Dhattura, Dhattūra: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dhattura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

Dhattūra (Datura metel) fruit has pungent (kaṭu) taste and heat (uṣṇa), produces beauty of complexion, removes pain of ulcer (vraṇa), gets overskin diseases including kuṣṭha when it is used as ointment or paste (lepana), overcomes fever, prevails against skin disorders (tvagdoṣa), intractable itching and fever, and is intoxicant.

Dhattūra-paste was expected to speed up the ripening (pacyamāna) and suppurating processes of ulcer (vraṇa), and to make vitiated doṣas and waste materials (malas) drain out. Dhattūra-paste is, as described in the Jyotsnikā, applied for the treatment of a kind of snake-bite (maṇḍali snake-bite) in principle.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Dhattūra (धत्तूर) refers to Datura metel (whose toxic effects require treatment), and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need (viz., dhattūra) of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Dhattūra (धत्तूर) refers to the medicinal plant known Datura metel Linn.—Dhattūra seeds are highly toxic and may be fatal, due to the presence of alkaloids in them. Most of the side-effects (dryness of the mouth, excessive thirst, cramps, unconsciousness, and giddiness) are due to anticholinergic property of the alkaloids present in this plant.

In the Śodhana (purification process) of Dhattūra, seeds are soaked in freshly collected Gomūtra and kept aside for 12 h. After washing, the seeds are transferred to the dolā-yantra for svedana process for 3 h. The seeds are again washed with lukewarm water, allowed to dry and the seeds testa are removed. Reduction in total alkaloid content and increase in total protein content of seed were observed after Śodhana. Complete removal of scopolamine and partial removal of hyosciamine reflects the importance of Śodhana of Dhattūra by means of which the toxic effects are removed.

(cf. Āyurvedaprakāśa, Yogaratnākara, Rasataraṅgiṇī and Bhaiṣajyaratnāvalī)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhattura in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Dhattūra (धत्तूर) is an item used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat, green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

2) Dhattūra (धत्तूर) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] a person desirous of long life shall worship him with Dūrvā grass. A person desirous of sons (putra-kāma) shall worship him with Dhattūra flowers (kusuma). A Dhattūra plant with red stem (raktadaṇḍa) is specially auspicious for worship. A worshipper using Agastya flowers will earn great fame”.

3) Dhattūra (धत्तूर) is also mentioned as a tree conjured by Vasanta (spring) in an attempt to charm Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.9. Accordingly as Kāma related to Brahmā:—“[...] Spring (Vasanta) too did the needful in enchanting Him. O, listen to it, O fortunate Being. I tell you the truth, the truth alone. [...] He made creepers full of flowers twine round trees as if resting on their laps with great attachment—Seedlings of Dhattūra were scattered to beautify the place. On seeing the trees abounding in beautiful flowers rustling in the fragrant breeze, even the sages became slaves of Kāma, then what about other (ordinary mortals)?”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dhattūra (धत्तूर) flowers are used in worship in the month Bhādrapada for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the Bhādrapada, the tooth-brush is that of kadaṃba-wood. The food taken is aguru. The deity to be worshipped is Sadyojāta. The flowers used in worship are dhattūra. The naivedya offerings is śālibhakta. The result accrued equals all sacrifices.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Dhattūra (धत्तूर) refers to one of the various leaves and flowers used in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Dhattūra][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Dhattura is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D). Dhattura refers to a plant famous for its poisonous and intoxicating juice.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees, creepers medicinal and flowering plants (e.g., Dhattura) and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Gardens of herbs were specially maintained in big cities. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dhattura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhattūra (धत्तूर).—m (S) The thorn-apple, Datura.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhatturā (धत्तुरा).—m Roguery, knavery.

--- OR ---

dhattūra (धत्तूर).—m The thorn-apple.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhattūra (धत्तूर).—The white thorn-apple (Mar. dhotarā).

Derivable forms: dhattūraḥ (धत्तूरः).

See also (synonyms): dhattūraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhattūra (धत्तूर).—m.

(-raḥ) The thorn apple: see dhustara. E. dheṭa to drink, urac affix, or more correctly, dhayayi dhātūn dhā-ūra-pṛ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhattūra (धत्तूर).—[masculine] thorn-apple; [neuter] its fruit, gold.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhattūra (धत्तूर):—m. the white thorn-apple, Datura Alba (used as a poison), [Suśruta] (also raka m. rakā f.), [Bhāvaprakāśa; Kāvya literature]

2) gold, [Kāvya literature]

3) n. the fruit of Datura Alba, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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