Aushadhi, Auṣadhi, Aushadhin, Auṣadhin: 20 definitions


Aushadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Auṣadhi and Auṣadhin can be transliterated into English as Ausadhi or Aushadhi or Ausadhin or Aushadhin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine, Volume 2

Aushadhi: Derived from oshadhi (‘medicinal herb’) the word is generally employed for all drugs, especially of vegetable origin. According to Charaka-Samhitā (sūtra, 26,12), there is no substance in the world which does not have some medicinal use but one must consider the method of use (yukti, Chkp. upāya) and the purpose (artha, Chkp. prayojana) or the disease-condition before employing any substance as a drug; careful selection of the substances need to be treated before they can be wholesome for the boy; otherwise their effect would be undesirable.

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Auṣadhi (औषधि) or Auṣadhikalpa is the name of a chapter of the Kalpalatā, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Kalpalatā deals with the preparation of medicine [e.g., Auṣadhi-kalpa] from various plants.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Auṣadhi (औषधि):—Herbs having limited life cycle till fruiting or maturityi. e annual plants

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Auṣadhin (औषधिन्) refers to “(skilled) physicians”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Sagittarius (Dhanuṣa), ministers, fine horses, the Videhas, the Mallānas, the Pāñcālas, physicians, merchants and persons skilled in the use of destructive weapons will perish. If when in the sign of Capricornus (Makara), fishes, the families of ministers, the Cāṇḍālas, skilled magicians, physicians [i.e., mantramantrauṣadhīṣu kuśalān] and old soldiers will perish”.

2) Auṣadhī (औषधी) refers to “medicinal plants”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Jyeṣṭhā, the king’s chaplain, the king’s favorites, valient soldiers and mixed crowds of men of different castes will suffer; if through Mūla, the people of Benares, of Kośala and of Pāñcāla, fruits, medicinal plants and soldiers will suffer [i.e., auṣadhī-yodha]. If his course should lie through the constellation of Pūrvāṣādha, the people of Aṅga, of Vaṅga, of Kośala, of Girivraja, of Magadha, of Puṇḍra, of Mithilā and of Tāmralipta will suffer miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Auṣadhi (औषधि) refers to “medicinal herbs”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.8-13, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[...] [It is auspicious when one dreams of] a pill, wood for cleaning the teeth, yellow pigment on a sword or sandal, sacred thread, ointment, nectar, mercury, medicinal herbs (auṣadhipāratauṣadhīḥ), śakti, a water jar, lotus, rosary, red arsenic or blazing objects of siddhas, which have red chalk as their ends. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: God Talks With Arjuna

Aushadhi, literally, “plants,” also rendered oshadhi, from osha, “light-bearing”; reference to plant life as being sustained by light through photosynthesis. The metaphorical corollary is that man is similarly sustained by the light of God through the metamorphosis brought about by the action of the elemental principles of Prakriti.

Source: China Buddhism Encyclopedia: Hinduism

Auṣadhi (“medicinal plant, herb, drug, Incense, elixir”).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Auṣadhi (औषधि) or Auṣadhisaṃdhāraṇī refers to the “(protection of) herbs” as occurring in the Heart-mantra (hṛdayamantra) taught to Vajrapāṇi, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Auṣadhi (औषधि, “healing power”) or Auṣadhiriddhi refers to “the power by which can heal any type of disease of the patient by just touching or being close to the patient” and represents one of the eight types of ṛddhi (extraordinary powers), that can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people): one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46.—Some ascetics attain extraordinary powers to produce worldly miracles. Such attainments are called ṛddhi. There are eight types of such extraordinary powers (e.g., Auṣadhi).

Auṣadhi-ṛddhi (extraordinary power of healing) is of eight types namely:

  1. healing by excreta (viṣṭhā-riddhi),
  2. excretion’s (mala-riddhi),
  3. touch / proximity (āmra-riddhi),
  4. sweat (ujjavala-riddhi),
  5. cough etc (kṣvela-riddhi),
  6. penecea (sarvauṣadhi-riddhi),
  7. removal of poison (dṛṣṭiviṣa-riddhi),
  8. poison antidote (viṣanāśana-riddhi).
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

auṣadhī (औषधी).—f (ōṣadhī S) A tree, shrub, herb, plant gen.

--- OR ---

auṣadhī (औषधी).—a (S) Medicinal, of healing virtue.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

auṣadhi (औषधि).—f A tree, herb. a Medicinal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि) or Auṣadhī (औषधी).—f.

1) A herb, plant (in general); Y.3.276 v. l.; see ओषधि (oṣadhi).

2) A medicinal herb; अचिन्त्यो हि मणिमन्त्रौषधीनां प्रभावः (acintyo hi maṇimantrauṣadhīnāṃ prabhāvaḥ) Ratnāvalī 2.

3) An herb which emits fire; विरमन्ति न ज्वलितुमौषधयः (viramanti na jvalitumauṣadhayaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.24 (tṛṇa- jyotīṣi Malli.); cf. Kumārasambhava 1.1.

4) An annual or deciduous plant; °धीपतिः (dhīpatiḥ) Name of Soma, the lord of plants.

-pañcaprakārāḥ (1) Juice of green herb (rasa). (2) Powder

Derivable forms: auṣadhiḥ (औषधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Auṣaḍhi (औषढि).—(n) , or °dhi(n), name of a Tathāgata: Mahāvastu iii.236.10, 11. Senart reads °ḍhim, acc., and °ḍhī, nom.; but v.l. °dhaṃ (read °dhiṃ) and °dhī resp., which are surely to be read.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि).—n. (-dhi) A deciduous plant, an annual as grass, &c. E. See oṣadhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि).—auṣadhī = oṣadhi, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 24; Mahābhārata 13, 454.

Auṣadhi can also be spelled as Auṣadhī (औषधी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Auṣadhī (औषधी):—[from auṣadha] f. Name of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Matsya-purāṇa]

2) Auṣadhi (औषधि):—[from auṣadha] or ī f. = oṣadhi q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि):—(dhiḥ) 1. m. A deciduous plant.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aushadhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Auṣadhi (ಔಷಧಿ):—[noun] = ಔಷಧ - [aushadha -] 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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