Tamracuda, Tamra-cuda, Tāmracūḍa, Tāmracūḍā: 10 definitions


Tamracuda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tamrachuda.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड, “copper-crest”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Tāmra-cuḍa (red-crest, i.e. cock) : the forefinger of the Mukula hand is bent. Usage: cock etc., crane (baka), camel, calf, writing or drawing.

According to another text: the thumb and little finger of the Patāka hand are pressed together. Of old, when the Three Vedas assumed a visible form, and stood before Brahmā to make expositionof themselves, they used this hand. Its sage is Vajrāyudha (Indra), its colour mother of pearl, its race Deva, its patron deity Bṛhaspati. Usage: the Three Worlds, trident, the numberthree, wiping away tears, the Three Vedas, wood-apple leaf, rubbing down a horse, leaf, panel (phalaka), cock, Deva race, white colour.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ūrṇanābha (ताम्रचूड, “copper-crest”, i.e. cock).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The middle finger and the thumb crossed, the fore-finger bent, the remaining [two fingers] at the palm.

(Uses): It should fall down with a sound to represent rebuke, beating time, inspiring confidence, quickness, and making signs. This hand is also to be used to indicate small fractions of time such as Kalā, Kāṣṭhā, Nimeṣa and Kṣaṇa as well as talking to a young girl and inviting her.When the fingers in a hand are close to one another, bent and the thumb is set on them, the same is also called the Tāmracūḍa hand.

By this hand are to be indicated hundred, thousand and lac of gold coins, and when the fingers in it are suddenly made to move freely it will represent sparks or drops.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tamracuda in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tāmracūḍā (ताम्रचूडा).—A female follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 18, Chapter 46, Anuśāsana Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Tāmracūḍī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Tāmracūḍa] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Tamracuda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—a cock; संध्याचूडैर- निबिडतमस्ताम्रचूडैरुडूनि । प्रासूयन्त स्फुटमधिवियद्भाण्डमण्डानि यानि (saṃdhyācūḍaira- nibiḍatamastāmracūḍairuḍūni | prāsūyanta sphuṭamadhiviyadbhāṇḍamaṇḍāni yāni) || Rām. Ch.6.96;7.56.

Derivable forms: tāmracūḍaḥ (ताम्रचूडः).

Tāmracūḍa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tāmra and cūḍa (चूड).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—m.

(-ḍaḥ) A cock. E. tāmra, and cūḍā a crest. tāmrā raktā cūḍā yasya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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