Samirana, Samīraṇa: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Samirana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samirana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Samīraṇa (समीरण) refers to the “cosmic air”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.1 (“The dalliance of Śiva”).—Accordingly, after Lord Viṣṇu spoke to Brahmā: “On account of the dalliance of Śiva and Pārvatī, the earth quaked with the weight along with Śeṣa (the serpent) and Kacchapa (the tortoise). By the weight of Kacchapa, the cosmic air (samīraṇa), the support of everything, was stunned and the three worlds became terrified and agitated. Then the gods along with me sought refuge in Viṣṇu and in our depression intimated to him the news”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Samīraṇa (समीरण).—Is Vāyu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 12 etc.: Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 325: Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 58: 18. 56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samirana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samīraṇa (समीरण) refers to the “breath”, according to the Haṭhapradīpikā of Svātmārāma: an influential 15th-century Sanskrit manual on Hatha-Yoga dealing with techniques to channel one’s vital energy.—Accordingly, “There are two causes of mental activity; habitual tendencies and the breath (samīraṇa). When one of [these] two [causes] disappears, [then] both [the other cause and mental activity] also disappear”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samirana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samīraṇa : (m.) the wind.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण).—

1) Air, wind; समीरणो नोदयिता भवेति व्यादिश्यते केन हुताशनस्य (samīraṇo nodayitā bhaveti vyādiśyate kena hutāśanasya) Kumārasambhava 3.21;1.8.

2) The breath.

3) A traveller.

4) Name of a plant (marubaka).

5) Wind of the body (of which there are five).

6) Numbrer 'five.'

-ṇam Throwing, sending forth.

Derivable forms: samīraṇaḥ (समीरणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Air, wind. 2. A plant, commonly Maruvaka. 3. A traveller. n.

(-ṇaṃ) Throwing. E. sam completely, īr to go, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण).—i. e. sam-īr + ana, I. m. 1. Air, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 148, 20; wind, [Arjunasamāgama] 4, 7. 2. A traveller. 3. A plant, commonly Maruvaka. Ii. n. Throwing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण).—[adjective] setting in motion, exciting; [masculine] = [preceding], also the god of the wind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samīraṇa (समीरण):—[=sam-īraṇa] [from sam-īr] mfn. setting in motion, causing activity, stimulating, promoting, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Caraka]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) breeze, wind, air, breath (also ‘the god of wind’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] wind of the body (of which there are five See vāyu), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the number ‘five’ [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] a traveller, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] marjoram or a similar plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. setting in motion, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

8) [v.s. ...] hurling, throwing, [Mahābhārata]

9) Sāmīraṇa (सामीरण):—mfn. ([from] sam-īraṇa) relating to the wind, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण):—[samī+raṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. Idem; a plant, Maruā; a traveller. n. Throwing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samīraṇa (समीरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samīraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samirana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samīraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samīraṇa (ಸಮೀರಣ):—

1) [noun] = ಸಮೀರ - [samira -]1.

2) [noun] the plant Origanum vulgare of the same family; pot marjoram.

3) [noun] (pros.) a metrical foot consisting of two short syllablic instants followed by a long one (uu-); anapaestus.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samirana in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Samīraṇa (समीरण):—n. 1. air; wind; 2. traveller; adj. movable; dynamic; mobile; moving;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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