Shreni, aka: Śreṇi; 5 Definition(s)


Shreni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śreṇi can be transliterated into English as Sreni or Shreni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—Military republics;1 treated with respect by Pṛthu; help kings.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 68.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 17. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 264.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Śreṇi (श्रेणि) refers to a “troop, row, etc”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Śreṇi (श्रेणि, “rows”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.24, “transit (takes place) in rows (straight lines, śreṇi) in space”. What is the meaning of rows (śreṇi)? Commencing from the centre of the universe, the regular series of points (vertically and horizontally) in all directions higher up and lower and sideways are called rows e.g. horizontal lines appearing on a TV screen in the beginning.


(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śrēṇī (श्रेणी).—f S A line, a row, a range.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrēṇī (श्रेणी).—f A line, a row, a range.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 9 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śreṇibandha (श्रेणिबन्ध).—A type of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’);—Śreṇibandha-adhiṣṭh...
Śreṇībala (श्रेणीबल) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to “groups”. I...
Śreṇicāraṇa (श्रेणिचारण) or Śreṇicāraṇariddhi refers to the “powers to walk over mountain peaks...
śēṇī (शेणी).—f A lump of dry or dried cowdung.--- OR --- śēnī (शेनी).—f A female hawk.
niśāṇa (निशाण).—n An ensign, a flag. A butt, a mark for firing at. Any object set up as a mark....
Nisseṇi, (f.) (fr. nis+śri, orig. that which leans against, or leads to something, cp. Sk. śreṇ...
utaratī-śrēḍhī (उतरती-श्रेढी) [-śrēṇī, -श्रेणी].—f A descending pro- gression.
Śreṇyādi (श्रेण्यादि).—A class of words headed by the word श्रेणि (śreṇi), which are compounded...
Anuśreṇi (अनुश्रेणि, “successive-rows”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.24, “tr...

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