Vedika, Vedikā: 12 definitions



Vedika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture

Vedikā (वेदिका) refers to a “square railing”, a concept defined within the ancient Indian “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—The Indian shrine depicted in early bas-reliefs at Bharhut, Sanchi, Mathura and Amravati, has a small square altar, often enclosed by a vedikā (square railing) and shaded by a tree or a chattra (parasol).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Vedika (वेदिक) refers to “platforms”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa verse 5.3.8-13. Accordingly:—“[...] Seeing the city [viz., Laṅkā] everywhere Hanuma (Hanumān) became surprised at heart. Thereafter Hanuma the monkey, became happy seeing the doors which were of golden color, with platforms (vedika) of cat’s eye gems (vaidūrya), inlaid with diamonds, crystals and pearls, embellished with floors of gems, [...], equalling the city of Vasvaukasārā, as though flying towards the sky. Seeing that city of Rāvaṇa, which was best among cities, a wealthy city, a beautiful and auspicious city, that powerful Hanuma thought thus”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vedikā.—(LL), a rail; also, a raised platform (cf. vedi). See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 192. Note: vedikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vedikā : (f.) a platform; a railing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vedikā, (f.) (& vediyā) (fr. vedi) cornice, ledge, railing D. II, 179; Vin. II, 120; J. IV, 229, 266; Vv 786 (vediyā= vedikā VvA. 304); 8416 (=vedikā VvA. 340); VvA. 275. (Page 648)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vēdikā (वेदिका).—f An altar.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vedikā (वेदिका).—

1) A sacrificial altar or ground; इति प्रिये वादिनि वेदिकोदरी (iti priye vādini vedikodarī) Rām. ch.2.57.

2) A raised seat; an elevated spot of ground (usually for sacred purposes); सप्तपर्णवेदिका (saptaparṇavedikā) Ś.1; सदेवदारुद्रुमवदिकायाम् (sadevadārudrumavadikāyām) Ku.3.44.

3) A seat in genearal.

4) An altar, a heap, mound; मन्दाकिनी- सैकतवेदिकाभिः (mandākinī- saikatavedikābhiḥ) Ku.1.29 'by making altars or heaps of sand &c'.

5) A quadrangular open shed in the middle of a court-yard; a pavilion, balcony; तप्तकाञ्चन- वेदिकम् (taptakāñcana- vedikam) (jagrāha); Rām.7.15.37; सुरवेश्मवेदिका (suraveśmavedikā) Ki.7.12.

6) An arbour, a bower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vedikā (वेदिका).—(= Pali id.), railing, especially one made of bars with interstices, or network, of the kind commonly surrounding Buddhist stūpas; in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] around cities: °kā Mahāvyutpatti 5586 = Tibetan lan kan (railing), and others; °kāyāḥ sphaṭikamayā sūcī ālambanam adhiṣṭhānam Divyāvadāna 221.8 (compare sūcī); (nagarī…uccaistoraṇa-)-gavākṣa-vātāyana- °kā-pratimaṇḍitā Divyāvadāna 315.9; coping on a roof,-pravṛddhod- dhṛta-vedikaṃ ca tṛṇacchadaṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 83.2 (verse; so with WT and Kashgar recension), the thatched roof was old and had a cracked (yawning, uddhṛta) coping; °kā-jāla, nt., network of a railing, °lam Mahāvyutpatti 5583 = Tibetan lan kan gyi dra ba; rāja- dhānī saptahi °kā-jālehi parikṣiptā Mahāvastu i.194.18 = iii.227.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedikā (वेदिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A quadrangular open shed in the middle of a courtyard, erected for various purposes: see vitarddi. 2. Ground prepared for sacrificial ceremonies, a rude kind of altar. E. kan added to the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedikā (वेदिका).—[vedi + kā], f. 1. Ground prepared for sacrificial ceremonies, a rude altar, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 60, 3. 2. A quadrangular open shed in the middle of a court-yard, erected for various purposes, and furnished with a seat, [Pañcatantra] 129, 17. 3. A seat, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 75, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vedikā (वेदिका).—[feminine] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vedikā (वेदिका):—[from vedaka > veda] a f. See sub voce

2) Vedika (वेदिक):—[from veda] m. a seat, bench, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

3) Vedikā (वेदिका):—[from vedika > veda] b f. (cf. vedaka and 1. vedi) idem, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial ground, altar, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a balcony, pavilion (= vitardi), [Naiṣadha-carita; Vāsavadattā; Pañcatantra]

6) Vedīka (वेदीक):—[from veda] (ifc.) = vedī, a pavilion, balcony, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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