Mrittika, Mṛttikā, Mṛttika: 10 definitions


Mrittika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛttikā and Mṛttika can be transliterated into English as Mrttika or Mrittika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका) refers to “good clay” or “earth” as defined in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Mṛttikā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to clay derived from wet earth.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका, ‘clay’) is mentioned in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas.

Source: Tamil Arts Academy: Hinduism

Mṛttika is soil, most suited for cultivating paddy, vegetables and other grains, generally with good earth that could be ploughed. In all auspicious functions it is customary to bring from the river bed or anthills and use for sowing grains, Pālikai which sprout quickly as a symbol of fertility. This rite of bringing fertile earth, called Mṛt Sangrahana is performed in all marriage functions . Thus Mṛttika stands for fertile soil, cultivable land. It is called in Tamil Literature as Marutam. The people occupying such lands have settled life and are engaged in cultivation and the lands are also called Nādu.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛttikā (मृत्तिका).—f (S) Earth. 2 Any particular earth. Seven kinds of earth are enumerated as necessary in certain anuṣṭhāna or śāntikarma (propitiatory observances); viz. aśvamṛttikā, gaja -ratha -catuṣpatha -gōṣṭha- valmīka-ṛhada or saṅgama-mṛttikā; or, according to another catalogue, gōṣṭha -vēdikā -kitava -sthāna -ṛhada -karṣitakṣētra- catuṣpatha -śmaśāna -mṛttikā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛttikā (मृत्तिका).—f Earth. mṛttikā hōṇēṃ Be reduced to dust; be destroyed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका).—[mṛd tikan ṭāp]

1) Clay, earth; Ms.2.182.

2) Fresh earth.

3) A kind of fragrant earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛttikā (मृत्तिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. Earth, clay, soil. 2. A fragrant earth. E. mṛt earth and tikan pleonastic addition, fem. aff. ṭāp .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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