Shatpada, Ṣaṭpada, Shash-pada: 14 definitions


Shatpada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaṭpada can be transliterated into English as Satpada or Shatpada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) is another name for “Bhṛṅgarāja” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ṣaṭpada] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Ṣaṭpada) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) refers to the “six planes”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves. It contains the ocean of the six planes [i.e., ṣaṭpada-arṇava-saṃkula], and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces (aṭṭāla). It possesses many qualities and wonders. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) (Cf. Dvirepha) refers to “bees”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Again in the season of autumn will be found the blue and white lotus growing side by side, hovered over by beautiful lines of bees [i.e., bhramat-ṣaṭpada-paṅkti-bhūṣitā], tender creepers adding beauty to the scene; the season therefore resembles a charming woman with blue eyes, fair face, black hair and thin brows. As if to view the beauty of the pure disc of her lord—the Moon, the summer lake opens at night her red lotus buds—her eyes of soft petals in which lie concealed the black bee serving as the pupil of the eye”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “black bee”.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ṣaṭpāda (षट्पाद) or Ṣaṭpādābhidharma (Cf. Kośavyākyā, p. 466) is the Jñānaprasthāna and the six annexed treatises that are its continuation (anucāra) or ‘feet’ (cf. Kośa, I, p. 4, n. 4). There is a list of them in Sanskrit in the Kośavyākhyā, p. 9, and in Tibetan in Buston, I. p. 49 and Taranātha, p. 296. [...] Along with the Jñānaprasthāna, these are the seven treatises of the Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma. [...]

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद).—m.

(-daḥ) A bee. mf. (-daḥ-dī) A louse. f. (-dī) 1. A louse. 2. A female bee. 3. A stanza consisting of six lines. E. ṣaṣ six, pada a foot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद).—i. e. ṣaṣ-pada, m. A bee, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 129; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 41.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.; also having (taken) six steps; [masculine] insect, bee.

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Ṣaṭpāda (षट्पाद).—[adjective] six-footed; [masculine] bee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद):—[=ṣaṭ-pada] [from ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] mfn. having six places or quarters (as a town), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] six-footed, (a verse) consisting of six divisions or Pādas, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a six-footed animal, insect, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Ṣaṭpadā (षट्पदा):—[=ṣaṭ-padā] [from ṣaṭ-pada > ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] f. (ifc.) a bee, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a louse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a class of Prakṛt metres, [Colebrooke]

7) Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद):—[=ṣaṭ-pada] [from ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] n. a [particular] advantageous position in chess, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Ṣaṭpāda (षट्पाद):—[=ṣaṭ-pāda] [from ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] mfn. six-footed, [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a bee, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद):—[ṣa-ṭpada] (daḥ) 1. m. A bee. m. f. (ī) A louse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ṣaṭpada (षट्पद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chappaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shatpada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaṭpada (ಷಟ್ಪದ):—

1) [noun] a bee (that has six legs).

2) [noun] any of several varieties of metrical verses each having six lines.

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Satpada (ಸತ್ಪದ):—

1) [noun] an excellent, most superior status, position.

2) [noun] the sky.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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