Aushadhi, Auṣadhi: 11 definitions

Introduction

Aushadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Auṣadhi can be transliterated into English as Ausadhi or Aushadhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Encyclopaedia of Indian Medicine, Volume 2

Aushadhi: Derived from oshadhi (‘medicinal herb’) the word is generally employed for all drugs, especially of vegetable origin. According to Charaka-Samhitā (sūtra, 26,12), there is no substance in the world which does not have some medicinal use but one must consider the method of use (yukti, Chkp. upāya) and the purpose (artha, Chkp. prayojana) or the disease-condition before employing any substance as a drug; careful selection of the substances need to be treated before they can be wholesome for the boy; otherwise their effect would be undesirable.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: God Talks With Arjuna

Aushadhi, literally, “plants,” also rendered oshadhi, from osha, “light-bearing”; reference to plant life as being sustained by light through photosynthesis. The metaphorical corollary is that man is similarly sustained by the light of God through the metamorphosis brought about by the action of the elemental principles of Prakriti.

Source: China Buddhism Encyclopedia: Hinduism

Auṣadhi (“medicinal plant, herb, drug, Incense, elixir”).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Auṣadhi (औषधि, “healing power”) or Auṣadhiriddhi refers to “the power by which can heal any type of disease of the patient by just touching or being close to the patient” and represents one of the eight types of ṛddhi (extraordinary powers), that can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people): one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46.—Some ascetics attain extraordinary powers to produce worldly miracles. Such attainments are called ṛddhi. There are eight types of such extraordinary powers (eg., Auṣadhi).

Auṣadhi-ṛddhi (extraordinary power of healing) is of eight types namely:

  1. healing by excreta (viṣṭhā-riddhi),
  2. excretion’s (mala-riddhi),
  3. touch / proximity (āmra-riddhi),
  4. sweat (ujjavala-riddhi),
  5. cough etc (kṣvela-riddhi),
  6. penecea (sarvauṣadhi-riddhi),
  7. removal of poison (dṛṣṭiviṣa-riddhi),
  8. poison antidote (viṣanāśana-riddhi).
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

auṣadhī (औषधी).—f (ōṣadhī S) A tree, shrub, herb, plant gen.

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auṣadhī (औषधी).—a (S) Medicinal, of healing virtue.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

auṣadhi (औषधि).—f A tree, herb. a Medicinal.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि) or Auṣadhī (औषधी).—f.

1) A herb, plant (in general); Y.3.276 v. l.; see ओषधि (oṣadhi).

2) A medicinal herb; अचिन्त्यो हि मणिमन्त्रौषधीनां प्रभावः (acintyo hi maṇimantrauṣadhīnāṃ prabhāvaḥ) Ratn.2.

3) An herb which emits fire; विरमन्ति न ज्वलितुमौषधयः (viramanti na jvalitumauṣadhayaḥ) Ki.5.24 (tṛṇa- jyotīṣi Malli.); cf. Ku.1.1.

4) An annual or deciduous plant; °धीपतिः (dhīpatiḥ) Name of Soma, the lord of plants.

-pañcaprakārāḥ (1) Juice of green herb (rasa). (2) Powder

Derivable forms: auṣadhiḥ (औषधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Auṣaḍhi (औषढि).—(n) , or °dhi(n), name of a Tathāgata: Mahāvastu iii.236.10, 11. Senart reads °ḍhim, acc., and °ḍhī, nom.; but v.l. °dhaṃ (read °dhiṃ) and °dhī resp., which are surely to be read.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि).—n. (-dhi) A deciduous plant, an annual as grass, &c. E. See oṣadhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Auṣadhi (औषधि).—auṣadhī = oṣadhi, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 24; Mahābhārata 13, 454.

Auṣadhi can also be spelled as Auṣadhī (औषधी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Auṣadhī (औषधी):—[from auṣadha] f. Name of Dākṣāyaṇī, [Matsya-purāṇa]

2) Auṣadhi (औषधि):—[from auṣadha] or ī f. = oṣadhi q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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