Guda, Guḍa, Guḍā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Guda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Guḍa (गुड, “globe, ball”) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Molasses”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Molasses (commonly known as ‘black treacle’) is a by-product created during the refinement of sugarcane into sugar.

2) Guḍa (गुड) refers to the “Jaggery”, a type of cane sugar traditionally obtained from the concentrated juice of a Sugarcane or a Palm. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

3) Guda (गुद) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, according to the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā. When affected severely, these marmas causes death. The commonly accepted number of marmas in the human body, as described in the Suśruta-saṃhita, is 107 divided into 5 categories: the muscular, vascular, ligament, bone and joints.

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya-saṃhitā by Vāgbhaṭa is a classical Sanskrit treatise dealing with Āyurveda dating from the 6th-century. Together with the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhita, it is considered one of the three main Indian medical classics

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Guḍa (गुड) refers to “jaggery”, according to the Arthaśāstra II.15.15, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Chewing of sugarcane (ikṣu) is referred to in Atharvaveda. Pāṇini mentions the plantations of sugar cane. Kauṭilya mentions of some products of sugarcane such as phāṇita (inspissated juice of sugarcane), guḍa (jaggery), khaṇḍa (raw sugar), matsyaṇḍikā (sugar candy) and śarkarā (sugar). Vālmīki-Rāmāyaṇa (Bālakāṇḍa 52.4) states the guḍa is used frequently in the preparation of many sweets. The usage of guḍa as the sweetening agent in the preparation of a lot of sweet varieties is also referred to in the text.

Suśruta (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 45.163) also states that if the derivatives of sugar cane like guḍa, śarkarā, khaṇḍa, phāṇita become more white, they become more cold, sweeter, more pure and more difficult to digest.

Guḍa or “jaggery” represents one of the varieties or products of Ikṣu (sugercane juice), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The properties and varieties of sugarcane are discussed in the ikṣu-prakaraṇa. The properties of sugarcane which is crushed with teeth and crushed in a huge machine are also explained in detail. Different products made out of sugarcane juice and their properties are also discussed. It include the properties of [viz., guḍa (jaggery)].

Guḍa or “jaggery” is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with the following: Ānūpamāmṣa (the meat of animals living in marshy lands) and fruit of Lakuca (the fruit of bread-fruit tree).

Guḍa (jaggery) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., nāraṅga (lemon)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., guḍa (jaggery)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Guḍa (jaggery) is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by sūraṇa (elephant foot yam) nāgaraṅga (citron).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Guḍa (गुड) refers to “jaggery”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable gift given to a needy person yields the utmost benefit. If it is given after entreaties it yields only half the benefit. [...] Gift of jaggery (guḍa-dāna) yields sweet food”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Guḍa (गुड).—With ghee for piṇḍa at Gaya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 105. 34.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Gudā (गुदा) refers to the “anus” and represents one of the items held in the left hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, gudā]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Guḍa (गुड, “molasses”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Guḍa.—cf. a-lavaṇa-guḍa-kṣobha (IE 8-5); sugar, the pro- duction of which was the monopoly of the king or landlord. Note: guḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

guda : (nt.) the anus.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guḍa (गुड).—m S Raw sugar, inspissated juice of the sugarcane.

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guda (गुद).—n (S) gudadvāra n (S) The anus.

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gūḍa (गूड) [or ढ, ḍha].—n Sometimes the word bājarīcēṃ or jōndhaḷyācēṃ or gavhācēṃ is prefixed, and designates the corn accordingly. Sheaves or bundles (of jōndhaḷā, sajagurāṃ, wheat &c.) with the ear.

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gūda (गूद).—m Prickly itching and burning (in the system). v yē, suṭa. 2 fig. Vehemence, ardor, force (as of a disease, of rain &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

guḍa (गुड).—m Raw sugar, inspissated juice of the sugarcane.

