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Palasha, aka: Palasa, Palāsa, Palāśa, Palāśā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Palasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Palāśa and Palāśā can be transliterated into English as Palasa or Palasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Palāśā (पलाशा).—A R. of the Ketumālā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Butea frondosa (flame-of-the-forest) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considerd as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Butea frondosa is a synonym of Butea monosperma.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as palāśa).”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Bastard teak” tree from the Fabaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Kiṃśuka. Its official botanical name is Butea monosperma and is commonly known in English as “Flame of the Forest”, “Bastard teak”, “Parrot tree” among many others. It has various songs and legends associated with it, for example, it is said that the tree is a form of Agni (God of Fire).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Palāśa (पलाश).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The tree blossoms in spring with blood-red flowers, the flower is astringent and checks diarrhoea. The seed is flat and anthelmintic.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pālāsa, the Ardha-candra hand.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Palāsa (पलास): A tree Butea frondosa also called "flame of the forest".

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

1) Palāsa, 2 & (more commonly) Paḷāsa (according to Trenckner, Notes 83, from ras, but BSk. pradāśa points to pa+ dāśa=dāsa “enemy” this form evidently a Sanskritisation) unmercifulness, malice, spite. Its nearest synonym is yuga-ggāha (so Vbh. 357; Pug. 18, where yuddhaggāha is read; J. III, 259; VvA. 71); it is often combd with macchera (Vv 155) and makkha (Miln. 289). ‹-› M. I, 15, 36, 488; A. I, 79; J. II, 198; Vbh. 357; Pug. 18 (+paḷāsāyanā, etc.).—apaḷāsa mercifulness M. I, 44. (Page 440)

2) Palāsa, 1 (m. & nt.) (Vedic palāśa) 1. the tree Butea frondosa or Judas tree J. III, 23 (in Palāsa Jātaka).—2. a leaf; collectively (nt.) foliage, pl. (nt.) leaves S. II, 178; J. I, 120 (nt.); III, 210, 344; PvA. 63 (°antare; so read for pās’antare), 113 (ghana°), 191 (sāli°). puppha° blossoms & leaves DhA. I, 75; sākhā° branches & leaves M. I, 111; J. I, 164; Miln. 254; paṇḍu° a sear leaf Vin. I, 96; III, 47; IV, 217; bahala° (adj.) thick with leaves J. I, 57.—palāsāni (pl.) leaves J. III, 185 (=palāsapaṇṇāni C.); PvA. 192 (=bhūsāni). (Page 440)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

palāsa : (m.) leaf; foliage; malice; spite.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Palāśa (पलाश) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Śreyāṃsa are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Tinduga. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Śreyāṃsa is the eleventh of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Viṣṇu and his mother is Viṣṇu according to Śvetāmbara or Veṇudevī according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Palasa Jataka
1) Palāsa, 2 & (more commonly) Paḷāsa (according to Trenckner, Notes 83, from ras, but BSk. pra...
Palashatilaka
Pālāśatilakā (पालाशतिलका):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra text...
Shatipalasha
Śaṭīpalāśa (शटीपलाश) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the pl...
Shakha
Śākha (शाख) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In...
Pasha
Pāśā (पाशा).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountains (kulaparvata) ...
Pandu
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु, “yellowish white”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the white (sita) an...
Ghana
Ghana (घन) refers to “ solid instruments” (eg., cymbals), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.10 and...
Yuga
1a) Yuga (युग).—The intervening time between one yuga-sandhyapūrva and sandhyāṃśa; four i...
Nimba
Nimba (निम्ब) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Azadirachta indica (neem) by various schol...
Kimshuka
Kiṃśuka (किंशुक) is a synonym for Kālamegha, a tree from the Fabaceae family. It is used thr...
Palapa
1) Palāpa, 2 (Vedic pralāpa, pa+lap; taken by P. Com. as identical with palāpa1, their example...
Makkha
1) Makkha, 2 (probably=makkha1, but BSk. differentiates with mrakṣya Divy 622, trsl. Index “ill...
Rodhradi
Rodhrādi (रोध्रादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as bein...
Mushkakadi
Muṣkakādi (मुष्ककादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as ha...
Vriksha
Vṛkṣā (वृक्षा).—Sacred as houses for the primitive man and supplied him with honey, fruit...

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Search found 130 books containing Palasha, Palasa, Palāsa, Palāśa or Palāśā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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