Dravanti, Dravantī, Drāvantī, Dravamti: 9 definitions
Dravanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Dravantī (द्रवन्ती, “oozing”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “purging nut”, a species of flowering plant from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Jatropha curcus and in English it is commonly known as “purging nut” or “physic nut”. The word Dravantī is derived from Dravat, which when literally translated can mean “running, swift” or “trickling, oozing”.Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Dravanti in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker from the Asparagaceae (Asparagus) family. For the possible medicinal usage of dravanti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Dravantī and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) also represents a synonym of Śrutaśreṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.136-137. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Dravantī and Śrutaśreṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: According to Narahari, Pratyakśreṇī is a common synonym to Dravantī and Ākhuparṇī along with Śrutaśreṇī but Śrutaśreṇī is anti rat-poison which Ākhuparṇī is not and Dravantī is Rasāyanī, a property absent in the rest of the two.
3) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with either (1) Jaipal—Croton tiglium, (2) Baliospermum sinuatum Muell or (3) Ratanjota—Jatropha glandulifera Roxb., according to verse 5.134-136 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.
Dravantī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Śāmbarī, Citrā, Nyagrodhī, Śatamūlikā, Pratyakśreṇī, Vṛṣyā, Caṇḍā, Patraśreṇī, Ākhukarṇikā, Mūṣakakarṇī, Pratiparṇī, Śiphā, Sahasramūlī and Vikrāntā.
Properties and characteristics: “Dravantī is sweet (madhura) and cooling (śīta). IT is very good for fixing the mercury. It is febrifuge anthelmintic and analgesic. It is also rasāyanī (rejuvenating)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Drāvantī (द्रावन्ती) [=Drāvayantī?] refers to “(causing to) flow”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Her form is the Triangle and her plane unlimited ability. She is enflamed by the burning Point. Causing (nectar) to flow (drāvayantī—sā drāvanty amṛtaughaiḥ), she floods the entire plane of the universe with dense currents of nectar. Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Dravanti in India is the name of a plant defined with Chlorophytum tuberosum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Liliago nivea (Poir.) C. Presl (among others).
2) Dravanti is also identified with Cressa cretica It has the synonym Cressa australis R. Br..
3) Dravanti is also identified with Croton tiglium It has the synonym Oxydectes birmanica (Müll. Arg.) Kuntze (etc.).
4) Dravanti is also identified with Jatropha gossypiifolia It has the synonym Adenoropium gossypiifolium Pohl (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Glimpses of Cytogenetics in India (1992)
· Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India (1968)
· Senckenberg. Biol. (1969)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1983)
· Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany (1998)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Dravanti, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
1) A river.
2) The plant Anthericum Juberosum (Mar. uṃdirakānī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—[from dravat > drava] f. a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] Anthericum Juberosum, [Suśruta]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] a current or flow of water or other liquid, esp. one running along the surface of the earth; a stream; a river.
2) [noun] the plant Chlorophytum tuberosum (= Anthodium tuberosum) of Liliaceae family.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Rudravanti.
Full-text (+9): Pratyakparni, Shrutashroni, Pratiparnashipha, Pattrashreni, Citra, Shrutashreni, Sahasramuli, Patrashreni, Shatamulika, Pratiparni, Mushakakarni, Shambari, Pratyashreni, Shipha, Vrishya, Nyagrodhi, Akhukarnika, Jaipala, Ratanajota, Dravayanti.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Dravanti, Dravantī, Drāvantī, Dravamti, Dravaṃti; (plurals include: Dravantis, Dravantīs, Drāvantīs, Dravamtis, Dravaṃtis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 12a - The Pharmaceutics of the Physic nut [danti-dravanti-kalpa] < [Kalpasthana (Kalpa Sthana) — Section on Pharmaceutics]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Flora (10): Roots < [Chapter 5 - Aspects of Nature]
Flora (9): Common weed < [Chapter 5 - Aspects of Nature]
Appendix III - Synonyms of Flora (Vanauṣadhi-varga)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 5.41.18 < [Sukta 41]
Rig Veda 6.75.11 < [Sukta 75]
Rig Veda 4.6.5 < [Sukta 6]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 11.28 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Verse 11.36 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 6 - Process of preparing Sarva-kshara < [Chapter XXVIII - Kshara (akalis)]
Part 24 - Usage of poisons < [Chapter XXX - Visha (poisons)]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 4 - Remedies Against the Injuries of One’s Own Army < [Book 14 - Secret Means]