by N. Gangadharan | 1954 | 360,691 words | ISBN-10: 8120803590 | ISBN-13: 9788120803596
This page describes The words denoting earth, city, forest and herbs which is chapter 363 of the English translation of the Agni Purana, one of the eighteen major puranas dealing with all topics concerning ancient Indian culture, tradition and sciences. Containing roughly 15,000 Sanskrit metrical verses, subjects contained in the Agni-Purana include cosmology, philosophy, architecture, iconography, economics, diplomacy, pilgrimage guides, ancient geography, gemology, ayurveda, etc.
2. (The words) mṛt and mṛttikā (denote a piece of earth). Commendable earth (is denoted by the words) mṛtsā and mṛtsnā. (The land space on the earth is denoted by the words) jagat, viṣṭapam [viṣṭapa], loka, bhuvanam [bhuvana] and jagati.
4-6a. (The words) pūḥ, purī, nagarī, pattanam [pattana] and puṭabhedanam [puṭabhedana] (denote a town). Sthānīyam [sthānīya] is a big city surrounding big pathways. Śākhānagaraṃ [śākhānagara] is a suburb of a principal city. The suburb where the harlots dwell is veśa. Āpaṇa and niṣadyā (denote) the place for selling goods. Vipaṇi and paṇyavīthikā (denote) the market street. Rathyā, pratolī and viśikhā (denote) the pathways in the interior of a village. Caya and vapram [vapra] (mean the earth dug up from a moat) in the masculine and neuter.
7-8. Bhitti and kuḍyam [kuḍya] (denote a wall). That wall set with bone etc. inside (is known as) eḍūkaṃ [eḍūka]. (The words) vāsa, kuṭī, śālā and sabhā (denote the assembly hall). Sāñjavanam [sāñjavana] and catuḥśālam [catuḥśāla] (is a group of four houses forming a court). Parṇaśālā and uṭaja (not feminine) denote a hermitage. Caityam [caitya] and āyatanam [āyatana] (denote a sacrificial hall). Vājiśālā and mandurā (denote a stable).
9. The dwelling place of the rich (is) harmyādi. The place of the gods and kings (is called) prāsāda. (The words) Dvāḥ [dvā], dvāram [dvāra] and pratihāra (denote a door), where the word Dvāḥ is feminine. Vitardi and vedikā (mean a fence).
10-lla. (The words) kapotapālikā and viṭaṅkam [viṭaṅka], respectively masculine and neuter (denote a pigeonhouse made of wood etc.). Kapāṭa and arara are synonṭyms (meaning a door). Niḥśreṇi and adhirohiṇī (denote steps made with wood etc. for ascending). Sammārjanī and Śodhanī (mean broom-stick). Saṅkara and avakara (denote sweepings).
11b-12. (The words) adri, gotra, giri and grāvā (denote mountains in general). (The words) gahanam [gahana], kānanam [kānana] and vanam [vana] (denote a forest). (The words) ārāma and upavanam [upavana] (denote) an artificial garden (that has been accomplished). The same that is fit for harem (is called) pramadavanam [pramadavana].
13. (The words) vīthī, āliḥ [āli], āvaliḥ [āvali], paṅktiḥ [paṅkti] and śreṇī (denote a row). (The words) lekhāḥ [lekhā] and rājayaḥ [rājaya] (denote lines). A tree (that is seen) with fruits (produced) from flowers (is) vānaspatyaḥ [vānaspatya]. A tree (that is seen) with fruits not (produced) from flowers (is) vanaspatiḥ [vanaspati].
14. Those which end with fruit-bearing (are known as) oṣadhī-s. (The words) palāśī, druḥ [dru], druma and agama (denote a tree). (The words) sthāṇu, dhruva and śaṅku (denote a cut tree). (The word) stāiṇu is optionally masculine. (The words) praphulla, utphulla and saṃphulla (mean a flower that has blossomed).
15-16a. (The words) palāśam [palāśa], chadanam [chadana] and parṇam [parṇa] (denote a leaf). (The words) idhmam [idhma], edhaḥ and samit, faminine (denote dry wood and grass). Bodhidruma and caladala (denote the holy fig tree). Dadhittha, grāhī, manmatha, dadhiphala, puṣpaphala and dantaśaṭha (denote the woodapple tree).
