Darvi, Dārvī: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Darvi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Dārvī (दार्वी):—A Sanskrit word referring to “Indian barberry” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Its official botanical name is Berberis aristata and it is commonly referred to in English as “Indian Barberry” or “Tree Turmeric”. It is native to the Himalayas, but other species of the genus are found throughout the temperate and sub-tropical regions of Asia.

This plant (Dārvī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant has the synonym Dāru.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Dārvī (दार्वी) or Rasāñjana refers to the medicinal plant Berberis aristata DC., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Dārvī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Berberis aristata DC. (Dārvī, Rasāñjana) is also known as Dāruharidrā according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dārvī (दार्वी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dārvī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dārvī (दार्वी).—An ancient town in India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 54).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Darvī (दर्वी) refers to the “ladle” (used for eating food), according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Those said to be learned in comprehending the teachings of [the fourteen branches of Brahmanical] learning, [but] do not know the highest reality of the self, are just like the ladle (darvī) [which does not know] the taste of cooked food. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Darvi (दर्वि), or Darvī (दर्वी), properly denotes a ‘ ladle,’ in which sense it is found in the Rigveda and later. But the word also means a serpent’s ‘hood’ in the Atharvaveda, though Zimmer regards it as the name of a serpent.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Darvi in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Berberis aristata DC. from the Berberidaceae (Barberry) family having the following synonyms: Berberis coccinea, Berberis macrophylla. For the possible medicinal usage of darvi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Darvi in India is the name of a plant defined with Berberis aristata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Berberis aristata Sims.

2) Darvi is also identified with Berberis asiatica It has the synonym Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC. (etc.).

3) Darvi is also identified with Coscinium fenestratum It has the synonym Menispermum fenestratum Gaertn. (etc.).

4) Darvi is also identified with Elephantopus mollis It has the synonym Asterocephalus cochinchinensis Spreng. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Botany (1939)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)
· Primitiae Florae Essequeboensis (1818)
· Newslett. Int. Organ. Pl. Biosyst. (Oslo) (1997)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)
· American Journal of Chinese Medicine (1991)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Darvi, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Darvī (दर्वी) or Darvi (दर्वि).—f. [dṝ-vin vā ṅīp]

1) A ladle, spoon.

2) The expanded hood of a snake; पृथुदर्विभृतस्ततः फणीन्द्रा (pṛthudarvibhṛtastataḥ phaṇīndrā) Śiśupālavadha 2.42.

Derivable forms: , darviḥ (दर्विः).

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Dārvī (दार्वी).—f.

1) A ladle.

2) a kind of turmeric.

3) A kind of tree (Mar. dāruhaḷada); दार्वी तु देवदारुहरिद्रयोः स्रुचि दारु- हरिद्रायाम् (dārvī tu devadāruharidrayoḥ sruci dāru- haridrāyām)......Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dārvī (दार्वी) or Dārvvī.—f. (-rvī) 1. A sort of Curcuma, (C. zanthorrhizon.) 2. A kind of pine: see devadāru. 3. Turmeric. 4. Gojihwa, a potherb. 5. A collyrium extracted from an infusion of the Curcuma zanthorrhizon. E. dṝ to tear or dissipate (disease,) uṇ affix fem. affix ṅīṣḥ see dāru .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Darvi (दर्वि).—darvī, i. e. dṛ10 + vī, 1. A spoon, Mahābhārata 2, 1945. 2. The expanded hood of a snake (see the next). 3. The name of a country, Mahābhārata 6, 362.

Darvi can also be spelled as Darvī (दर्वी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Darvi (दर्वि).—[feminine] the same; the hood of a snake.

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Darvī (दर्वी).—[feminine] the same; the hood of a snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Darvi (दर्वि):—[from darma] f. ‘wooden (cf. dru)’, a ladle, [Ṛg-veda v, x; Atharva-veda] ([vocative case] ve, [iii, 10, 7]; cf. [Pāṇini 7-3, 109], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali])

2) [v.s. ...] the hood of a snake (cf. vi-darvya), [Atharva-veda x, 4, 13]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Uśīnara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 18, 1] ([varia lectio] va).

4) Darvī (दर्वी):—[from darma] f. = vi, a ladle, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā ii, 49] ([vocative case] vi; cf. [Pāṇini 7-3, 109; Vārtt. 2]), [Kauśika-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] the hood of a snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a country, [vi, 362].

7) Dārvī (दार्वी):—[from dārva > dāru] f. Curcuma Aromatica or Xanthorrhiza, also a kind of collyrium extracted from it, [Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] = deva-dāru, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = go-jihvikā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dārvī (दार्वी):—(rvvī) 3. f. A sort of curcuma; of pine; of potherb; of collyrium; of turmeric.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Darvī (दर्वी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Davvī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Darvi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Darvi (ದರ್ವಿ):—

1) [noun] a long-handled utensil with a cup-shaped bowl for serving for stirring liquids.

2) [noun] a wooden spoon with long hand used in religious sacrifices for pouring the clarified butter into the sacrificial fire.

3) [noun] the expanded skin near the head of an excited cobra; the hood.

4) [noun] (fig.) a person used by another as a means in bringing something about.

--- OR ---

Dārvi (ದಾರ್ವಿ):—[noun] the tree Morinda citrifolia of Rubiaceae family; turmeric timber tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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