Shreni, Śreṇi: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Shreni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śreṇi can be transliterated into English as Sreni or Shreni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—Military republics;1 treated with respect by Pṛthu; help kings.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 68.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 17. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 264.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Śreṇi (श्रेणि) refers to a “troop, row, etc”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śreṇī (श्रेणी) refers to a “class”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Jyeṣṭha year of Jupiter, the chief men of every caste (jāti), of every family (kuladhana), of every opulent class (śreṇī-śreṣṭha) and of every village as well as princes and learned men will suffer miseries; and grains excepting Kaṅgu and pod grains will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Śreṇi (श्रेणि, “rows”).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.24, “transit (takes place) in rows (straight lines, śreṇi) in space”. What is the meaning of rows (śreṇi)? Commencing from the centre of the universe, the regular series of points (vertically and horizontally) in all directions higher up and lower and sideways are called rows e.g. horizontal lines appearing on a TV screen in the beginning.

 

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śreṇī (श्रेणी) refers to a “succession (of hardships)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Companions are born only for this one to enjoy possessions but not to endure the pitiless succession of calamities [com.kaṣṭa-śreṇī—‘succession of hardships’] arising from one’s own action. Why do the stupid, who are afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not see solitariness which is perceived directly in the occurrence of birth and death?”.

Synonyms: Āvalī.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śreṇi or Śreṇī.—(CII 3, 4; LL), Prakrit seni (EI 25); a cor- poration or guild; cf. śreṇī-bala, the army maintained by a guild. Note: śreṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrēṇī (श्रेणी).—f S A line, a row, a range.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śrēṇī (श्रेणी).—f A line, a row, a range.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—m., f.,

-śreṇī f. [śri-ṇi vā ṅīp Uṇādi-sūtra 4.51]

1) A line, series, row; तरङ्गभ्रूभङ्गा क्षुभितविहगश्रेणिरसना (taraṅgabhrūbhaṅgā kṣubhitavihagaśreṇirasanā) V.4.28; न षट्पदश्रेणिभिरेव पङ्कजं सशैवलासंगमपि प्रकाशते (na ṣaṭpadaśreṇibhireva paṅkajaṃ saśaivalāsaṃgamapi prakāśate) Kumārasambhava 5.9; Meghadūta 28,37.

2) A flock, multitude, group; Uttararāmacarita 4.

3) A guild or company of traders, artisans &c., corporate body; न त्वां प्रकृतयः सर्वाः श्रेणीमुख्याश्च भूषिताः (na tvāṃ prakṛtayaḥ sarvāḥ śreṇīmukhyāśca bhūṣitāḥ) Rām.2.26.14; Manusmṛti 8.41; Bhāgavata 2.8.18.

4) A bucket.

5) The fore or upper part of anything.

Derivable forms: śreṇiḥ (श्रेणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—mf. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ or -ṇī) 1. A line, a row, a range. 2. A multitude. 3. A company of artizans following the same business. 4. A corporation, a company of traders or those dealing in the same articles. 5. A ducket, a baling vessel. E. śri to serve, ni Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—i. e. śri + ni, m., f., and ṇī, f. 1. A line, a row, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 67, 10; 69, 8. 2. A troop, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 6; Chr. 34, 13 (ṇī); [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 28 (ṇī; bhuvana-, all the worlds); ib. 71 (ṇi; upakāra-, plenty of benefits); [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 331 (śiras-śreṇi, a great quantity of heads). 3. A company of artisans following the same business, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 10, 38. 4. A corporation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 41. 5. A bucket, a baling vessel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇi (श्रेणि).—[feminine] line, row, range, troop, multitude, swarm (of bees); company, guild (of artisans etc.).

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Śreṇī (श्रेणी).—[feminine] line, row, range, troop, multitude, swarm (of bees); company, guild (of artisans etc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śreṇi (श्रेणि):—f. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also m.; according to, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 51], [from] √śri; connected with śreṭī above) a line, row, range, series, succession, troop, flock, multitude, number, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a swarm (of bees), [Śiśupāla-vadha]

3) a company of artisans following the same business, a guild or association of traders dealing in the same articles, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) a bucket, watering-pot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the fore or upper part of anything, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Sanseviera Roxburghiana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Śreṇī (श्रेणी):—[from śreṇi] f. a line, row etc. (= śreṇi), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇi (श्रेणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇī)] 2. m. 3. f. A line or row; a corporation; a bucket.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śreṇi (श्रेणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Seḍhi, Seḍhī, Seṇi, Seṇī, Soṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shreni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śreṇī (श्रेणी) [Also spelled sreni]:—(nf) class; category, rank, order; range; series; ~[karaṇa] categorization; hence ~[kṛta] (a); ~[baddha] categorized; hence ~[baddhatā] (nf).

2) Sreni in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) class; category, rank, order; range; series; ~[karana] categorization; hence ~[krita] (a); ~[baddha] categorized; hence ~[baddhata] (nf)..—sreni (श्रेणी) is alternatively transliterated as Śreṇī.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śrēṇi (ಶ್ರೇಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a number of people or things arranged so as to form a line; a row.

2) [noun] any hierarchical system (as in the gradation in official hierarchy).

3) [noun] a group of persons; a multitude.

4) [noun] a congregation or assembly of merchants.

5) [noun] a group of students taught together according to standing, subject, etc.; a class.

6) [noun] stage, position, elevation or rank considered as one of the planes in a scale of values.

7) [noun] a kind of medicinal plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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