16b-17. (The words) udumbara, hemadugdha, kovidāra and dvipatraka (denote udumbara). The saptaparṇa (tree) (is also known as) viśālatvak. The kṛtamāla (tree is also known as) suvarṇaka, ārevata, vyādhighāta, śampāka and cuturaṅgala.
19-20a. Nimbataru, mandāra and pārijātaka (are the other names of) pāribhadra (tree). Vañjula and citrakṛt (are the other names of tiniśa tree). Pītana and kapītana (denote) the āmrātaka (tree). (The other names) of madhūka (are) guḍapuṣpa and madhudruma.
25-26a. Vīravṛkṣa, aruṣkara and agnimukhī (are the synonyms of) bhallātakī in (all the three genders). Sarjaka, pītasāraka and asana (are synonyms of) jīva (jīvaka). Sarja and aśvakarṇa (are synonyms of) sāla. Arjuna (tree) (is also called) vīrataru, indradruḥ [indradru], and kakubhaḥ [kakubha].
26b-2 7. Iṅgudī (is also known as) tāpasataru. Śālmali [śālmalī?] (is also known as) mocā. Cirabilva [ciravilva], naktamāla and karaja (are the other names of) karañjaka. (Pūtika is also known as) prakīrya and pūtikaraja. Markaṭī and aṅgāravallarī (are varieties of karañja).
30-3la. Piṇḍītaka and maruvaka (are synonyms of madana). Devadāru (is also called) pītadāru, dāru and pūtikāṣṭham [pūtikāṣṭha]. Priyaṅgu (is also known as) śyāmā, mahilāhvayā, latā, govandanī, gundrā, phalinī and phalī.
34-35a. Vakula (bakula) (is said to be vañjula. (Kapilā is also called as) picchilā and aguruśiṃśapā. Jayā, jayantī and tarkārī (are synonyms of vaijayantikā. Kaṇikā (is also known as) gaṇikārikā, śrīparṇam [śrīparṇa] and agnimantha. Vatsaka and girimallikā (are synonyms of kuṭaja).
35b-36. Kālaskandha (is a synonym of) tamāla. Taṇḍulīya (is known as) alpamāriṣa. Sinduvāra (is also known as) nirguṇḍī. The same (mallikā) grown in the forest (is known as) āsphoṭā. Yūthikā (is also known as) gaṇikā and ambaṣṭhā. Navamālikā (is also known as) saptalā.
38. The blue jhiṇṭī (is also known as) bāṇā. (It is also known as dāsī and artagala.) Jhiṇṭī (in general is known as) saireyaka. If it is red, it is known as kurabaka. If it is yellow, it is known as sahacarī (and also as sahacara).
40-42a. Kuṭheraka (is the other name of) parṇāsa. Vasuka and āsphoṭa (are the synonyms of) arka. Śivamallī and pāśupata (are synonyms). Vṛndā, vṛkṣādanī, jīvantikā and vṛkṣaruhā (are the synonyms of the plant that clings to a tree and grows). Guḍūcī (has the other names) tantrikā, amṛtā, somavallī and madhuparṇī. Mūrvā (is also called) moraṭā, madhūlikā, madhuśreṇī, gokarṇī and pīluparṇī.
42b-43. Pāṭhā (is also known as) āmbaṣṭhā, viddhakarṇī, pracinā and vanatiktikā. Kaṭuḥ [kaṭu], kaṭumbharā, cakrāṅgī and śakulādanī (are the names of kaṭurohiṇī). Ātmaguptā, prāvṛṣāyī and kapikacchu (are the other names of) markaṭī.
49-50. Viśvā, viṣā and prativiṣā (are synonyms). Vanaśṛṅgāṭa and gokṣura (are synonyms). Nārāyaṇī and śatamūlī (are synonyms). Kālīyaka, haridruḥ [haridru], dārvī, pacampacā, dāruśuklā and haimavatī (are synonyms of parjanī). Ugragandhā, ṣaḍgranthā, golomī and śataparvikā (are the synonyms of) vacā.
