Pankti, Paṅkti, Pamkti: 22 definitions


Pankti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—A metre: a Chandas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 21. 41; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 72; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 65. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing ten syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

2) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“The metre which has in its feet of six syllables the first three syllables and the sixth long, is paṅkti”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Paṅkti is one of the seven prominent metres mentioned by Piṅgala as being associated with the Devatā (deity): Varuṇa, Svara (note): Pañcana, Colour: blue and Gotra (family): Bhārgava.

2) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Paṅkti corresponds to Kuntalatanvī (according to Bharata) as well as Akṣaropapadā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Paṅkti) in 20 verses.

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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) refers to “spacing or center distance (relative unit of measurement for establishing the proportions of the maṇḍapa ) §§ 2.3; 4.9, 13 ...”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) refers to a “row” (i.e., the row of teeth), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] The four groups of four are said to be, the one which begins with the first (letters) (A to Ī), the fifth (letters) (U to -), the ninth (letters) (ŀ to AI), and the thirteenth (O to Až). The first group of four on the face is, along with the two cheeks, on the forehead and chin. Your second (group of four) is on the left, right, west, and east. The third deposition, that of the vowels, is at the beginning and end with the two eyes. The fourth set of four is in the row of teeth  [i.e., danta-paṅkti] (below) and above”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) refers to a “party of diners”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] That Brāhmin Jyotiṣaka who has mastered both the text and the purpose of the entire science deserves to be respected and fed first on occasions of Śrāddha and he purifies the party of diners [i.e., paṅkti-pāvana]. Even the Mlecchas and the Yavanas (Greeks) who have well-studied the science are respected as Ṛṣis. Such being the case, if the Jyotiṣaka should happen to be a Brāhmin, who will deny him respect?”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) represents the number 10 (ten) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 10—paṅkti] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘dhvaja’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., paṅkti) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paṅkti.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘ten’. Note: paṅkti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṅkti (पंक्ति).—f (S) A line, row, rank, range. 2 A row of people sitting down at a meal: hence society, companionship, fellowship, brotherhood; or a body, a company, a sodality, an association. Ex. tyālā paṅktīsa ghētalēṃ; paṅktīntūna kāḍhalēṃ; āpalē paṅktīcē gṛhasthāsīṃ sōīragata karāvī. paṅktīcā Fit to be associated with. 2 Relating to a company or body.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṅkti (पंक्ति).—f A line, row. A row of people sitting down at a meal. Society, companionship. A body, a company. paṅktīcā Fit to be associated with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—f. [pañc vistāre ktin]

1) A line, row, range, series; दृश्येत चारुपदपङ्क्तिरलक्तकाङ्का (dṛśyeta cārupadapaṅktiralaktakāṅkā) V.4.16; पक्ष्मपङ्क्तिः (pakṣmapaṅktiḥ) R. 2.19; अलिपङ्क्तिः (alipaṅktiḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.15; सहस्रधात्मा व्यरुचद्विभक्त पयोमुचां पङ्क्तिषु विद्युतेव (sahasradhātmā vyarucadvibhakta payomucāṃ paṅktiṣu vidyuteva) R.6.5.

5) A group, collection, flock, troop.

3) A row of people (of the same caste) sitting down to a meal, a company or party at dinner of the same caste; cf. पङ्क्तिपावन (paṅktipāvana) below.

4) The living generation

5) The earth.

6) Fame, celebrity.

7) A collection of five, or the number 'five'.

8) The number 'ten' as in पङ्क्तिरथ, पङ्क्तिग्रीव (paṅktiratha, paṅktigrīva).

9) Cooking; maturing,

1) A company of persons of the same tribe.

11) A sort of fivefold metre.

Derivable forms: paṅktiḥ (पङ्क्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—f. (-ṅktiḥ-ṅktī) 1. A line, a row or range. 2. A sort of metre, a stanza of four lines, each line consisting of ten syllables. 3. The number “ten,” (in composition, ut infra.) 4. The earth. 5. Fame, celebrity. 6. Cooking, maturing. 7. Associating with, eating or sitting with, especially with persons of the same caste. 8. A company, a society, an assembly. E. paci to spread, to extended, to make evident, and ktin aff. or pac to cook, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—paṅktī (akin to pañcan), f. The number five, samara-bāṇa-, The five arrows of the god of love, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 525. 2. A sort of metre, consisting of four times ten syllables. 3. The number ten, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 99. 4. A line, a row, [Pañcatantra] 182, 16. 5. A multitude, a flock, Mārk. P. 43, 9. 6. A company, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 183.

Paṅkti can also be spelled as Paṅktī (पङ्क्ती).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—[feminine] a set or row of five; group, troop, assembly, party; a kind of metre.

--- OR ---

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति).—[feminine] a set or row of five; group, troop, assembly, party; a kind of metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति):—f. (also ktī mc. and in [compound]) ([from] pañcan) a row or set or collection of five, the number 5 [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) a sort of five fold metre consisting of 5 Pādas of 8 syllables each, [ib.]

3) any stanza of 4 x 10 syllables, [Colebrooke] (= chandas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

4) the number 10 [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] (cf. -grīva etc. below)

5) any row or set or series or number, a group, collection, flock, troop, assembly, company (e.g. of persons eating together or belonging to the same caste), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [wrong reading] for pakti q.v.

8) Paṅktī (पङ्क्ती):—[from paṅkti] for paṅkti in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति):—(ṅktiḥ) 2. f. A line or row; the earth; fame; cooking; associating with; a society.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paṅkti (पङ्क्ति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃti, Paṃtiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pankti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pankti in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a line; row; file; rank; queue; ~[baddha] arranged in a line or row; queued up; hence •[ta] (nf); —[banana] to fall in..—pankti (पंक्ति) is alternatively transliterated as Paṃkti.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃkti (ಪಂಕ್ತಿ):—

1) [noun] a number of people or things arranged so as to form a line; a row; a file.

2) [noun] a group, flock, herd, multitude or troop.

3) [noun] people sitting down in a row for taking meals.

4) [noun] any of a series of such horizontal lines in parallel, as of seats in a theatre or airplane, lines of plants in a field, etc.

5) [noun] a row of written or printed characters extending across or part way across a page; a line.

6) [noun] a single row of words or characters making up a unit of poetry, often, of a specified number of feet.

7) [noun] fame; reputation; renown.

8) [noun] a group, set or row of five.

9) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number five.

10) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number ten.

11) [noun] (pros.) a class of meters having ten syllables in each line.

12) [noun] a Vedic metre having five lines of eight syllables each.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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