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guda (गुद).—n The anus.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guḍa (गुड).—a. Thick; मुखं मुकुन्दस्य गुडालकावृतम् (mukhaṃ mukundasya guḍālakāvṛtam) Bhāg.1.38.9. cf. गुडाकेशः (guḍākeśaḥ).

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Guḍa (गुड).—

1) Treacle, molasses; गुडधानाः (guḍadhānāḥ) Sk.; गुडौदनः (guḍaudanaḥ) Y.1. 34; गुडद्वितीयां हरीतकीं भक्षयेत् (guḍadvitīyāṃ harītakīṃ bhakṣayet) Suśr.

2) A globe, ball; साग्निः सगुडशृङ्गिका (sāgniḥ saguḍaśṛṅgikā) Mb.3.15.8.

3) A ball for playing with.

4) A mouthful, bit.

5) An elephant's armour.

6) The cotton tree.

7) A pill; Śāraṅgdhara 13.1.

Derivable forms: guḍaḥ (गुडः).

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Guḍā (गुडा).—

1) The cotton plant.

2) A pill.

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Guda (गुद).—The anus; intestine; rectum; आन्त्रेभ्यस्ते गुदाभ्यो वनिष्ठोर्हृदयादधि (āntrebhyaste gudābhyo vaniṣṭhorhṛdayādadhi) Rv.1.163.3; Y.3.93; Ms.5.136; 8.262.

-dā The anus; vein (nāḍī); सिन्धवो द्रुगुदा (sindhavo drugudā) Bṛ. Up.1.1.1.

Derivable forms: gudam (गुदम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guḍa (गुड).—nt. (in Sanskrit m.), ball: Lalitavistara 339.11 (verse) kecit sumerusadṛśān (note m. form!) ayasā (v.l. °so) guḍāni… nikṣipanti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guḍa (गुड).—mfn.

(-ḍaḥ-ḍā-ḍaṃ) Round, globular, m.

(-ḍaḥ) 1. A globe or ball. 2. Treacle, molasses, the first thickening of the juice of the cane by boiling. 3. Anelephant's trappings or armour. 4. A mouthful. f.

(-ḍā) 1. A plant, (Euphorbia tirucalla:) see snuhī 2. Powder, pounded substance. E. guṅ to sound, affix ḍa.

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Guda (गुद).—n.

(-daṃ) The anus. E. gud to play, affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guḍa (गुड).—m. 1. A ball, Mahābhārata 7, 9212. 2. Molasses, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 326.

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Guda (गुद).—m. and n. The anus, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 283.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guḍa (गुड).—[masculine] a globe or ball (also ka [masculine]); treacle, molasses, a pill (also guḍikā [feminine]); [plural] [Name] of a people.

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Guda (गुद).—[masculine] ([neuter]) the rectum or anus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guḍa (गुड):—m. (cf. guṭikā, gula; √guḍ, [Uṇādi-sūtra 1]) a globe or ball, [Mahābhārata iii, vii]

2) a ball to play with (cf. giri-), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a pill, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā xiii, 1]

4) a bit, mouthful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) sugar which forms itself into lumps, dry sugar, treacle, molasses, first thickening of the juice of the sugar-cane by boiling, [Kātyāyana; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) an elephant’s trappings or armour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the cotton tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Euphorbia antiquorum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) ([plural]) Name of a people (in Madhya-deśa), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 3]

10) Guḍā (गुडा):—[from guḍa] f. a small ball, pill, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the reed uśīrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Euphorbia antiquorum, [Caraka vii, 10]

13) Guda (गुद):—m. an intestine, entrail, rectum, anus, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii, viii; Kauśika-sūtra] etc.

14) f(ā, ī). (ifc. ā [gana] krodādi [or ī [gana] bahv-ādi, not in [Kāśikā-vṛtti] and in [gana] śoṇādi])

15) n. idem

16) m. [dual number] with kauṣṭhyau, the two intestines, [Yājñavalkya iii, 95]

17) Gudā (गुदा):—[from guda] f. [plural] (gudās) the bowels, [Ṛg-veda x, 163, 3; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda ix-xi; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa x, xii.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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