Jambira, Jambīra: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Jambira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jambīra (जम्बीर) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Jambira [ଜମ୍ବିର] in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Citrus medica L. from the Rutaceae (Lemon) family having the following synonyms: Citrus bicolor, Citrus cedra, Citrus limetta, Citrus limetta. For the possible medicinal usage of jambira, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Jambīra (जम्बीर) refers to “citron” which is used in the preparation of pickles (upadaṃśa) and represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Upadaṃśa is a section which describes only the properties of pickles. Their preparation is not described here. The pickles prepared by different items [like jambīra (citron), etc.] are described in detail.

Jambīra refers to a “lemon” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., jambīra (lemon)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kodravaka (kodo millet)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jambīra (जम्बीर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm.f.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jambīra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Jambīra (जम्बीर) is a Sanskrit word, identified with “lime” by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as jambīra) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Jambira in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus aurantifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Limonia aurantiifolia Christm. (among others).

2) Jambira is also identified with Citrus aurantium It has the synonym Citrus hystrix H. Perrier (etc.).

3) Jambira is also identified with Citrus limon It has the synonym Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle (etc.).

4) Jambira is also identified with Citrus medica It has the synonym Aurantium medicum (L.) M. Gómez (etc.).

5) Jambira is also identified with Ocimum americanum It has the synonym Ocimum album Roxb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1984)
· Botanical Magazine (2452)
· Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research (1990)
· Revista Brasil. Genét. (1997)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Annales du muséum national d’histoire naturelle (1813)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Jambira, for example side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jambira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jambīra : (m.) the orange tree. (nt.) orange.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jambīra (जंबीर).—m n S Common lime. Citrus acida. 2 The word is applied to many species of Citrus.

--- OR ---

jāmbīra (जांबीर).—m n Common lime &c. See jambīra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jambīra (जंबीर).—m n Common lime, Citrus acida.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jambīra (जम्बीर).—The citron tree.

-ram A citron; बिल्वैः कपित्थैर्जम्बीरैर्वृतो भल्लातकादिभिः (bilvaiḥ kapitthairjambīrairvṛto bhallātakādibhiḥ) Bhāgavata 8.2.14.

Derivable forms: jambīraḥ (जम्बीरः).

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Jāmbīra (जाम्बीर).—A citron.

-lam Ved. The knee-pan.

Derivable forms: jāmbīram (जाम्बीरम्).

See also (synonyms): jāmbīla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambira (जम्बिर).—m.

(-raḥ) A lime: see the next.

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Jambīra (जम्बीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Common lime, (Citrus acida;) the name seems to be applied to more than one species. 2. A plant, called by some a sort of basil, with small leaves; also jambhīra, and jambira. E. jam to eat, īran affix, and vuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jambīra (जम्बीर).—[masculine] the citron tree; [neuter] a citron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jambira (जम्बिर):—[from jabh] a m. See bīra.

2) Jambīra (जम्बीर):—[from jabh] m. (= mbhīra) = mbhin, the citron tree, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 2, 1 3; Skanda-purāṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] = raka, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] n. a citron, [ib.]

5) Jambira (जम्बिर):—b bīra, etc. See √1. jabh.

6) Jāmbīra (जाम्बीर):—n. = jam, a citron [Scholiast or Commentator]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jambira (जम्बिर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A lime.

2) Jambīra (जम्बीर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Common lime.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jambira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṃbīra (ಜಂಬೀರ):—

1) [noun] the small, spiny, semitropical, evergreen citrus tree Citrus medica of Rutaceae family; lemon tree.

2) [noun] its small, egg-shaped, edible citrus fruit with a pale-yellow rind and a juicy, sour pulp, rich in ascorbic acid; lemon.

3) [noun] the plant Origanum vulgare of Lamiaceae family, with fragrant leaves; pot marjoram.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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