52. Viḍaṅga is known as kṛmighna (and is used) in the masculine and neuter. Vajradru (is also known as) snuk, snuhī and sudhā. Mṛdvīkā and gostanī (are the other names of) drākṣā. Balā and vāṭyālakā (are synonyms).
53. Kālā and masūravidalā (are synonyms of black trivṛt). Trivṛt (is also known as) tripuṭā and trivṛtā. Madhukam [madhuka], klītakam [klītaka], yaṣṭimadhukam [yaṣṭimadhuka] and madhuyaṣṭikā (are synonyms).
59. Śukam [śuka] and barham [barha] (are other names of) granthiparṇam [granthiparṇa] (as well as) balā. Tripuṭā and truṭi (are the synonyms of sūkṣmailā). Śivā and tāmalakī (are synonyms of bhūmyāmalakī). Hanu and haṭṭavilāsinī (are synonyms).
60. Kuṭannaṭam [kuṭannaṭa], dāśapuram [dāśapura], vāneyam [vāneya] and paripelavam [paripelava] (are synonyms). Jaṭāmāṃsī (is also known as) tapasvinī. Spṛkkā (is also called) devi, latā and laghu.
66-67. Badarā and gṛṣṭi (are synonyms of) vārāhī. Vāyasī (is also known as) kākamācī. Madhurā (is also known as) śatapuṣpā, sitacchatrā, aticchatrā, misi, avākpuṣpī and kāravī. Saraṇā, prasāraṇī, kaṭambharā and bhadrabalā (are synonyms). Karcūra and śaṭī (are synonyms).
73. Vṛścika and śūkakīṭa (scorpion) (are synonyms). Sāraṅga and tokaka are synonyms (denoting a cātaka bird). Kṛkavāku and tāmracūḍa (are synonyms denoting a cock). Pika and kokila (are synonyms denoting a cuckoo).
76. Kekī (denotes a peacock). Kekā (denotes) the sound made by a peacock. (The words) śakunti, śakuni and dvija (denote a bird). Pakṣati is the base of the wing. It is in the feminine. Cañcu and troṭi [toṭi?] (denote the beak). Both (the words) are feminine.
77-78. (The words) uṇḍīnam [uṇḍīna] and saṇḍīnam [saṇḍīna] (denote) the gait (of birds). Kulāya and nīḍam [nīḍa] (denote a nest). They are (used) in the masculine and neuter. Peśī, koṣa and aṇḍa (denote an egg). If less than two, aṇḍa is used in the neuter. (The young one of a bird is denoted by the words) pṛthuka, śāvaka, śisu, pota, pāka, arbhaka and ḍimbha. (The following words denote a collection): sandoha, vyūhaka, gaṇa, stoma, ogha, nikara, vrāta, nikurambam [nikuramba], kadambakam [kadambaka], saṅghātaḥ [saṅghāta], sañcayaḥ [sañcaya] and vṛndam [vṛnda]. Puñja, rāśi [rāśī?] and kūṭakam [kūṭaka] (are used to denote heap of grains).
Footnotes and references:
Cf. Amara paṅkti 725.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti 724.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti 730.
The Purāṇa wrongly reads pītaśāla. Cf. Amara paṅkti 735.
Cf. Amara paṅkti 737. The purāṇic reading is wrong.
Cf Amara paṅkti 738.
Cf. Amara paṅkti 745.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti 773.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti. 779.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti. 781.
Cf Amara paṅkti 792.
Refers to amlāna. Cf. Amara. paṅkti 796.
Cf. Amara paṅkti 797.
Cf. ibid. paṅkti 806-807.
Cf. Amara. paṅkti 819.
prāvṛṣāyaṇī. cf. Amara paṅkti 821.
Amara paṅkti 827 reads hañjikā.
Cf. Amara paṅkti 831 -832.
karipippalī. Cf. Amara paṅkti 842.
ibid. reads parjanī.
This name is not found in Amara paṅkti 892.
This term is not found in Amara paṅkti 913.
Cf. Amara paṅkti 899.
The purāṇic reading laśūḥ [laśū] is obviously wrong.
The Purāṇic reading is corrupt. Cf. Amara paṅkti 937-38.
The section on animals begins here.
From here begins the listing of synonyms of birds.