Bhitti: 21 definitions
Bhitti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to a “wall”. It is also known as kuḍya. It represents a part of the trivarga structure, where it is also known as gala.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to the “wall” of a temple (prāsāda or vimāna). It is considered the second part in the ṣaḍvarga structure.Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Bhitti (भित्ति).—The wall of the temple is called by the name bhitti. The word bhitti is derived from the root “bhid” (Sanskrit), which means to separate. The main function of the bhitti. thus, is to separate the different components of the temple plan and the interior from the exterior. Kuḍya is a synonymous term for the bhitti. Bhitti is constructed above the plinth. Bhitti corresponds to that portion of the elevation from the top of the adhiṣṭhāna to the bottom of the prastara.
The walls of the temple are generally built very thick and heavy. They normally contain two layers namely the inner (antarbhitti) and the outer (bāhyabhitti). Both layers are dressed on their exposed surfaces while their back surfaces are roughly treated. The gap between the inner and outer layer is filled with debris material.
The Texts prescribe that the bhitti should be decorated with bhittipādas (‘pilasters’), koṣṭhas (‘niches’), toraṇas (‘canopies’), kumbhapañjaras (‘vase decoration’) and jālavātāyanas (‘perforated windows’). The medium used for the construction of bhitti may be of different types. They are built out of mud, wood, brick and stone.
Mayamata mentions three types of walls. They are:—
- jālakakuḍya (wall with perforations),
- iṣṭakakuḍya (wall made of bricks),
- phalakakuḍya (wall made of planks of stone or wood).
The Śilparatna adds mṛṇmayakuḍya.Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to “wall §§ 3.16; 4.7, 17; 5.5, 8, 13, 16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to a “wall”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “[...] This mind of mine is resolute helplessly attempting at a great task. Verily it is trying to erect a high wall [i.e., mahā-bhitti] on the surface of water. At the bidding of the celestial sage I am performing this steady penance with the desire that Rudra be my husband. The unfledged birdling of my mind flies up tenaciously. May lord Śiva, the storehouse of mercy fulfil its desire”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to “walls”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (13-15). Every physical, vocal or mental action of the Buddha accompanies knowledge.—[...] The Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas do not have this privilege. First they do good in their mind and then only afterwards by means of bodily or vocal actions Sometimes even their mental action is indeterminate and is produced without accompanying knowledge. [If that is so for them], what can be said for other people? [...] See also the Bhikṣu-Arhat Madhuvāsiṣṭha who climbed onto scaffolding (gosāraka), walls (bhitti) and trees (vṛkṣa). Finally, see Pilindavatsa who insulted the Ganges and treated it as a little slave. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)
Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to the “walls” (of a Sleeping chamber), as depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] Page 83.3-9: Here is the description of the house or the sleeping chambers of young ladies which were beautified for the reception of their husbands. The select items in this list are as follows: [e.g., cleansing the dust from the painted walls citraśālikā (papphoḍesu citta-bhittīo);] [...]
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
bhitti : (f.) a wall.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bhitti, (f.) (fr. bhid, cp. *Sk. bhitta fragment, & Class. Sk. bhitti wall) a wall Vin. I, 48; D. II, 85; S. II, 103; IV, 183; V, 218; J. I, 491; Vism. 354=VbhA. 58 (in comparison); ThA. 258; VvA. 42, 160, 271, 302; PvA. 24.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bhitti (भित्ति).—f. [bhid-ktin]
1) Breaking, splitting; dividing.
2) A wall, partition; समया सौधभित्तिम् (samayā saudhabhittim) Dk.; Śiśupālavadha 4.67. fort-wall; इष्टकोपलमृद्भित्तिप्राकारं पारिघं स्मृतम् (iṣṭakopalamṛdbhittiprākāraṃ pārighaṃ smṛtam) Śukra.4.849.
3) (Hence) Any place, spot or ground (āśraya) to work anything upon; चित्रकर्मरचना भित्तिं विना वर्तते (citrakarmaracanā bhittiṃ vinā vartate) Mu. 2.4.
4) A fragment, bit, piece, portion.
5) Anything broken.
6) A rent, fissure.
7) A mat (made of split reeds).
8) A flaw, defect.
9) An opportunity.
