Indravaruni, Indravāruṇī, Indravārūṇi, Indra-varuni, Imdravaruni: 14 definitions


Indravaruni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Indravārūṇi (इन्द्रवारूणि):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus colocynthis (colocynth, bitter apple or desert gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.70-72 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Indravāruṇī is commonly known in Hindi and Marathi as Indrāyan; in Bengali as Mākal; in Gujarati as Indra-vana; in Telugu as Etipuchchhā; and in Tamil as Peyttummattī.

Indravāruṇī is mentioned as having twenty-nine synonyms: Aindrī, Aruṇā, Mṛgādanī, Gavādanī, Sūryā, Viṣaghnī, Guṇakarṇikā, Amrā, Mātā, Suvarṇā, Suphalā, Tārakā, Vṛṣabhākṣī, Gavākṣī, Pītapuṣpī, Indravallarī, Hemapuṣpī, Kṣudraphalā, Vāruṇī, Bālakapriyā, Raktervāru, Viṣalatā, Śakravallī, Viṣāpahā, Amṛtā and Viṣavallī.

Properties and characteristics: “Indravāruṇī is bitter (tikta) and pungent (kaṭu) in rasa an cold in potency (śīta). It is a purgative and useful in abdominal distentions and other associated ailments specially pittaja ailments of abdomen and gulma (false abdominal lumps due to wind), diseases due to kapha-doṣā, worms, fevers and leprosy and allied skin disorders”.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Indravaruṇi (इन्द्रवरुणि) refers to the medicinal plant known as Citrullus colocynthis, Schard., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Indravaruṇi] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cucumis trigonus Roxb.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning indravāruṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Indravāruṇi (इन्द्रवारुणि) (also Sahasrakṛt) refers to an herbal ingredient which is included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa prescribes various antidotes to quell the poison by administering them through nasal drugs, collyrium, ointment, herbal drinks and diet. According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse VIII.10)—“A combination of Śirīṣa juice, Indra Vāruṇi referred also as Sahasrakṛt, and white pepper serves as a thunderbolt to poison and can be used as either a collyrium or ointment or drink”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी) refers to “bitter beer (mixed with sugar)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu: “[...] O Indra, a man attains downfall even by conversing with a sensuous person. Great preceptors say that worldly enjoyment is a bitter beer mixed with sugar [i.e., indravāruṇīsitāliteṃdravāruṇīm]. Although I know and realise all these, although I have specific wisdom yet I shall accede to your request and make it fruitful. I am definitely subservient to my devotees. Hence I may do everything. I am known all over the three worlds as one who performs ill fitting things. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Indravaruni in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrullus colocynthis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cucumis colocynthis L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum
· Index Seminum [Goettingen] (1833)
· Garcia Orta, Sér. Bot. (1976)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Linnaea (1838)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Indravaruni, for example extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

indravāruṇī (इंद्रवारुणी).—f S Bitter gourd-plant, Cucumis colocynthis.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी).—Colocynth, a wild bitter gourd cucumis colocynthis. (Mar. moṭhī kaṃvaḍaḷa) किमिन्द्रवारुणी राम सितया कटुकीयते (kimindravāruṇī rāma sitayā kaṭukīyate) Laghu Yogavāsiṣṭha-sāra X. सौवर्चलं हरिद्रा च पिप्पली चेन्द्रवारुणिः । मूत्र- कृच्छ्रे प्रशंसन्ति पिण्डोऽयं वाजिनां हितः ॥ शालिहोत्र (sauvarcalaṃ haridrā ca pippalī cendravāruṇiḥ | mūtra- kṛcchre praśaṃsanti piṇḍo'yaṃ vājināṃ hitaḥ || śālihotra) of भोज (bhoja) 33.

Indravāruṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms indra and vāruṇī (वारुणी). See also (synonyms): indravāruṇikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी).—f. (-ṇī) See the preceding. E. indra and varuṇa the two deities so called, affixes aṇ and ṅīp; the favourite plant of Indra and Varuna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी):—[=indra-vāruṇī] [from indra] f. Colocynth, a wild bitter gourd, Cucumis Colocynthis

2) [v.s. ...] the favourite plant of Indra and Varuṇa [commentator or commentary] on [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Indravāruṇī (इन्द्रवारुणी):—[indra-vāruṇī] (ṇī) 3. f. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Indravaruni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Indravaruni in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Iṃdravāruṇi (ಇಂದ್ರವಾರುಣಿ):—

1) [noun] an Asian perennial vine (Citrullus colocynthis) of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae).

2) [noun] its small, dried fruits, used in making a strong cathartic; colocynth.

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Iṃdrāvaruṇi (ಇಂದ್ರಾವರುಣಿ):—[noun] = ಇಂದ್ರವಾರುಣಿ [imdravaruni].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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