Madhurika, Madhurikā: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Madhurika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Madhurika in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Madhurikā (मधुरिका) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.18). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Madhurikā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (M) next»] — Madhurika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Madhurikā (मधुरिका) is another name for Miśreyā, an unidentified medicinal plant possibly identified with Foeniculum vulgare (synonym Foeniculum capillaceum) or “fennel”, from the Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) or “carrot family” of flowering plants, according to verse 4.14-19 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see Śatāhvā. Together with the names Madhurikā and Miśreyā, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Madhurikā (मधुरिका) refers to “dill seed” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kapittha fruit (wood apple)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., madhurikā (dill seed)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Madhurika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhurikā (मधुरिका).—sweet fennel (Mar. baḍīśepa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhurikā (मधुरिका).—f.

(-kā) A sort of fennel, (Anethum sowa, Rox.) E. madhurā the same, kan aff.; this name is applied also to the Anethum panmorium, Rox. and the Bengali derivative Mouri is applied to common anise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madhurikā (मधुरिका):—[from madhuraka > madhu] f. Anethum Panmorium (others a kind of fennel), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Sinapis Racemosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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