Baka, aka: Bakā; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Baka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Baka in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Crane (baka),the mingled-Haṃsa hand, i.e., the forefinger and thumb are joined, the second and third fingers extended, and the little finger made to touch the palm, this is also used in Mantra-bheda.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Baka in Purana glossaries]

Baka—Śyenī was a wife of Aruṇa. She gave birth to the Sārasas, Kurnras (kumra/kurma?), and Bakas.

(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Bakā (बका).—Daughter of the demon, Sumāli. He had four daughters: Bakā, Puṣpotkaṭā, Kaikasī and Kumbhīnadī. Rāvaṇa is the son of Kaikasī. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

2) Baka (बक).—A demon. The Pāṇḍavas escaping from the trap of Arakkilla (lac-house) through a secret tunnel went to the village Ekacakrā on the banks of the river Gaṅgā and stayed there in the house of a brahmin. Baka was a demon who was terrorising the villagers there. He used to come to the village freely and carry away people for his food. Because of this nobody lived in peace and so they all joined together and decided to send one man daily with plenty of other eatables to the demon in this cave. Days went by like that and one day the turn came to the brahmin who was sheltering the Pāṇḍavas. That brahmin had besides his wife one son and a daughter. The problem arose as to who should go to the demon. The father was willing but the wife did not want him to go and vice versa. The children began to cry and hearing the noise Kuntī, mother of the Pāṇḍavas, went there to enquire and learned the tragic story of the family. She immediately went to Bhīma and acquainted him with the problem before the brahmin. Bhīma at once volunteered to go to the demon deciding to kill the man-eater and thus putting an end to his depredations.

2) Bhīma started on his journey to the demon carrying a cartload of rice and curry. Deliberately Bhīma arrived at the place of the demon very late. Baka rolled his eyes in anger at the sight of the late-comer. But Bhīma without heeding him sat in front of the demon and started eating the rice and curry. Baka charged at Bhīma with fury but Bhīma defended and a battle ensued in which Baka was killed and he fell dead like a mountain-head dropping down.* (Chapters 157164, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

3) Baka (बक).—A demon. As young boys Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāmabhadra were once playing in Ambāḍi (Gokula) on the banks of the river Yamunā when the demon, Baka, despatched by Kaṃsa, went to them in the form of a huge terrible-looking stork. In no time opening its ferocious beaks the stork swallowed Kṛṣṇa. But the touch of Kṛṣṇa burnt the throat of the bird and vomitting Kṛṣṇa the bird fell dead.

4) Baka (बक).—(Bakadālbhya). The great sage who poured into the sacrificial fire the country of King Dhṛtarāṣṭra. For details see under Dālbhya.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Baka (बक) refers to Mimusops eleugi and represents flowers (puṣpa) once commonly used in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 463.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1a) Baka (बक).—An Asura; a son of Andhaka and brother of Āḍi;1 friend of Kaṃsa; seized Kṛṣṇa in the guise of a crane; was torn to death.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 156. 12.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 1; 11. 48-52; 12. 14; 26. 8; 43. 30; 46. 26.

1b) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

1c) Sons of Vṛtra and who became followers of Mahendra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 36.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Baka in Ayurveda glossaries]

Baka (बक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “common crane”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Baka is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Baka (बक)—Sanskrit word for a bird “egret” (Egretta alba) or white ibis. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Baka in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Baka (बक) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2.14. Accordingly, the deity is prescribed when one suffers from possession by the Vināyakas, Śālakaṭaṅkaṭa, Kūṣmāṇḍarājaputra, Usmita and Devayajana. The Baijavāpagṛhyasūtra replaces the names of last two vināyakas with Mita and Sammita. According to R. C. Hazra in his Gaṇapati-worship, “this rite is both expiatory and propitiatory in nature and in which various things including meat and fish (both raw and cooked) and wine and cakes are to be offered”..

The gṛhya-sūtras are a branch of dharma-sūtras and refer to a category of Vedic literature dealing with domstic rites and rituals. The Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra belongs to the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda. The Baijavāpa-gṛhya-sūtra is known only through references to it in other works (eg., Vīramitrodaya-Saṃskāra).