1) A wall-like surface; कपोलभित्ति, गण्डभित्ति (kapolabhitti, gaṇḍabhitti) &c.; सिंहः शिशुरपि निपतति मदमलिनकपोलभित्तिषु गजेषु (siṃhaḥ śiśurapi nipatati madamalinakapolabhittiṣu gajeṣu) Bhartṛhari 1.38.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ttiḥ) 1. A wall of earth or masonry. 2. A thing broken or divided. 3. A place, a part. 4. Opportunity, occasion. 5. An asylum. 6. Breaking, tearing, dividing. 7. A flaw, a defect. 8. A rent, a fissure. 9. A fragment, a bit, a broken piece or part. 10. A mat. E. bhid to divide, to break, to tear, &c. aff. ktin .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhitti (भित्ति).—i. e. bhid + ti, f. 1. Breaking. 2. A thing broken or divided. 3. A fissure, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 31. 4. A fragment, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 8. 5. A defect. 6. Opportunity. 7. An asylum. 8. A wall of earth or masonry, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Bhitti (भित्ति).—[feminine] breaking, splitting, dividing; a mat (made of split reeds); partition, wall.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bhitti (भित्ति):—[from bhid] f. breaking, splitting, [Kāṭhaka]
2) [v.s. ...] a mat (made of split reeds), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] a wall (of earth or masonry), partition, panel, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Inscriptions] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] (ifc. with parts of the body) a wall-like surface (cf. kapola-, gaṇḍa-bh)
5) [v.s. ...] a fragment, bit, portion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a place, spot, [Mudrārākṣasa]
7) [v.s. ...] a rent, fissure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] a flaw, deficiency, [Horace H. Wilson]
9) [v.s. ...] an opportunity, occasion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhitti (भित्ति):—(ttiḥ) 2. f. A wall; a part; an occasion; an asylum; a rent.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Bhitti (भित्ति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhitti.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Bhitti (भित्ति):—(nf and a) a wall; mural, parietal; ~[citra] a fresco, mural painting.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Bhitti (भित्ति) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhitti.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the act of breaking.
2) [noun] a piece or fragment of a whole.
3) [noun] a whole that is broken.
4) [noun] a long, deep but narrow opening; a fissure; a cleft; a crack.
5) [noun] an upright structure of wood, stone, brick, etc. serving as a support for the roof of a building, as an inner partition, etc.; a wall.
6) [noun] a support for the canvas used for painting on.
7) [noun] the part on which something rests; base; bottom.
8) [noun] a fund, revenue earning land, etc. gifted for conducting religious celebrations or gifted to a person for his or her living.
9) [noun] surroundings, esp. those behind something and providing harmony or contrast; surface against which something is seen; background.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Bhitti-citra, Bhittia, Bhitticaura, Bhittichaura, Bhittidosha, Bhittika, Bhittikhatana, Bhittikhila, Bhittila, Bhittipada, Bhittipadagata, Bhittipatana, Bhittipatra, Bhittiphalaka, Bhittistambha, Bhittivedikabandha.
Ends with (+1): Abhitti, Amgabhitti, Anubhitti, Apurvabhitti, Citrabhitti, Cittabhitti, Gandabhitti, Ghanabhitti, Grihabhitti, Kapolabhitti, Kathabhitti, Kumbhabhitti, Mahabhitti, Manibhitti, Olabhitti, Shailabhitti, Sphatikabhitti, Sudhabhitti, Urubhitti, Vibhitti.
Full-text (+39): Bhitticaura, Kapolabhitti, Bhittika, Manibhitti, Khatana, Shailabhitti, Sudhabhitti, Gandabhitti, Bhittikhatana, Bhittipatana, Sphatikabhitti, Abhitti, Anubhitti, Vilasabhitti, Bhitta, Kudya, Bhinta, Vibhitti, Bhitti-citra, Ghanabhitti.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Bhitti; (plurals include: Bhittis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.4.26 < [Chapter 4 - Journey to the City of Kuṇḍina]
Verse 1.12.6 < [Chapter 12 - Description of Śrī Nanda’s Festival]
Verses 2.16.21-25 < [Chapter 16 - The Worship of Tulasī]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 23 - Vimuktātman (a.d. 1200) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 11 - Padmapāda (a.d. 820) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Pallava period (Social and Cultural History) (by S. Krishnamurthy)
Rathas (monolithic cut-out temples) < [Chapter 2 - Origin of Sculptural Art—Its Development and Scheme]
Scheme of Pallava Sculptures < [Chapter 2 - Origin of Sculptural Art—Its Development and Scheme]
Kashyapa Shilpa-shastra (study) (by K. Vidyuta)