Manmatha, aka: Manmathā, Mānmatha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Manmatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1) Manmatha (मन्मथ).—(Kāma); God of Love;1 on the third Parva of the Geyacakra;2 recreated by Lalitā, who said he was her son; went to Śiva's abode accompanied by his friend Vasanta.3 Got burnt by Śiva and in effecting his revival Māyavatī (Ratī) deluded Śambara by her charms; she brought up Pradyumna who was a part of the Love God.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 118. 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 67.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 30. 46.
  • 4) VI. V. 27. 28-30.

2) Manmathā (मन्मथा).—A goddess enshrined at Hemakūṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 50.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vastushastra (architecture)

Manmatha (मन्मथ).—Sculptures of Manmatha and Rati are found at many temples in the region. They are the representations of love and sexual pleasure. Their grace is supposed to be necessary for the fulfillment of the third Puruṣārtha of a man i.e. Kāma, according to the Hindu tradition. Therefore, for gaining satkāma (love and lust in the right path) they are worshipped.

The sculptures of this couple are found in many temples, especially in the Śaiva temples. Texts prescribe that the sculptures of Manamtha and Rati should be carved with great luster and ornamentation. They are shown as two-handed. Manmatha holds the bow made of sugarcane in his left hand and the arrows made of five flowers in his right. He must be shown as embracing his wife in the left hand. Rati must be depicted as a young lady with a voluptuous body. She should be decked with various ornaments. The mount of Manmatha is the parrot.

(Source): Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Manmatha (मन्मथ) refers to the twenty-ninth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘manmatha’, the native is adorned with ornament of special kind, gets sensuous pleasure with woman, is sweet-spoken, always remains engaged in singing and dancing and is voluptuous (one who enjoys the pleasures of the senses).

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year manmatha (2015-2016 AD) will have a craving for sensual enjoyment and will be victorious over his foes.

(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Kavya (poetry)

Manmatha (मन्मथ) was the grandfather of Maṅkhaka (or Maṅkha or Maṅkhuka): the author of the the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita and the Maṅkhakośa.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

manmatha (मन्मथ).—m (S Stirrer or agitater of the heart.) A name of the Hindu Cupid.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manmatha (मन्मथ).—m A name of the Hindu Cupid.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manmatha (मन्मथ).—

1) Cupid, the god of love; मन्मथो मां मथ्नन्निजनाम सान्वयं करोति (manmatho māṃ mathnannijanāma sānvayaṃ karoti) Dk.1; Me.75; न मन्मथस्त्वं स हि नास्ति- मूर्तिः (na manmathastvaṃ sa hi nāsti- mūrtiḥ) N. 8.29.

2) Love, passion; प्रबोध्यते सुप्त इवाद्य मान्मथः (prabodhyate supta ivādya mānmathaḥ) Ṛs.1.8; so परोक्षमन्मथः जनः (parokṣamanmathaḥ janaḥ) Ś.2.19.

3) The wood apple.

4) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara).

-thā Name of Dākṣāyaṇī. -a. Enchanting, attractive; साक्षान्मन्मथमन्मथः (sākṣānmanmathamanmathaḥ) Bhāg. 1.32.2.

Derivable forms: manmathaḥ (मन्मथः).

--- OR ---

Mānmatha (मान्मथ).—a. (-thī f.) [मन्मथ-अण (manmatha-aṇa)] Relating to or caused by love; आचार्यकं विजयि मान्मथमाविरासीत् (ācāryakaṃ vijayi mānmathamāvirāsīt) Māl.1.16;2.4.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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