Manmatha, Manmathā, Mānmatha: 18 definitions
Manmatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Manmath.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Manmatha (मन्मथ) is the one of the names of Kāma, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3.—“[...] The Brahmins Marīci and others, my sons, decided on suitable names for the Being and said thus”. The sages said:—“Since at your nativity itself you have begun to torment and bedevil our minds and that of Brahmā too, you will be famous in the world as Manmatha”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Manmatha (मन्मथ).—(Kāma); God of Love;1 on the third Parva of the Geyacakra;2 recreated by Lalitā, who said he was her son; went to Śiva's abode accompanied by his friend Vasanta.3 Got burnt by Śiva and in effecting his revival Māyavatī (Ratī) deluded Śambara by her charms; she brought up Pradyumna who was a part of the Love God.4
2) Manmathā (मन्मथा).—A goddess enshrined at Hemakūṭa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 50.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Manmatha (मन्मथ).—Sculptures of Manmatha and Rati are found at many temples in the region. They are the representations of love and sexual pleasure. Their grace is supposed to be necessary for the fulfillment of the third Puruṣārtha of a man i.e. Kāma, according to the Hindu tradition. Therefore, for gaining satkāma (love and lust in the right path) they are worshipped.
The sculptures of this couple are found in many temples, especially in the Śaiva temples. Texts prescribe that the sculptures of Manamtha and Rati should be carved with great luster and ornamentation. They are shown as two-handed. Manmatha holds the bow made of sugarcane in his left hand and the arrows made of five flowers in his right. He must be shown as embracing his wife in the left hand. Rati must be depicted as a young lady with a voluptuous body. She should be decked with various ornaments. The mount of Manmatha is the parrot.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Manmatha (मन्मथ) refers to the twenty-ninth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘manmatha’, the native is adorned with ornament of special kind, gets sensuous pleasure with woman, is sweet-spoken, always remains engaged in singing and dancing and is voluptuous (one who enjoys the pleasures of the senses).
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year manmatha (2015-2016 AD) will have a craving for sensual enjoyment and will be victorious over his foes.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius
Manmatha (मन्मथ) was the grandfather of Maṅkhaka (or Maṅkha or Maṅkhuka): the author of the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita and the Maṅkhakośa.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Manmatha (मन्मथ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Manmatha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
manmatha (मन्मथ).—m (S Stirrer or agitater of the heart.) A name of the Hindu Cupid.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
manmatha (मन्मथ).—m A name of the Hindu Cupid.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Cupid, the god of love; मन्मथो मां मथ्नन्निजनाम सान्वयं करोति (manmatho māṃ mathnannijanāma sānvayaṃ karoti) Dk.1; Me.75; न मन्मथस्त्वं स हि नास्ति- मूर्तिः (na manmathastvaṃ sa hi nāsti- mūrtiḥ) N. 8.29.
2) Love, passion; प्रबोध्यते सुप्त इवाद्य मान्मथः (prabodhyate supta ivādya mānmathaḥ) Ṛs.1.8; so परोक्षमन्मथः जनः (parokṣamanmathaḥ janaḥ) Ś.2.19.
3) The wood apple.
4) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara).
-thā Name of Dākṣāyaṇī. -a. Enchanting, attractive; साक्षान्मन्मथमन्मथः (sākṣānmanmathamanmathaḥ) Bhāg. 1.32.2.
Derivable forms: manmathaḥ (मन्मथः).
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ).—a. (-thī f.) [मन्मथ-अण (manmatha-aṇa)] Relating to or caused by love; आचार्यकं विजयि मान्मथमाविरासीत् (ācāryakaṃ vijayi mānmathamāvirāsīt) Māl.1.16;2.4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thaḥ) 1. A name of Kama, the god of love. 2. Love, amorous passion or desire. 3. The elephant or wood-apple. E. mat the heart, math to agitate, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Manmatha (मन्मथ).— ([frequentative.] of manth + a), m. 1. A name of the god of love, [Pañcatantra] 216, 17. 2. Love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 27. 3. The elephant or wood-apple.
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ).—. i. e. manmatha + a, adj. Caused by love, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 41, 4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Manmatha (मन्मथ).—[masculine] love or the god of love (lit. the shaker or agitator).
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ).—[feminine] ī relating to love or the god of love.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Manmatha (मन्मथ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Kṣemaśarman (Kṣemakutūhala). W. p. 293.
2) Manmatha (मन्मथ):—father of Viśvāvarta, grandfather of Śṛṅgāra, Bhṛṅga, Alaṃkāra and Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 3, 31.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Manmatha (मन्मथ):—m. (either an [Intensive] form [from] √math, or [from] man = manas + matha, ‘agitating’; cf. mandeha and mandhātṛ) love or the god of love, amorous passion or desire (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) Feronia Elephantum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) the 29th (3rd) year in a 60 years' cycle of Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
4) Name of a physician and various other men, [Catalogue(s)]
5) Manmathā (मन्मथा):—[from manmatha] f. Name of Dākṣāyaṇī, [ib.]
