Dravanti, Dravantī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dravanti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती, “oozing”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “purging nut”, a species of flowering plant from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Jatropha curcus and in English it is commonly known as “purging nut” or “physic nut”. The word Dravantī is derived from Dravat, which when literally translated can mean “running, swift” or “trickling, oozing”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Dravantī and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती) also represents a synonym of Śrutaśreṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.136-137. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Dravantī and Śrutaśreṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: According to Narahari, Pratyakśreṇī is a common synonym to Dravantī and Ākhuparṇī along with Śrutaśreṇī but Śrutaśreṇī is anti rat-poison which Ākhuparṇī is not and Dravantī is Rasāyanī, a property absent in the rest of the two.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dravantī (द्रवन्ती).—

1) A river.

2) The plant Anthericum Juberosum (Mar. uṃdirakānī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravantī (द्रवन्ती):—[from dravat > drava] f. a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Anthericum Juberosum, [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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