Khadira, aka: Khādira; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Khadira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Khadira, the Tāmracūḍa quite face downwards.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Khadira (खदिर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Catechu tree” tree from the Fabaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Khayara or Khaira. Its official botanical name is Senegalia catechu (Acacia catechu), and is commonly known in English as “Catechu”, “Terra Japonica” and “Japan earth” among many others. It has been used since ancient times in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Khadira (खदिर) is the name of a tree (Khair) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial star) named Ārdrā, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these [trees] are propounded in Śāstras, the secret scriptures (śāstrāgama). These pious trees [viz, Khadira], if grown and protected, promote long life”. These twenty-seven trees related to the twenty-seven Nakṣatras are supposed to be Deva-vṛkṣas or Nakṣatra-vṛkṣas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Khadira (खदिर).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Khadira is a specific drug for kuṣṭha. It is astringent, cold, pacifies kapha and pitta, purifies blood, strengthens teeth and alleviates prameha and obesity.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Khadira (खदिर) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Senegalia catechu (catechu) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as khadira).”

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Khadira (खदिर) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Khadira) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Khadira (खदिर)—Sanskrit word for a plant (Acacia catechu).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Khadira (खदिर) is mentioned frequently from the Rigveda1 onwards as a tree with hard wood—the Acacia catechu. The Aśvattha is referred to as engrafting itself upon it in the Atharvaveda, and from it the climbing plant Arundhatī is said to have sprung.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Khadira in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

khadira : (m.) acacia tree.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Khadira, (Sk. khadira; Gr. kiζsaros, ivy; Lat. hedera, ivy) the tree Acacia catechu, in cpds. —avārā (pl.) embers of (burnt) acacia-wood J. I, 232; PvA. 152; —ghaṭikā a piece of a. -wood J. IV, 88; —tthambha a post of a. -wood DhA. III, 206; —patta a bowl made of a. -wood J. V, 389; —vana a forest of acacias J. II, 162; —sūla an impaling stake of a. -wood J. IV, 29. (Page 232)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Khadira in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

khadira (खदिर).—m (S) A tree, Mimosa catechu. 2 or khadirasāra m Catechu or Terra Japonica.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khadira (खदिर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A tree, the resin of which is used in medicine, Khayar Terra japonica or catechu, (Mimosa catechu.) 2. A name of Indra. 3. The moon. f. (-rī) A sensitive plant, (Mimosa pudica.) E. khad to hurt, Unadi affix irac.

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Khādira (खादिर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Derived from the Khayar tree. 2. made of its wood. E. khadira, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 84 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vitkhadira
Viṭkhadira (विट्खदिर).—m. (-raḥ) A fetid Mimosa. E. viṭ fæces, khadira Mimosa catechu.
Khadira Sutta
Khadira, (Sk. khadira; Gr. kiζsaros, ivy; Lat. hedera, ivy) the tree Acacia catechu, in cpds....
Khadira-grihya-sutra
Khadira-grihya-sutra (खादिर-गृह्य-सूत्र, Khādira-gṛhya-sūtra): Name of a traditional Hindu trea...
Khadirakuna
Khadirakuṇa (खदिरकुण).—the fruit-time of the Khadira tree. Derivable forms: khadirakuṇaḥ (खदिरक...
Khadirapatrika
Khadirapatrikā (खदिरपत्रिका).—a sensitive plant. Khadirapatrikā is a Sanskrit compound consisti...
Khadirapatri
Khadirapatrī (खदिरपत्री).—a sensitive plant. Khadirapatrī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Khadirasara
Khadirasāra (खदिरसार).—catechu.Derivable forms: khadirasāraḥ (खदिरसारः).Khadirasāra is a Sanskr...
Asrakhadira
Asrakhadira (अस्रखदिर).—the red Mimosa (Mar. tāṃbaḍā khaira). Derivable forms: asrakhadiraḥ (अस...
Khadiravana
Khadiravana (खदिरवन)—One of the seven forests on the western bank of the Yamunā.
Shula
Śūla (शूल).—n. of a rākṣasa king: Mmk 18.2.
Gandhamadana
Gandhamādana (गन्धमादन).—mn. (-naḥ-naṃ) The name of a particular mountain, forming the division...
Ghatika
Ghaṭikā (घटिका) or Nāḍikā or the Tamil Nāḻikai is equal to 24 minutes (and corresponds to 60 pr...
Vamsha
Vaṃśa (वंश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. Race, lineage, family. 2. Assemblage, multitude. 3. A bamboo, (Bambus...
Madana
Madana (मदन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. Kamadeva, the Hindu Cupid. 2. The season of spring. 3. A plant commo...
Madira
Madirā (मदिरा).—Wife of Vasudeva, father of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Vasudeva had seven wives named Rohiṇī, B...

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