Kanda, Kaṇḍa, Kandā: 18 definitions


Kanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Kanda (कन्द, “bulb”):—Sixth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna (2nd chakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. It is identified with the sixth of the seven worlds, named tapoloka. Together, these seven seatsthey form the Brahmāṇḍa (cosmic egg). The Kanda seat points to the west.

The associated pura is called puruṣa (or, puṃs), at the head of which is the Siddha named Khaḍgīśa. These Siddhas are considered to have been the expounders of the kula doctrine in former times.

The associated dhātu (constituents of the physical body) is the Marrow (majjā).

2) Kandā (कन्दा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Kanda, the fifth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Kandā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: academia.edu: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Kanda (कन्द, “bulb”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Kanda belongs to the latter system.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kāṇḍa (काण्ड).—tad. affix काण्ड (kāṇḍa) prescribed after words like दूर्वा, तृण, कर्म (dūrvā, tṛṇa, karma) in the sense of समूह (samūha); cf दूर्वादिभ्यः (dūrvādibhyaḥ) (v.1. पूर्वादिभ्यः (pūrvādibhyaḥ)) काण्डः (kāṇḍaḥ); Kāś on P.IV. 2.51.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Kanda (कन्द, “bulb”) is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinīyoga by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—The body is described, starting from the “bulb” (kanda), the place in which the subtle channels (nāḍī) originate, located between anus and penis (28–9). The three principal channels are iḍā (left), piṅgalā (right) and suṣumṇā (in the centre of the spine and the head). Inside the suṣumṇā is citrā, a channel connecting to the place on the top of the skull called the brahmarandhra (30–4).

Note: The kanda (“bulbous root”, especially of a lotus), more specifically known as the kandayoni elsewhere, is a structure named after its shape, above which the kuṇḍalinī rests and from which the nāḍīs emerge.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kāṇḍa (काण्ड) refers to the “stem” (of a tree), as mentioned in a list of four synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Kāṇḍa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Kanda (कन्द) refers to “corm” (part of a plant) and represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Śāka-prakaraṇa deals with all types of vegetables. Here vegetables are classified into different plant parts [like corm (kanda), etc.]. Each of these classification have so many varieties. This prakaraṇa is devoted to explain these varieties and their properties in detail.

2) Kāṇḍa (काण्ड) refers to “stem” (part of a plant) and also represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the same work.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kanda (कन्द, “bulb”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Kanda and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kanda.—(CITI), name of a metre common in Telugu and Kannaḍa. Note: kanda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kaṇḍa : (m.) 1. a portion or chapter; 2. an arrow or shaft.

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kanda : (m.) a tuber; yam.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kanda, (Sk. kanda) a tuberous root, a bulb, tuber, as radish, etc. J. I, 273; IV, 373; VI, 516; VvA. 335; °mūla bulbs and roots (°phala) D. I, 101; a bulbous root J. V, 202. (Page 186)

— or —

Kaṇḍa, (m. nt.) (perhaps as *kaldno fr. *kalad to break, cp. Gr. kladarόs, Lat. clades, etc., Sk. kāṇḍa. See also khagga and khaṇḍa) 1. the portion of a stalk or cane between one knot and another; the whole stalk or shaft; the shaft of an arrow, an arrow in general M. I, 429 (two kinds of arrows: kaccha & ropima, cp. kaṇḍa-cittaka); J. I, 150; II, 91; III, 273; V, 39; Miln. 44, 73; Mhvs 25, 89. As arrow also in the “Tell” story of Culladhanuggaha at J. III, 220 & DhA. IV, 66. ‹-› 2. a section, portion or paragraph of a book DA. I, 12; Pgdp 161.—3. a small portion, a bit or lump DhA. I, 134 (pūva°); Mhvs 17, 35.—4. kaṇḍaṃ (adv.) a portion of time, for a while, a little Pgdp 36.—See also khaṇḍa, with which it is often confounded. Der. upa-kaṇḍakin (adj.) (thin) like a stalk or arrow Pv. II. 113 (of a Petī).

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇḍa (कंड).—f (kaṇḍū S) The itch. 2 fig. An itching (for fight &c.)

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kaṇḍā (कंडा).—m (kaṇḍū Itch.) Swelling with fancied importance; itching to display one's superiority; conceit. 2 A rope covered over with cloth, or a silver ring, as an ornament for the neck of a horse, bullock &c. 3 A term in boys' plays signifying Victory or gain of the game. v lāva, lāga.

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kanda (कंद).—m (S) A bulbous or tuberous root. 2 fig. and in comp. Root, stock, source, fountain; as ānandakanda, amṛtakanda, sukhakanda, vilāsakanda.

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kāṇḍa (कांड).—n (S) The included portion betwixt two articulations or joints, an internodation. 2 The trunk or stem of a tree. 3 A chapter or section; a division of the Vedas, of which there are three, viz. karmakāṇḍa, yajñakāṇḍa, upāsanākāṇḍa. 4 S m n An arrow.

