Katphala, Kaṭphala, Katphalā, Kaṭphalā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Katphala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kaṭphala (कट्फल) is a Sanskrit word referring to “bayberry tree”, a small tree from the Myricaceae family of shrubs and trees, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It can aslo be spelled as Katphalā (कत्फला). The official botanical name is Myrica nagi and is commonly known in English as “Box myrtle” or “Kafal” among others.

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Ayurvedic work), this plant (kaṭphala) is mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

2) Kaṭphalā (कट्फला) is another name (synonym) for Vārttākī, which is the Sanskrit word for Solanum melongena (eggplant), a plant from the Solanaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.194-195), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Kaṭphala (कट्फल).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Kaṭphala is astringent, bitter, pungent, hot and pacifies kapha and vāta. The use of the bark as snuff is prescribed in disease of head and nose.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Kaṭphalā (कट्फला) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echinata (bitter sponge gourd or bitter luffa) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.58-60 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kaṭphalā and Jīmūtaka, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Kaṭphalā (कट्फला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Bṛhatī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum indicum var. lividum (synonym of Solanum anguivi or ‘forest bitterberry’ or ‘African eggplant’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.23-25. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kaṭphalā and Bṛhatī, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

3) Kaṭphalā (कट्फला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kākamācī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum nigrum Linn. (or ‘black nightshade’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.133-135. Together with the names Kaṭphalā and Kākamācī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kaṭphala (कट्फल) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Myrica nagi Thunb.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kaṭphala] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭphala (कट्फल).—Name of a tree, commonly called कायफळ (kāyaphaḷa).

Derivable forms: kaṭphalaḥ (कट्फलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭphala (कट्फल).—m.

(-laḥ) A small tree found in the north-west of Hindustan, the bark and seeds of which are used in medicine, and as aromatics; the fruit also is eaten; the common name is Kayaphala. f.

(-lā) 1. A plant, (Gmelina arborea, Rox.) 2. The egg plant, &c. E. kaṭa instead of kaṭu acrid, and phala fruit, fem. affix ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭphala (कट्फल).—[masculine] names of trees.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṭphala (कट्फल):—[=kaṭ-phala] [from kaṭ] a m. (for kaṭu-phala, but different in meaning from it), Name of a small tree (found in the north-west of Hindūstān, the aromatic bark and seeds of which are used in medicine; the fruit is eaten; the common name is Kāyaphal), [Suśruta]

2) Kaṭphalā (कट्फला):—[=kaṭ-phalā] [from kaṭ-phala > kaṭ] f. Name of several plants.

3) Kaṭphala (कट्फल):—[=kaṭ-phala] b See above.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kaṭphala (कट्फल):—(kaṭu + phala)

1) m. Name eines Baumes mit würziger Frucht und Rinde, welche med. viel gebraucht werden (vulg. kāyaphala), [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 21. 3, 4, 1, 8.] [AINSLIE 2, 152.] [Suśruta 1, 138, 8. 141, 3. 142, 20. 2, 39, 3. 100, 10. 276, 15. 340, 3. 371, 1. 379, 11. 17.] —

2) f. Name verschiedener Pflanzen: Gmelina arborea Roxb. (gambhārī) [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] verschiedene Species von Solanum (bṛhatī, kākamācī, vārtākī), = devadālī (vgl. kaṇṭaphalā) und mṛgervāru [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kaṭphala (कट्फल):——

1) m. ein best. Baum mit würziger Frucht und Rinde.

2) f. ā *Gmelina arborea und verschiedene Species von Solanaceen [Rājan 9,19.] Myrica sapida [Materia medica of the Hindus 234.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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