Bhitti: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhitti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to a “wall”. It is also known as kuḍya. It represents a part of the trivarga structure, where it is also known as gala.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to the “wall” of a temple (prāsāda or vimāna). It is considered the second part in the ṣaḍvarga structure.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Bhitti (भित्ति).—The wall of the temple is called by the name bhitti. The word bhitti is derived from the root “bhid” (Sanskrit), which means to separate. The main function of the bhitti. thus, is to separate the different components of the temple plan and the interior from the exterior. Kuḍya is a synonymous term for the bhitti. Bhitti is constructed above the plinth. Bhitti corresponds to that portion of the elevation from the top of the adhiṣṭhāna to the bottom of the prastara.

The walls of the temple are generally built very thick and heavy. They normally contain two layers namely the inner (antarbhitti) and the outer (bāhyabhitti). Both layers are dressed on their exposed surfaces while their back surfaces are roughly treated. The gap between the inner and outer layer is filled with debris material.

The Texts prescribe that the bhitti should be decorated with bhittipādas (‘pilasters’), koṣṭhas (‘niches’), toraṇas (‘canopies’), kumbhapañjaras (‘vase decoration’) and jālavātāyanas (‘perforated windows’). The medium used for the construction of bhitti may be of different types. They are built out of mud, wood, brick and stone.

Mayamata mentions three types of walls. They are:—

  1. jālakakuḍya (wall with perforations),
  2. iṣṭakakuḍya (wall made of bricks),
  3. phalakakuḍya (wall made of planks of stone or wood).

The Śilparatna adds mṛṇmayakuḍya.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Bhitti (भित्ति) refers to “wall §§ 3.16; 4.7, 17; 5.5, 8, 13, 16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhitti : (f.) a wall.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhitti, (f.) (fr. bhid, cp. *Sk. bhitta fragment, & Class. Sk. bhitti wall) a wall Vin. I, 48; D. II, 85; S. II, 103; IV, 183; V, 218; J. I, 491; Vism. 354=VbhA. 58 (in comparison); ThA. 258; VvA. 42, 160, 271, 302; PvA. 24.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhitti (भित्ति).—f. [bhid-ktin]

1) Breaking, splitting; dividing.

2) A wall, partition; समया सौधभित्तिम् (samayā saudhabhittim) Dk.; Śi.4.67. fort-wall; इष्टकोपलमृद्भित्तिप्राकारं पारिघं स्मृतम् (iṣṭakopalamṛdbhittiprākāraṃ pārighaṃ smṛtam) Śukra.4.849.

3) (Hence) Any place, spot or ground (āśraya) to work anything upon; चित्रकर्मरचना भित्तिं विना वर्तते (citrakarmaracanā bhittiṃ vinā vartate) Mu. 2.4.

4) A fragment, bit, piece, portion.

5) Anything broken.

6) A rent, fissure.

7) A mat (made of split reeds).

8) A flaw, defect.

9) An opportunity.

1) A wall-like surface; कपोलभित्ति, गण्डभित्ति (kapolabhitti, gaṇḍabhitti) &c.; सिंहः शिशुरपि निपतति मदमलिनकपोलभित्तिषु गजेषु (siṃhaḥ śiśurapi nipatati madamalinakapolabhittiṣu gajeṣu) Bh.1.38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhitti (भित्ति).—f.

(-ttiḥ) 1. A wall of earth or masonry. 2. A thing broken or divided. 3. A place, a part. 4. Opportunity, occasion. 5. An asylum. 6. Breaking, tearing, dividing. 7. A flaw, a defect. 8. A rent, a fissure. 9. A fragment, a bit, a broken piece or part. 10. A mat. E. bhid to divide, to break, to tear, &c. aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhitti (भित्ति).—i. e. bhid + ti, f. 1. Breaking. 2. A thing broken or divided. 3. A fissure, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 31. 4. A fragment, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 8. 5. A defect. 6. Opportunity. 7. An asylum. 8. A wall of earth or masonry, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 17; [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 50, 6. 9. A place, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhitti (भित्ति).—[feminine] breaking, splitting, dividing; a mat (made of split reeds); partition, wall.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhitti (भित्ति):—[from bhid] f. breaking, splitting, [Kāṭhaka]

2) [v.s. ...] a mat (made of split reeds), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a wall (of earth or masonry), partition, panel, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Inscriptions] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc. with parts of the body) a wall-like surface (cf. kapola-, gaṇḍa-bh)

5) [v.s. ...] a fragment, bit, portion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a place, spot, [Mudrārākṣasa]

7) [v.s. ...] a rent, fissure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a flaw, deficiency, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] an opportunity, occasion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhitti (भित्ति):—f.

1) das Zerbrechen , Erbrechen , Bersten.

2) eine aus geschlitztem Rohr geflochtene Matte.

3) Wand.

4) in Comp. mit bestimmlen Körpertheilen eine wie eine Wand senkrecht abfallende Fläche.

5) *Theil , Stück.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhitti (भित्ति):—(nf and a) a wall; mural, parietal; ~[citra] a fresco, mural painting.

context information

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