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kāṇḍa (कांड).—n The rope by which the sail is hoisted, halliards. 2 Straw or thrashed stalks (of wheat, nachi, gram &c.)

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kāndā (कांदा).—m (kanda S) An onion, Allium cepa. 2 Any bulbous or tuberous root. 3 fig. The root of the tongue. 4 That part of the pōḷī or honeycomb which contains the honey. 5 A tax on onions grown on Government-grounds.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaṇḍa (कंड).—f The itch. Fig. An itching (for fight &c.).

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kanda (कंद).—m A bulbous root, root.

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kāṇḍa (कांड).—n The trunk or stem of a tree. A chapter. An internodation, the in- cluded portion between two joints.

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kāndā (कांदा).—m Any bulbous root. An onion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kanda (कन्द).—1 A bulbous root.

2) A bulb; किं कन्दाः कन्दरेभ्यः प्रलयमुपगताः (kiṃ kandāḥ kandarebhyaḥ pralayamupagatāḥ) Bh.3.69; (fig. also); ज्ञानकन्द (jñānakanda).

3) Garlic.

4) A knot, swelling.

5) An affection of the male or female organ.

-daḥ 1 A cloud.

2) Comphor.

Derivable forms: kandaḥ (कन्दः), kandam (कन्दम्).

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Kāṇḍa (काण्ड).—1 A section, a part in general.

2) The portion of a plant from one knot to another. काण्डात्काण्ड- त्प्ररोहन्ती (kāṇḍātkāṇḍa- tprarohantī) Mahānār.4.3.

3) A stem, stock, branch; लीलोत्खातमृणालकाण्डकवलच्छेदे (līlotkhātamṛṇālakāṇḍakavalacchede) U.3.16; Amaru.95; Ms. 1.46,48, Māl.3.34.

4) Any division of a work, such as a chapter of a book; as the seven Kāṇḍas of the Rām.

5) A separate department or subject; e. g. कर्म° (karma°) &c.

6) A cluster, bundle, multitude.

7) An arrow. मनो दृष्टिगतं कृत्वा ततः काण्डं विसर्जयेत् (mano dṛṣṭigataṃ kṛtvā tataḥ kāṇḍaṃ visarjayet) Dhanur.3; Mb.5.155.7.

8) A long bone, a bone of the arms or legs.

9) cane, reed.

1) A stick, staff.

11) Water. निवृत्ताः काण्डचित्राणि क्रियन्ते दाशबन्धुभिः (nivṛttāḥ kāṇḍacitrāṇi kriyante dāśabandhubhiḥ) Rām.2.89.18.

12) Opportunity, occasion.

13) Private place.

14) A kind of measure.

15) Praise, flattery.

16) A horse.

17) Vile, bad, sinful (at the end of comp. only).

-ṇḍī A little stock or stem; Rāj. T.7.117.

Derivable forms: kāṇḍaḥ (काण्डः), kāṇḍam (काण्डम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaṇḍa (कण्ड).—(?) , m. or nt. (either false reading, as Senart assumes, or MIndic, = Pali id., for Sanskrit kāṇḍa), arrow: Mahāvastu ii.82.14, 15, mss. kaṇṭho, once kantho; 18 v.l. kaṇḍāto; Senart reads kāṇḍ- always, with both mss. ii.82.17; 83.8, and one in 82.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanda (कन्द).—mn.

(-ndaḥ-ndaṃ) 1. A bulbous or tuberous root. 2. One of an esculent sort, (Arum campanulatum.) 3. Garlic. m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. An affection of the feminine organ, considered as a fleshy excrescence, but apparently prolapsus uteri. E. kadi to wet, &c. ac affix, kaṃ water, and to give.

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Kāṇḍa (काण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. A stalk or stem. 2. The part of the trunk of a tree whence the branches proceed. 3. A cluster, a clump. 4. An arrow. 5. Opportunity, season. 6. Water. 7. A kind of reed, (Saccharum sara.) 8. A multitude, a heap, a quantity. 9. A horse. 10. A chapter, a section. 11. The part in a sacrifice appropriated to different objects, as the gods or manes. 12. A long bone, a bone of the extremities. 13. Praise, flattery. 14. Private, privacy. 15. Low, vile, bad. 16. Sinful, wicked. E. kan to shine, &c. ḍa Unadi affix, and the radical vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kanda (कन्द).—m. A bulbous root, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 161.

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Kāṇḍa (काण्ड).—m. and n. 1. The part of a plant from one joint to another (ved.). 2. A slip, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 46. 3. A stalk, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 15. 4. A switch, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 89, 19 (97, 24 Gorr.). 5. An arrow, [Hitopadeśa] 85, 5. 6. The section of a book, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 24, 9; [Rāmāyaṇa] (title of the first, of the second book, etc.); e. g. āraṇyaka-, The section comprising the sojourn in the forest (title of the third book). 7. A bone, [Suśruta] 2, 31, 5. 8. A multitude, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 43; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 15 (corr. kāṇḍa for kaṇḍa).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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