Shavaka, Savaka, Sāvaka, Śāvaka: 14 definitions



Shavaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāvaka can be transliterated into English as Savaka or Shavaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shavak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śāvaka (शावक) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Gandhamādana mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsLiterally, "hearer." A disciple of the Buddha, especially a noble disciple (see ariya puggala.)Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'hearer', i.e. 'disciple', refers, in a restricted sense (then mostly ariya-sāvaka, 'noble disciple'), only to the 8 kinds of noble disciples (ariya-puggala).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shavaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāvaka : (m.) a hearer; a disciple.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāvaka, (fr. śru) a hearer, disciple (never an Arahant) D. I, 164; II, 104; III, 47, 52, 120 sq. , 133; A. I, 88; M. I, 234; S. II, 26; It. 75 sq. , 79; J. I, 229; Vism. 214, 411.—fem. sāvikā D. II, 105; III, 123; Th. 2, 335; S. IV, 379; A. I, 25, 88. (Cp. ariya-°, agga-°, mahā).

—saṅgha the congregation of the eight Aryas M. II, 120; S. I, 220 (cattāri purisayugāni aṭṭha purisapuggalā); II, 79 sq.; It. 88. (Page 707)

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Savaka, see saṃ. (Page 699)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāvaka (शावक).—m A young one of an animal.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāvaka (शावक).—The young of any animal.

Derivable forms: śāvakaḥ (शावकः).

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Sāvaka (सावक).—a. (-vikā f.) Productive, generative, causing birth, obstetric.

-kaḥ The young of an animal; (for śāvaka q. v.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāvaka (शावक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The young of any animal. E. śāva, and kan added.

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Sāvaka (सावक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-vikā-kaṃ) 1. Generative, productive, causing birth, parturient, &c. 2. Obstetric. f.

(-vikā) A midwife. m.

(-kaḥ) The young of any animal, (in this sense for śāvaka .) E. ṣū to bear young, causal form, ṣun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāvaka (शावक).—[śāva + ka], m. The young of any animal [Hitopadeśa] 39, 4, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāvaka (शावक).—[masculine] = 1 śāva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāvaka (शावक):—[from śāva] m. the young of any animal, [Kāvya literature] (rarely applied to human beings e.g. in muni-ś, a young Brāhman), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hitopadeśa etc.]

2) Sāvaka (सावक):—1. sāvaka mf(ikā)n. ([from] √2. su or 2. ) one who has brought forth a child, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) generative, productive, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) parturient, [ib.]

5) m. the young of an animal (or for śāvaka), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) 2. sāvaka mf(ā)n. grown or covered over with the plant Blyxa Octandra, [Lāṭyāyana]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śāvaka (शावक):—m. = 1. śāva [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 38.] kari [2, 8, 2, 3.] kuraṅga [Spr. (II) 1134.] mṛga [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 48, 13.] [Caurapañcāśikā 26.] mūṣika [Hitopadeśa 113, 6.] pakṣi [18, 10. 19, 19.] baka [111, 20.] śuka [Spr. 2981.] pika [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 107.] muni (śābaka gedr.) Brahmanenknabe [Oxforder Handschriften 17,b, No. 63, Z. 4 v. u.]

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Sāvaka (सावक):—1. (von su) [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 65, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 5.]

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Sāvaka (सावक):—2. (2. sa + avakā) adj. (f. ā) mit Blyxa octandra belegt [LĀṬY. 3, 5, 13.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 12, 3, 11.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shavaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śāvaka (शावक) [Also spelled shavak]:—(nm) young one of an animal.

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