Markata, aka: Markaṭa, Mārkaṭa; 8 Definition(s)


Markata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Markata in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Markaṭa (मर्कट) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

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Markaṭa (मर्कट) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Markaṭa (मर्कट, “ape”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. As a result of greed (mātsarya), envy (īrṣyā), impulsiveness and haste, they take the form of [for example], an ape (markaṭa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Markata in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

markaṭa (मर्कट).—m n (S) A monkey or an ape.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

markaṭa (मर्कट).—m n A monkey or an ape.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—1 An ape, a monkey; हारं वक्षसि केनापि दत्तमज्ञेन मर्कटः । लेढि जिघ्रति संक्षिप्य करोत्युन्नतमासनम् (hāraṃ vakṣasi kenāpi dattamajñena markaṭaḥ | leḍhi jighrati saṃkṣipya karotyunnatamāsanam) Bv.1.99.

2) A spider.

3) A kind of crane.

4) A kind of coitus or mode of sexual enjoyment.

5) A kind of poison.

-ṭī 1 A female ape.

2) Name of various plants.

3) An iron bolt.

Derivable forms: markaṭaḥ (मर्कटः).

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Mārkaṭa (मार्कट).—a. Apish.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—(1) n. of a gandharva: Suv 162.2; (2) nt., n. of a town (nigama) in Avanti: Mv iii.382.10 (v.l. karttakaṃ); compare Pali Makkarakaṭa, a locality (once called nagara) in Avanti (DPPN).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Markaṭa (मर्कट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A monkey, or ape. 2. A spider. 3. The large crane, called in India the adjutant, (Ardea argala.) 4. A mode of sexual enjoyment. 5. A kind of venom. f. (-ṭī) 1. A variety of grey Bonduc, (Guilandina bonduccella.) 2. Cowatch, (Carpopogon pruriens.) 3. A small or female monkey. E. marka a Sautra root, to go, Unadi aff. aṭan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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