Palasha, aka: Palāśa, Palāsa, Palasa, Palāśā, Pālāśa, Pala-asha; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Palasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Palāśa and Palāśā and Pālāśa can be transliterated into English as Palasa or Palasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Palasha in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pālāsa, the Ardha-candra hand.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Palasha in Ayurveda glossaries]

Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Bastard teak” tree from the Fabaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Kiṃśuka. Its official botanical name is Butea monosperma and is commonly known in English as “Flame of the Forest”, “Bastard teak”, “Parrot tree” among many others. It has various songs and legends associated with it, for example, it is said that the tree is a form of Agni (God of Fire).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Palāśa (पलाश).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The tree blossoms in spring with blood-red flowers, the flower is astringent and checks diarrhoea. The seed is flat and anthelmintic.

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Palasha in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Butea frondosa (flame-of-the-forest) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Butea frondosa is a synonym of Butea monosperma.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as palāśa).”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

[Palasha in Purana glossaries]

Palāśā (पलाशा).—A R. of the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 18.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Palasha in Itihasa glossaries]

Palāśa (पलाश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Palāśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Palasha in Hinduism glossaries]

Palāsa (पलास): A tree Butea frondosa also called "flame of the forest".

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Palasha in Jainism glossaries]

1) Palāśa (पलाश) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Śreyāṃsa are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Tinduga. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Śreyāṃsa is the eleventh of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Viṣṇu and his mother is Viṣṇu according to Śvetāmbara or Veṇudevī according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

2) Palāśa (पलाश) refers to the caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) associated with the Agni or Agnikumāra class of the bhavanavāsin species of Devas (gods), according to Jain cosmology. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Palāśa (पलाश) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Palāśa tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

2) Palāśa (पलाश) refers to a type of flower (puṣpa) commonly used in for personal and commercial purposes in ancient India. People were fond of flowers. The groves and gardens were maintained for recreational purpose. The Jain canonical texts frequently mention different horticulture products viz. fruits, vegetables and flowers which depict that horticulture was a popular pursuit of the people at that time. Gardens and parks (ārāma, ujjāṇa or nijjaṇa) were full of fruits and flowers of various kinds which besides yielding their products provided a calm andquiet place where people could enjoy the natural surroundings.

The flowers (eg., Palāśa) fulfilled the aesthetic needs of the people. At the same time they had an economic importance in as much as some people depended on its trade. It is mentioned that people of Koṅkaṇa maintained themselves by selling fruits and flowers. (see Bṛhatkalpasūtra) Flower garlands and bouquet of various designs were prepared and sold. Saffron (kuṃkuma or kesara) was an important flower product. It yielded a good income to the producers. The flower attracted the bees who yielded honey (mahu, sanskrit: madhu) of different varieties, e. g. macchiya, kuṭṭiya, bhāmara, etc.

(Source): archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[Palasha in India history glossaries]

Pālāśā (पालाशा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that is an unidentified tributary of the Vitastā.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Palasha is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Palasha is mentioned always for its typical dark-green colour.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Palasha), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Palasha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

(Source): Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Palasha in Pali glossaries]

palāsa : (m.) leaf; foliage; malice; spite.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Palāsa, 2 & (more commonly) Paḷāsa (according to Trenckner, Notes 83, from ras, but BSk. pradāśa points to pa+ dāśa=dāsa “enemy” this form evidently a Sanskritisation) unmercifulness, malice, spite. Its nearest synonym is yuga-ggāha (so Vbh. 357; Pug. 18, where yuddhaggāha is read; J. III, 259; VvA. 71); it is often combd with macchera (Vv 155) and makkha (Miln. 289). ‹-› M. I, 15, 36, 488; A. I, 79; J. II, 198; Vbh. 357; Pug. 18 (+paḷāsāyanā, etc.).—apaḷāsa mercifulness M. I, 44. (Page 440)

2) Palāsa, 1 (m. & nt.) (Vedic palāśa) 1. the tree Butea frondosa or Judas tree J. III, 23 (in Palāsa Jātaka).—2. a leaf; collectively (nt.) foliage, pl. (nt.) leaves S. II, 178; J. I, 120 (nt.); III, 210, 344; PvA. 63 (°antare; so read for pās’antare), 113 (ghana°), 191 (sāli°). puppha° blossoms & leaves DhA. I, 75; sākhā° branches & leaves M. I, 111; J. I, 164; Miln. 254; paṇḍu° a sear leaf Vin. I, 96; III, 47; IV, 217; bahala° (adj.) thick with leaves J. I, 57.—palāsāni (pl.) leaves J. III, 185 (=palāsapaṇṇāni C.); PvA. 192 (=bhūsāni). (Page 440)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Palasha in Marathi glossaries]

palāśa (पलाश).—m (S) A tree, Butea frondosa.

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paḷaśā (पळशा).—m A caste of Hindus or an individual of it.

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paḷasa (पळस).—m (palāśa S) A tree, Butea frondosa. paḷasāsa pānēṃ tīna Said of one who goes from village to village to better his fortunes and yet continues poor.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

palāśa (पलाश).—m A tree, Butea frondosa.

--- OR ---

paḷaśā (पळशा).—m A caste of Hindus or an individual of it.

--- OR ---

paḷasa (पळस).—m A tree, Butea frondose. paḷasāsa pānēṃ tīna Said of one who goes from village to village to better his fortunes and yet continues poor.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Palasha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Palasa (पलस).—= पनस (panasa) q. v.

--- OR ---

Palāśa (पलाश).—a.

1) Green.

2) Unkind, cruel.

-śaḥ A demon.

2) Name of the Magadha country.

3) Name of a tree, Butea Frondosa (also called kiṃśuka); नवपलाशपलाशवनं पुरः (navapalāśapalāśavanaṃ puraḥ) Śi.6.2.

-śam 1 The flower or blossom of this tree; बालेन्दु- वक्राण्यविकाशभावाद् बभुः पलाशान्यतिलोहितानि (bālendu- vakrāṇyavikāśabhāvād babhuḥ palāśānyatilohitāni) Ku.3.29.

2) A leaf or petal in general; भीष्मपर्वमहाशाखो द्रोणपर्वपलाशवान् (bhīṣmaparvamahāśākho droṇaparvapalāśavān) Mb.1.1.89; विभिन्नमम्भोजपलाशशोभया (vibhinnamambhojapalāśaśobhayā) Ki.4.27; चलत्पला- शान्तरगोचरास्तरोः (calatpalā- śāntaragocarāstaroḥ) Śi.1.21;6.2.

3) The green colour.

4) A finger (?) Gīrvāṇa; यत्पादपङ्कजपलाशविलासभक्त्या (yatpādapaṅkajapalāśavilāsabhaktyā) Bhāg.4.22.39.

-śī Lac.

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Pālāśa (पालाश).—a. (-śī f.) [पलाश-अण् (palāśa-aṇ)]

1) Belonging to or coming from the Palāśa tree.

2) Made of the wood of the Palāśa tree; Ms.2.45.

3) Green; पालाश-ताम्रासित- कर्बुराणाम् (pālāśa-tāmrāsita- karburāṇām) Bṛ. S.

-śaḥ The green colour.

--- OR ---

Palāśa (पलाश).—a demon, Rākṣasa; निर्दग्धुं निखिलाः पलाशसमिधो मेध्यादयोध्यारणेः (nirdagdhuṃ nikhilāḥ palāśasamidho medhyādayodhyāraṇeḥ) Rām. champū.

Derivable forms: palāśaḥ (पलाशः).

Palāśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pala and aśa (अश). See also (synonyms): palāda, palāśana.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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