of green colour, carries the Kalaśa and exhibits the abhaya pose. Vajrapāṇi is whitish in colour, carries the vajra and exhibits the abhaya-mudrā. Khagarbha has the colour of the blue sky, carries the Cintāmaṇi and exhibits the varada-mudrā . Mañjughoṣa is of golden complexion and carries in his two hands the sword and the book. Gaganagañja is of red colour, carries the lotus and exhibits the varada-mudrā. Viṣkambhin is ash-coloured, carries the excellent jewel and exhibits the varada-mudrā. Samantabhadra is yellowish in complexion, carries the jewel on a lotus and exhibits the varada-mudrā. The four goddesses Dhūpā and others (accompany Lokanātha) and the (four goddesses) Vajrāṅkuśī and others guard the gates, their colour and weapons being in accordance with the canons the Maṇḍala. In this way Lokanātha should be meditated upon by the worshipper”.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Lokanāthī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Lokanātha] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokanatha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lokanātha : (m.) the lord of the world.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lokanātha refers to: saviour of the world, Ep. of the Buddha Sn. 995; Vism. 201, 234; VvA. 165; PvA. 42, 287.

Note: lokanātha is a Pali compound consisting of the words loka and nātha.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokanatha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōkanātha (लोकनाथ).—m (S) A particular medicinal preparation. 2 (Lord of the people.) A term for God or for a king.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (L) next»] — Lokanatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ).—

1) Brahman.

2) Viṣṇu.

3) Śiva.

4) a king, sovereign.

5) a Buddha

6) the sun.

Derivable forms: lokanāthaḥ (लोकनाथः).

Lokanātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms loka and nātha (नाथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ).—frequent as epithet of the historic Buddha, as in Pali, e.g. Lalitavistara 97.16; in Sādhanamālā (29.17 etc.) n. or epithet of a Buddha; it is not clear that Śākyamuni is meant, tho he may be.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lokanātha (लोकनाथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) 1. A sovereign of the universe. 2. One of the Jaina or Bauddh'ha saints. E. loka the world, nātha lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lokanātha (लोकनाथ):—[=loka-nātha] [from loka > lok] m. ‘lord of worlds’, Name of Brahmā, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Kumāra-sambhava]

4) [v.s. ...] of the gods in general, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of the sun, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] a protector or guardian of the people, king, sovereign, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Buddha, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) [v.s. ...] of Avalokiteśvara, [ib.; Inscriptions]

10) [v.s. ...] of various authors, [Catalogue(s)]

11) [v.s. ...] a panic. mixture, [Rasendracintāmaṇi]

12) [v.s. ...] mfn. being under the guardianship of mankind, [Kāvya literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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