Tamracuda, Tamra-cuda, Tāmracūḍa, Tāmracūḍā: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Tamracuda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tamrachuda.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड, “copper-crest”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Tāmra-cuḍa (red-crest, i.e. cock) : the forefinger of the Mukula hand is bent. Usage: cock etc., crane (baka), camel, calf, writing or drawing.

According to another text: the thumb and little finger of the Patāka hand are pressed together. Of old, when the Three Vedas assumed a visible form, and stood before Brahmā to make expositionof themselves, they used this hand. Its sage is Vajrāyudha (Indra), its colour mother of pearl, its race Deva, its patron deity Bṛhaspati. Usage: the Three Worlds, trident, the numberthree, wiping away tears, the Three Vedas, wood-apple leaf, rubbing down a horse, leaf, panel (phalaka), cock, Deva race, white colour.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) refers to “copper-crest” (i.e. cock).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The middle finger and the thumb crossed, the fore-finger bent, the remaining [two fingers] at the palm.

(Uses): It should fall down with a sound to represent rebuke, beating time, inspiring confidence, quickness, and making signs. This hand is also to be used to indicate small fractions of time such as Kalā, Kāṣṭhā, Nimeṣa and Kṣaṇa as well as talking to a young girl and inviting her.When the fingers in a hand are close to one another, bent and the thumb is set on them, the same is also called the Tāmracūḍa hand.

By this hand are to be indicated hundred, thousand and lac of gold coins, and when the fingers in it are suddenly made to move freely it will represent sparks or drops.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tamracuda in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tāmracūḍā (ताम्रचूडा).—A female follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 18, Chapter 46, Anuśāsana Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Tamracuda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) refers to a Cock (i.e., Rooster, lit., “red-crested one”), mentioned in verse 4.20-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow, pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever, throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles, gravel, and impotence. Cock [viz., tāmracūḍa], arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.

Note: Tāmracūḍa (“red-crested one, cock”) has been paraphrased by khyim-bya (“domestic cock, rooster”). As the food is meant in this case, the Tibetans have inserted śa (“meat”).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) (lit. “one who is red-crested”) is a synonym (another name) for the Kukkuṭa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) also refers to the Ceylon jungle fowl (Gallus lafayetii [lafayettii?/lagayatti?]).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Tāmracūḍī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Tāmracūḍa] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tamracuda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—a cock; संध्याचूडैर- निबिडतमस्ताम्रचूडैरुडूनि । प्रासूयन्त स्फुटमधिवियद्भाण्डमण्डानि यानि (saṃdhyācūḍaira- nibiḍatamastāmracūḍairuḍūni | prāsūyanta sphuṭamadhiviyadbhāṇḍamaṇḍāni yāni) || Rām. Ch.6.96;7.56.

Derivable forms: tāmracūḍaḥ (ताम्रचूडः).

Tāmracūḍa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tāmra and cūḍa (चूड).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—m.

(-ḍaḥ) A cock. E. tāmra, and cūḍā a crest. tāmrā raktā cūḍā yasya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—I. adj. having a red cock’s comb. Ii. m. 1. a cock. 2. a proper name. Pañcacūḍa, i. e.

Tāmracūḍa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tāmra and cūḍa (चूड).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड).—[adjective] red-crested; [masculine] cock.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड):—[=tāmra-cūḍa] [from tāmra] mfn. red-crested (a cock), [Mahābhārata iii, ix]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a cock, [Suśruta iv, vi; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxxviii, 44; Daśakumāra-carita]

3) [v.s. ...] Blumea lacera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = daka, [Purāṇa-sarvasva; Mantramahodadhi xix]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Pari-vrājaka, [Pañcatantra ii, 1, 0/1]

6) Tāmracūḍā (ताम्रचूडा):—[=tāmra-cūḍā] [from tāmra-cūḍa > tāmra] f. Name of one of the mothers attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2636]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmracūḍa (ताम्रचूड):—[tāmra-cūḍa] (ḍaḥ) 1. m. A cock.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tamracuda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tamracuda in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tāmracūḍa (ತಾಮ್ರಚೂಡ):—

1) [noun] that which has a red crest; a rooster.

2) [noun] a single-hand gesture with the slightly bent forefinger raised up and other fingers being bent into the palm and the thumb placed on them. used in beckoning children in rebuke or to indicate the measure of time in music, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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