Jayanti, Jayantī: 25 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jayanti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Jayantī) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

She is also known by the name Kampanī, according to the Gorakṣa-saṃhitā.

2) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—The name for a ‘sacred site’ associated with the group of eight deities (mātṛ) born from Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

3) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Jayantī-pītha is connected with the goddess Jvālāmukhī.

4) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Another name for Ajitā, the Sanskrit name for one of the thirty-two goddesses of the Somamaṇḍala, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the kubjikāmata-tantra.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Jayantī (जयन्ती) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Prayāga is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Jvālāmukhī accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Mahāpreta. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the khaḍga and their abode is the nimba-tree. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ जयन्त्यै नमः
oṃ jayantyai namaḥ.

A similar mantra is mentioned by the same text, prefixed with ह्रीं (hrīṃ), to be worshipped at the goddess’s right.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayantī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Jayantī (जयन्ती) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Jayantī]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Jayantī (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Jayantī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—A holy place on the bank of the river Sarasvatī. There is a tīrtha (bath) here known as Somatīrtha. It is mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 83, Stanza 19 that those who bathe in this tīrtha would obtain the fruits of the sacrifice of Rājasūya. (Imperial consecration). (See full article at Story of Jayantī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—Daughter of Indra and sister of Jayanta. In Bhāgavata, Skandha 4, there is a story stating how Jayantī was the wife of Śukra for ten years.

3) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—The queen of the King Ṛṣabha who was born in the dynasty of King Agnīdhra. Hundred children were born to Ṛṣabha of Jayantī (See under Ṛṣabha II).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Satī and then Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] the great goddess Śivā is of the three natures. Śivā became Satī and Śiva married her. At the sacrifice of her father she cast off her body which she did not take again and went back to her own region. Śivā incarnated as Pārvatī at the request of the Devas. It was after performing a severe penance that she could attain Śiva again. Śivā came to be called by various names [such as Jayantī,...]. These various names confer worldly pleasures and salvation according to qualities and action. The name Pārvatī is very common.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jayantī (जयन्ती).—Bestowed by Indra in marriage to Ṛṣabha. Mother of a hundred sons among whom was Bharata.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 8-9.

1b) The night on which Kṛṣṇa was born.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 205; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 201.

1c) Daughter of Indra, sent by her father for the service of Śukra during his Dhūmravrata for 1000 years; rendered him services; pleased with her Śukra lived with her for ten years, as her husband;1 the result of this was the birth of Devayānī.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 150, 156; 73. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 149; 98. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 114-88; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 86.

1d) The wife of Vṛṣabharāga and daughter of Kāśī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 26.

2) Jayanti (जयन्ति).—A goddess enshrined at Hastināpura; a mother-goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 28; 179. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 153.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order.

Jayantī is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Balāmoṭā, Haritā, Jayā, Vijayā, Sūkṣmamūlā, Vikrāntā and Aparājitā.

Properties and characteristics: “Jayantī is known for its effectiveness in goitre (galagaṇḍa). It is pungent, bitter, hot and quells vitiated vāta. It clears the throat. The black (kṛṣṇa) coloured variety of Jayantī is considered rejuvenative. It is also supposed as Bhūtaghni”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Jayantī (जयन्ती):—Sanskrit word meaning “Barley” (Hordeum vulgare).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jayantī).

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Jayantī (जयन्ती) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Jayantī] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Jayantī is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Prasannāsyā accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Trijaṭa. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the vajra and śṛṅkhala and their abode (residence) is mentioned as being a divine place.

Note: In the Kubjikāmatatantra, Jayantī is presided over by Devī Jvālāmukhī and the Kṣetrapāla named Mahāpreta. Their weapon is the khaḍga and their abode is the nimba-tree

Source: academia.edu: Holy Sites in Buddhist Saṃvara Cycle

Jayantī (जयन्ती) refers to one of the sixty-four inner channels running through the nirmāṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Nirmāṇacakra is an inner circle of the shape of a lotus with sixty-four petals. This inner circle is visualized in one’s abdomen. The inner channels [viz., Jayantī] run through the petals of these inner circles.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the mother of Maṇḍana: the seventh Baladeva according to Śvetāmbara sources. Jain legends describe nine such Baladevas (“gentle heroes”) usually appearing together with their “violent” twin-brothers known as the Vāsudevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of Jayantī and Maṇḍana are narrated in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the eastern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Jayantī], living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains, came in chariots rivaling the mind (in speed) as it were. After bowing to the Master and to Marudevā and announcing themselves as before, singing auspicious songs, they stood in front, holding mirrors. [...].”.

Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Jayantī].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).

2) Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the southern row), according to chapter 1.3.—Accordingly,

“[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Nami made fifty cities on the mountain in a southern row [viz., Jayantī]. Nami himself lived in Śrīrathanūpuracakravāla, the capital city among these cities. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Jayantī] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Jayantī (जयन्ती) is the mother of Akampita: the eighth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Akampita) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jayantī.—(EI 9, IA 26), the twelfth tithi; the 12th tithi of a lunar month joined with the Punarvasu nakṣatra. Note: jayantī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jayantī (जयंती).—f (S) A tree, Ӕschinomene sesban. Of its fruit (jayantīphala) are made māḷā or wreaths.

--- OR ---

jayantī (जयंती).—f (S) The day, or the anniversary of it, on which the Hindu deity assumed an incarnation. Ten such are reckoned: viz. maccha-kūrma-varāha-nara- siṃha-vāmana-paraśurāma-rāma-kṛṣṇa-bauddha-kalkī-ja0.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jayantī (जयंती).—f The day on which the hindu deity assumed an incarnation or the an- niversary of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayanti (जयन्ति) or Jayantī (जयन्ती).—A synonym of the balance-post; तुलादण्डो जयन्ती च फलकाः पर्यायवाचकाः (tulādaṇḍo jayantī ca phalakāḥ paryāyavācakāḥ) Māna.16.48.

Derivable forms: jayantiḥ (जयन्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jayantī (जयन्ती).—(see also Jentī), name of a devakumārikā in the [Page239-a+ 71] eastern quarter: Lalitavistara 388.9; and so Senart in Mahāvastu iii.306.8, but his defective mss. lack it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jayantī (जयन्ती):—[from jayanta > jaya] a f. a flag, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Sesbania aegyptiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] barley planted at the commencement of the Daśa-harā and gathered at its close, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] Kṛṣṇa’s birthnight (the 8th of the dark half of Śrāvaṇa, the asterism Rohiṇī rising at midnight, [Tithyāditya]), [Harivaṃśa 3320]

5) [v.s. ...] the 9th night of the Karma-māsa, [Sūryaprajñapti]

6) [v.s. ...] the 12th night of month Punar-vasu, [Nirṇayasindhu i, 391/392]

7) [v.s. ...] Durgā, Dākṣāyaṇī (in Hastinā-pura, [Matsya-purāṇa xiii, 28]; tutelary deity of the Vasūdrekas, [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 18, 21])

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of Ṛṣabha’s wife (received from Indra), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 4, 8; Matsya-purāṇa vl, 26]

10) [v.s. ...] of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi ii, 1, 741]

11) [v.s. ...] of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension] Concl.

12) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata iii, 5089]

13) [v.s. ...] of a country, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii, 655]

14) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Vīracarita ix.]

15) [from jaya] b f. of ta q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jayanti in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: