Markata, Markaṭa, Mārkaṭa: 21 definitions


Markata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Markaṭa (मर्कट) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Markaṭa (मर्कट) refers to a “crab” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.14 (“The Gaṇas argue and wrangle”).—Accordingly, as her friends said to Pārvatī: “[...] When this man belonging to us is taunted, it amounts to our being taunted. Hence, O gentle lady, you shall not abandon your prestige of high order. Śiva always squeezes you like a crab (markaṭa-vat), O Satī. What will he do now? His pride will take a favourable turn for us”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Markaṭa (मर्कट) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Markaṭa (मर्कट):—Monkey .

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Markaṭa (मर्कट) refers to the Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiate), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Markaṭa (मर्कट) refers to a “monkey”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Above [Śiva] is the tranquil (energy called) Śivā. [...] If he desires liberation, the one who possesses (this) glory should abide on that plane. [...] And then the (Supreme) State arises and that state is Śāmbhavī, (otherwise called) Śivā. [...] Pulsating there, he should ascend from the foundation of the root (Wheel) as does a monkey (markaṭa) (along) a tree, from the soles of the feet up to the top of the head. Then comes liberation in the venerable Śrīkrama. Beyond that is the Transmental. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Markaṭa (मर्कट, “ape”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. As a result of greed (mātsarya), envy (īrṣyā), impulsiveness and haste, they take the form of [for example], an ape (markaṭa).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

markaṭa (मर्कट).—m n (S) A monkey or an ape.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

markaṭa (मर्कट).—m n A monkey or an ape.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—1 An ape, a monkey; हारं वक्षसि केनापि दत्तमज्ञेन मर्कटः । लेढि जिघ्रति संक्षिप्य करोत्युन्नतमासनम् (hāraṃ vakṣasi kenāpi dattamajñena markaṭaḥ | leḍhi jighrati saṃkṣipya karotyunnatamāsanam) Bv.1.99.

2) A spider.

3) A kind of crane.

4) A kind of coitus or mode of sexual enjoyment.

5) A kind of poison.

-ṭī 1 A female ape.

2) Name of various plants.

3) An iron bolt.

Derivable forms: markaṭaḥ (मर्कटः).

--- OR ---

Mārkaṭa (मार्कट).—a. Apish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—(1) name of a gandharva: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 162.2; (2) nt., name of a town (nigama) in Avanti: Mahāvastu iii.382.10 (v.l. karttakaṃ); compare Pali Makkarakaṭa, a locality (once called nagara) in Avanti (Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A monkey, or ape. 2. A spider. 3. The large crane, called in India the adjutant, (Ardea argala.) 4. A mode of sexual enjoyment. 5. A kind of venom. f. (-ṭī) 1. A variety of grey Bonduc, (Guilandina bonduccella.) 2. Cowatch, (Carpopogon pruriens.) 3. A small or female monkey. E. marka a Sautra root, to go, Unadi aff. aṭan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—[marka + ṭa], m. 1. A monkey, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 67; [Pañcatantra] 118, 12. 2. A spider. 3. A large crane, Ardea argala. 4. A kind of venom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—[masculine] ī [feminine] ape, monkey.

--- OR ---

Mārkaṭa (मार्कट).—[feminine] ī apish, monkey-like.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Markaṭa (मर्कट):—[from mark] m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 81]) a monkey, ape, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, [ṢaḍvBr.] (the adjutant or Indian crane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

3) [v.s. ...] a spider, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a sort of poison or venom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a mode of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Pravara texts]

7) [from mark] n. an iron monkey-shaped bolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Mārkaṭa (मार्कट):—mf(ī)n. ([from] markaṭa) peculiar to a monkey, m°-like, apish, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A monkey or ape; a spider; a large crane, adjutant; venom. f. (ṭī) Grey Bonduc; cowatch; small female monkey.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Markaṭa (मर्कट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maṃkaṇa, Makkaḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Markata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Markata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट) [Also spelled markat]:—(nm) a monkey.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Markaṭa (ಮರ್ಕಟ):—

1) [noun] any of several families of Old and New World primates usu. having a flat, hairless face and a long tail; a monkey.

2) [noun] a predatory arachnid with eight legs, two poison fangs, two feelers, and two silk-spinning organs at the backof the body to spin silk to make cocoons for eggs or to trap for prey; a spider.

3) [noun] (myth.) name of a hell.

4) [noun] a person lacking intellectual acuity; a stupid fellow.

5) [noun] (erot.) a kind of embrace in a sitting position.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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