(Source): archive.org: The religion and philosophy of the Veda and the Upanishads (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Baka in Pali glossaries]

baka : (m.) a crane; heron.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Baka, (cp. Epic Sk. baka) 1. a crane, heron Cp. III, 102; J. I, 205 (°suṇikā), 221, 476; II, 234; III, 252.—2. N. of a dweller in the Brahma world M. I, 326; S. I, 142. (Page 481)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Baka in Marathi glossaries]

baka (बक).—m (S) A kind of heron, Ardea Torra vel Putea. Buch. 2 (arbhaka S) A young one (of man or animal). 3 f (vāk) S through H) Used pl, as bakā, Idle chat or talk; mere report. Pr. ha- jāra bakā āṇi ēka likhā.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

baka (बक).—m A kind of heron. pl bakā Idle chat or talk. Ex. hajāra bakā āṇi ēka likhā.

--- OR ---

bākā (बाका).—a A daring, expert. bākā killā Impregnable fort. bākā bōlaṇārā Smart and able speaker.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Baka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Baka (बक).—

1) The Indian crane; न प्रयत्नशतेनापि शुकवत् पाठ्यते बकः (na prayatnaśatenāpi śukavat pāṭhyate bakaḥ) H.

2) A cheat, rogue, hypocrite (the crane being a very cunning bird that knows well how to draw others into its clutches).

3) Name of a demon killed by Bhīma.

4) Name of another demon killed by Kṛṣṇa.

5) Name of Kubera.

6) An apparatus for subliming metals or minerals.

-kī = पूतना (pūtanā) q. v. अहो बकी यं स्तनकालकूटं जिघांस- यापाययदप्यसाध्वी (aho bakī yaṃ stanakālakūṭaṃ jighāṃsa- yāpāyayadapyasādhvī) Bhāg.3.2.23.

2) A female crane.

Derivable forms: bakaḥ (बकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 66 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bakasana
Bakāsana (बकासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 30 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Acc...
Bakavratin
Bakavratin (बकव्रतिन्).—m. 'acting like a crane', a false devotee, religious hypocrite; अधोदृष्...
Bakavrata
Bakavrata (बकव्रत).—'crane-like conduct', hypocrisy; ये बकव्रतिनो विप्राः (ye bakavratino viprā...
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Pārśvabakāsana (पार्श्वबकासन, “side crane posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type o...
Bakajit
Bakajit (बकजित्).—m., Bakajit is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms baka and jit (जित्...
Bakacincika
Bakaciñcikā (बकचिञ्चिका).—a kind of fish. Bakaciñcikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ...
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Bakasahavāsin (बकसहवासिन्).—a lotus flower; Kuval.Bakasahavāsin is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Ekapadabakasana
Ekapādabakāsana (एकपादबकासन, “one-leg crane posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type...
Bakayantra
Bakayantra (बकयन्त्र).—a kind of retort. Derivable forms: bakayantram (बकयन्त्रम्).Bakayantra i...
Bakapancaka
Bakapañcaka (बकपञ्चक).—the last five days of the bright half of the month of Kārtika (during wh...
Bakanishudana
Bakaniṣūdana (बकनिषूदन).—epithets of 1) Bhīma. 2) of Kṛṣṇa. Derivable forms: bakaniṣūdanaḥ (बकन...
Bakavratacara
Bakavratacara (बकव्रतचर).—m. 'acting like a crane', a false devotee, religious hypocrite; अधोदृ...
Bakavratika
Bakavratika (बकव्रतिक).—m. 'acting like a crane', a false devotee, religious hypocrite; अधोदृष्...
Bakacinci
Bakaciñcī (बकचिञ्ची).—a kind of fish. Bakaciñcī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Nagaribaka
Nagarībaka (नगरीबक).—a crow.Derivable forms: nagarībakaḥ (नगरीबकः).Nagarībaka is a Sanskrit com...

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