6) Mānmatha (मान्मथ):—mf(ī)n. ([from] manmatha) relating to or concerning love, produced by love, filled with love etc., [Kāvya literature]
7) belonging to the god of l°, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Manmatha (मन्मथ):—[ma-nmatha] (thaḥ) 1. m. Kāma; wood-apple.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Manmatha (मन्मथ):—(von manth)
1) m. a) Geschlechtsliebe, der Liebesgott [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 20.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 199.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 227.] [Medinīkoṣa th. 22.] [Halāyudha 1, 32.] māṃ mathnātīva manmathaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 6555.] [Indralokāgamana 5, 3.] [Hiḍimbavadha 4, 32.] mānasaṃ kāminīnāṃ tudati kāmacāpo manmathoddīpanāya [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 27.] abhyupaśānta [1, 1.] janasya cittaṃ kriyate samanmatham verliebt [5.] prabodhyate supta ivādya manmathaḥ [8.] parokṣamanmatho janaḥ Nichts von Liebe wissend [Śākuntala 51.] madālokasaṃjātamanmathā [Kathāsaritsāgara 37, 101. 66, 40.] mayūrīṃ manmathāviṣṭām [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 79, 15.] sākṣādiva sthitaṃ mūrtyā manmathaṃ rūpasaṃpadā [Mahābhārata.3,2132.] [Meghadūta 72.] [Spr. 2518. 3713.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 53,22.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati ebend. 19,9.] [Pañcatantra 216,17.] [Oxforder Handschriften 97,b,6.] matanibarhaṇa [250,b,33.] sākṣānmanmathamanmathaḥ ein den Liebesgott aufregender Liebesgott [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 32, 2.] — b) Feronia elephantum Corr. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 1.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) Bez. des 29ten (5ten) Jahres im 60jährigen Jupitercyclus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.8,38.] [Oxforder Handschriften 331,b, No. 782.] Journ. of the Am. Or. [S. 6, 180.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Arztes, vollständig śrīnaravaidya (!) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 950.] —
2) f. ā Name der Dākṣāyaṇī auf dem Hemakūṭa [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,32.] — Vgl. mānmatha .
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ):—(von manmatha) adj. zur Geschlechtsliebe in Beziehung stehend, sie betreffend, durch sie hervorgerufen: vidhi [MĀLATĪM. 35, 5.] vikāra [Spr. 422.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 41, 4.] ācāryaka [Sāhityadarpana 54, 10.]
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ):—, maṇḍanakrama [Kathāsaritsāgara 86, 114.] dem Liebesgott gehörig: dhanurlatā [74, 217.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. — a) Geschlechtsliebe , der Liebesgott. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) *Feronia elephantum. — c) das 29ste ( dritte ) Jahr im 60jährigen Jupitercyclus. — d) Nomen proprium eines Arztes. —
2) f. ā Name der Dākṣāyaṇi auf dem Hemakūṭa.
--- OR ---
Mānmatha (मान्मथ):—Adj. (f. ī) zur Geschlechtsliebe in Beziehung stehend , sie betreffend , durch sie hervorgerufen , von ihr beherrscht ([Viddhaśālabhañjikākhyanāṭikā 12,8]), dem Liebesgott gehörig [Vikramāṅkadevacarita 8,2.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Manmatha (मन्मथ) [Also spelled manmath]:—(nm) Cupid—the god of love.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Ma.
Starts with: Manmathabandhu, Manmathakara, Manmathalaya, Manmathalekha, Manmathamanmatha, Manmathamath, Manmathanala, Manmathananda, Manmathasakha, Manmathasamana, Manmathasamhitayam, Manmathasuhrid, Manmathavasa, Manmathavat, Manmathavishta, Manmathayatana, Manmathayuddha.
Full-text (+43): Manmathin, Manmathananda, Manmathalaya, Manmathakara, Manmathayuddha, Manmathabandhu, Manmathalekha, Jatamanmatha, Manmatheshvaratirtha, Sevitamanmatha, Manmathamanmatha, Manmathavat, Manmathasamana, Manmathasuhrid, Manmathamath, Ratimanmathapuja, Manmathasakha, Samanmatha, Manmathayatana, Mankhaka.
Search found 30 books and stories containing Manmatha, Manmathā, Mānmatha, Ma-nmatha; (plurals include: Manmathas, Manmathās, Mānmathas, nmathas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 17 < [Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)]
Text 16 < [Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
One hundred and eight (108) names of Sāvitrī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 84 - The Damanaka Festival < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 133 - The Holy Places in Jambūdvipa < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 13 - Kāmeśvara (kāma-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 102 - The Glory of Manmatheśvara (manmatha-īśvara-tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 24 - Kāma is Burned < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LXVI - Description of the specific marks of Salagrama < [Agastya Samhita]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 162 [Vimarśaśakti’S Desire Causes Sṛṣṭikrama And Layakrama] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)