Jayanti, aka: Jayantī; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jayanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Jayantī) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

She is also known by the name Kampanī, according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā.

2) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—The name for a ‘sacred site’ associated with the group of eight deities (mātṛ) born from Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

3) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Jayantī-pītha is connected with the goddess Jvālāmukhī.

4) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Another name for Ajitā, the Sanskrit name for one of the thirty-two goddesses of the Somamaṇḍala, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ जयन्त्यै नमः
oṃ jayantyai namaḥ.

A similar mantra is mentioned by the same text, prefixed with ह्रीं (hrīṃ), to be worshipped at the goddess’s right.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jayanti in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Jayantī (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Jayantī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—A holy place on the bank of the river Sarasvatī. There is a tīrtha (bath) here known as Somatīrtha. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 83, Stanza 19 that those who bathe in this tīrtha would obtain the fruits of the sacrifice of Rājasūya. (Imperial consecration). (See full article at Story of Jayantī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—Daughter of Indra and sister of Jayanta. In Bhāgavata, Skandha 4, there is a story stating how Jayantī was the wife of Śukra for ten years.

3) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—The queen of the King Ṛṣabha who was born in the dynasty of King Agnīdhra. Hundred children were born to Ṛṣabha of Jayantī (See under Ṛṣabha II).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—Bestowed by Indra in marriage to Ṛṣabha. Mother of a hundred sons among whom was Bharata.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 8-9.

1b) The night on which Kṛṣṇa was born.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 205; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 201.

1c) Daughter of Indra, sent by her father for the service of Śukra during his Dhūmravrata for 1000 years; rendered him services; pleased with her Śukra lived with her for ten years, as her husband;1 the result of this was the birth of Devayānī.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 150, 156; 73. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 149; 98. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 114-88; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 86.

1d) The wife of Vṛṣabharāga and daughter of Kāśī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 26.

2) Jayanti (जयन्ति).—A goddess enshrined at Hastināpura; a mother-goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28; 179. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 153.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Sanskrit word meaning “Barley” (Hordeum vulgare).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Jayanti in Jainism glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the mother of Maṇḍana: the seventh Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of Jayantī and Maṇḍana are narrated in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the mother of Akampita: the eighth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Akampita) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Jayantī.—(EI 9, IA 26), the twelfth tithi; the 12th tithi of a lunar month joined with the Punarvasu nakṣatra. Note: jayantī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Jayanti in Marathi glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jayantī (जयंती).—f (S) A tree, Ӕschinomene sesban. Of its fruit (jayantīphala) are made māḷā or wreaths.

--- OR ---

jayantī (जयंती).—f (S) The day, or the anniversary of it, on which the Hindu deity assumed an incarnation. Ten such are reckoned: viz. maccha-kūrma-varāha-nara- siṃha-vāmana-paraśurāma-rāma-kṛṣṇa-bauddha-kalkī-ja0.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jayantī (जयंती).—f The day on which the hindu deity assumed an incarnation or the an- niversary of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayanti (जयन्ति) or Jayantī (जयन्ती).—A synonym of the balance-post; तुलादण्डो जयन्ती च फलकाः पर्यायवाचकाः (tulādaṇḍo jayantī ca phalakāḥ paryāyavācakāḥ) Māna.16.48.

Derivable forms: jayantiḥ (जयन्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayantī (जयन्ती).—(see also Jentī), n. of a devakumārikā in the [Page239-a+ 71] eastern quarter: LV 388.9; and so Senart in Mv iii.306.8, but his defective mss. lack it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Indra
Indra (इन्द्र).—m. (-ndraḥ) 1. The deity presiding over Swarga or the Hindu paradise, and the s...
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