Gundra, Gundrā, Guṇḍrā, Gumdra: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Gundra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gundrā (गुन्द्रा) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Gundra in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Ruta chalepensis L. from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family having the following synonyms: Ruta bracteosa, Ruta fumariifolia. For the possible medicinal usage of gundra, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Guṇḍrā (गुण्ड्रा) refers to a kind of grass: Saccharurn sara (pen-reed grass) according to N. Chidambaram Iyer in his translation of the Bṛhatsaṃhitā.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Gundra (“round”) is one of the septs (divisions) among the Jōgis (a caste of Telugu mendicants). The Jōgi mendicants go about, clad in a dirty loin-cloth (often red in colour) and a strip of cloth over the shoulders, with cobras, pythons, or rat snakes in baskets, and carrying a bag slung over the shoulder.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gundra (गुन्द्र).—A kind of grass.

Derivable forms: gundraḥ (गुन्द्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gundra (गुन्द्र).—[masculine] ā [feminine] [Name] of [several] plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guṇḍra (गुण्ड्र):—mf. a kind of Cyperus, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā liv, 100] (ifc. sa-guṇḍra [varia lectio] -gundra).

2) Gundra (गुन्द्र):—m. Saccharum Sara (śara), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) the plant Paṭaraka, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) mn. the root of Cyperus pertenuis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Gundrā (गुन्द्रा):—[from gundra] f. idem, [Suśruta] (cf. guṇḍra) Typha angustifolia, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Cyperus rotundus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Coix barbata (gavedhukā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = priyaṃgu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gundra (गुन्द्र):—(ndraḥ) 1. m. A kind of grass. f. (ndrā) A fragrant grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gundra (गुन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Guṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gundra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guṃdra (ಗುಂದ್ರ):—[noun] = ಗುಂದ್ರೆ [gumdre].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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