Dravanti, Dravantī, Drāvantī, Dravamti: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Dravanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Dravantī and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) also represents a synonym of Śrutaśreṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.136-137. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Dravantī and Śrutaśreṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: According to Narahari, Pratyakśreṇī is a common synonym to Dravantī and Ākhuparṇī along with Śrutaśreṇī but Śrutaśreṇī is anti rat-poison which Ākhuparṇī is not and Dravantī is Rasāyanī, a property absent in the rest of the two.

3) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with either (1) Jaipal—Croton tiglium, (2) Baliospermum sinuatum Muell or (3) Ratanjota—Jatropha glandulifera Roxb., according to verse 5.134-136 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.

Dravantī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Śāmbarī, Citrā, Nyagrodhī, Śatamūlikā, Pratyakśreṇī, Vṛṣyā, Caṇḍā, Patraśreṇī, Ākhukarṇikā, Mūṣakakarṇī, Pratiparṇī, Śiphā, Sahasramūlī and Vikrāntā.

Properties and characteristics: “Dravantī is sweet (madhura) and cooling (śīta). IT is very good for fixing the mercury. It is febrifuge anthelmintic and analgesic. It is also rasāyanī (rejuvenating)

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती, “oozing”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “purging nut”, a species of flowering plant from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Jatropha curcus and in English it is commonly known as “purging nut” or “physic nut”. The word Dravantī is derived from Dravat, which when literally translated can mean “running, swift” or “trickling, oozing”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Drāvantī (द्रावन्ती) [=Drāvayantī?] refers to “(causing to) flow”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her form is the Triangle and her plane unlimited ability. She is enflamed by the burning Point. Causing (nectar) to flow (drāvayantīsā drāvanty amṛtaughaiḥ), she floods the entire plane of the universe with dense currents of nectar. Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Dravanti in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker from the Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family. For the possible medicinal usage of dravanti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Dravanti in India is the name of a plant defined with Chlorophytum tuberosum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Liliago nivea (Poir.) C. Presl (among others).

2) Dravanti is also identified with Cressa cretica It has the synonym Cressa australis R. Br..

3) Dravanti is also identified with Croton tiglium It has the synonym Oxydectes birmanica (Müll. Arg.) Kuntze (etc.).

4) Dravanti is also identified with Jatropha gossypiifolia It has the synonym Adenoropium gossypiifolium Pohl (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Glimpses of Cytogenetics in India (1992)
· Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India (1968)
· Senckenberg. Biol. (1969)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1983)
· Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany (1998)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dravanti, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती).—

1) A river.

2) The plant Anthericum Juberosum (Mar. uṃdirakānī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—[from dravat > drava] f. a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Anthericum Juberosum, [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dravaṃti (ದ್ರವಂತಿ):—

1) [noun] a current or flow of water or other liquid, esp. one running along the surface of the earth; a stream; a river.

2) [noun] the plant Chlorophytum tuberosum (= Anthodium tuberosum) of Liliaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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