Indravaruni, aka: Indravārūṇi, Indra-varuni; 3 Definition(s)


Indravaruni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Indravaruni in Rasashastra glossaries]

Indravārūṇi (इन्द्रवारूणि):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Indravaruni in Ayurveda glossaries]

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to the Citrullus colocynthis (wild gourd), from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The roots are large, fleshy and perennial, leading to a high survival rate due to the long tap root. The flowers are yellow and solitary in the axes of leaves. The fruit is smooth, spheric with a 5-10 cm diameter and extremely bitter taste. The seeds are grey and 5 mm long by 3 mm wide. According to Monier-Williams, it is the favourite plant of Indra and Varuṇa.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 3.69-71), the Wild gourd (indravāruṇī) has the following synonyms: Indravāruṇikā, Indrāvaruṇa, Indravallī, Indravallarī, Indrasāhvā, Indracirbhiṭā, Indīvarā, Mahendravāruṇī, Bṛhadvāruṇī, Vāruṇī, Aindri, Devī, Dālā, Śakrāsurā, Śakravallī, Surākhyā, Surāhvā, Gavākṣī, Sūryā, Gavādanī, Mṛgādanī, Kākādanī, Trapusī, Amṛtā, Amarā, Kṣudrasahā, Kṣudraphalā, Mahāphalā, Suphalā, Suvarṇa, Aruṇā, Viśālā, Citradevī, Citrā, Goḍumbā, Dhanuḥśreṇī, Ramyā, Mātṛ, Bhaṭā, Tārakā, Viśālatā, Viṣāpahā, Viṣaghnī, Viṣavallī, Pītapuṣpī, Hemapuṣpī, Vṛṣabhākṣī, Guṇakarṇikā, Bālakapriyā, Raktervāru, Kapilākṣī, Trapuṣa and Trapusa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Indravaruni in Marathi glossaries]

indravāruṇī (इंद्रवारुणी).—f S Bitter gourd-plant, Cucumis colocynthis.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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