Avali, Āvalī, Avvaḻi: 27 definitions


Avali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Āvalī (आवली) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Āvalī has 20 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, [ISI or IIII], 4, [ISI or IIII] and 2 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Āvalī (आवली) refers to “ripples”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Having entered the Cavity of Brahmā, he should think that it is in the Supreme Void. Then he should practice contemplation and (so) bring the supreme energy (there). O Śambhu, supreme (transcendent) and inferior (immanent), it shines with ripples, currents and waves [i.e., āvalī-ūrmō-tarāṅga-ābhā] within the universe filling it spontaneously right up to the Circle of Birth. Having (thus) formed the Gesture (in this way) as explained previously and raised the arm, he should extend the left hand. (This is Kuṇḍalinī who, straightened, is called) the Great Stick and is well known as Alekhyā (Indescribable). [...]”.

2) Āvali (आनन्द) or Āvalibheda refers to the “modality of Āvali ” and represents one of the six modalities (ṣaṭprakāra) of Kula, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 1.30-35ab.—Accordingly, “[...] And that also, O fair lady, consisting of six authorities, is two-fold, divided into prior and subsequent. O most excellent daughter of the mountains, this Kula has six modalities, namely, Ānanda, Āvali [e.g., āvali-bheda], Prabhu and Yogin, in due order, (along with) Atīta, and the one called Pāda. Such is the Kula tradition characterized by supreme non-duality”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Āvali (आवलि) refers to a “row (of bracelets)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then the portal to the sanctum sanctorum, a riot of colour and form:] She was being illuminated by the entrance, on which there were hanging cloths reddened by lamp-smoke, a row of bracelets made of peacock-throats  (śikhigala-valaya-āvali) festooned [over it], a garland of bells closely-set and pale with powdered flour-cakes, which supported two door-panels, [studded] with tin lion heads with thick, iron pins in their centres, barricaded with an ivory-rod bolt, carrying [what seemed to be] a necklace of sparkling bubbles that were mirrors oozing yellow, blue and red [light]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Āvalī (आवली) refers to “clumps (of hair)”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Putting on ochre garments, carrying a skull, plucking out clumps (āvalī) of hair, maintaining non-vedic religious observances, ashes, ascetic clothing and matted locks, behaving as if mad, [the ascetic practice of] nakedness, [studying] the Vedas, Tantras and so on and the meeting [of learned people] for [reciting] poetry in the assembly: All [this] is exertion for the sake of filling one's stomach and is not the cause of the highest good. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Āvalī (आवली) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Āvalī).

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Āvalī (आवली) refers to “rows (of jewels)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Now thus beginning the great words, from whose tantra is concluded, In praise (of) you, Vajravārāhī, the heroine of Cakrasaṃvara. And Cakra Nāthā, innately pure, (with) divine rows (devya-āvalī) (of) jewels adorning (her) body, All limbs always adorned in heroism, praising the power of the highest eternal union”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Āvali (आवलि) refers to one of the two disciples of Rambhaka: a previous incarnation of Sagara, according to chapter 2.4 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Ajita narrated:—“In a former birth you (i.e., Sagara) were a wandering mendicant, named Rambhaka, possessing liberality and good conduct, and they (i.e., Sahasrākṣa and Ghanavāhana) were two disciples of yours, Śaśin and Āvali. Āvali was very dear to you because of his great reverence. [...] By the power of liberality, Rambhaka wandered through good conditions of existence (gati) and became you, the cakrin. Your affection for Sahasrākṣa originated in the former birth”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Āvali (आवलि) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.40.—What is the duration of one āvali? It consists of innumerable time-instants. What is the duration of one breathe (inhale and exhale)? It consists of numerable āvalis.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Āvalī (आवली) refers to a “line (of waves)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A line of waves in a river [com.nadī-kallola-āvalī—‘a line of waves in a river’] that has gone somewhere also returns but not for men the handsome form, strength, charm [and] gracefulness that has gone”.

Synonyms: Ālī.

2) Āvalī (आवली) refers to a “succession (of calamities)”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Companions are born only for this one to enjoy possessions but not to endure the pitiless succession of calamities (vyasana-āvalī) arising from one’s own action. Why do the stupid, who are afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not see solitariness which is perceived directly in the occurrence of birth and death?”.

Synonyms: Śreṇī.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Avali in India is the name of a plant defined with Holoptelea integrifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ulmus integrifolia Roxb. (among others).

2) Avali is also identified with Senna auriculata It has the synonym Cassia densistipulata Taub. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2541)
· Allergy (1991)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Botanical Magazine (1990)
· Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas (1895)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Avali, for example extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āvalī : (f.) a row; a string.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āvalī, (f.) (cp. Sk. āvalī & see valī) a row, range J. V, 69; DA. I, 140. (Page 111)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avalī (अवली).—f ( A) Anticipation or forestalling: also surpassing, excelling, outdoing. v sādha.

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avaḷī (अवळी).—f (āmalakī S) A tree, Phyllanthus emblica.

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āvali (आवलि).—f (S) A row, range, line, rank.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

avaḷī (अवळी).—f A tree, Phyllanthus emblica.

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āvali (आवलि).—f A row, range, rank.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avalī (अवली).—4 A.

1) To stick, hang on.

2) To bow, stoop; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.

3) To hide oneself in; Rām.6.

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Āvali (आवलि) or Āvalī (आवली).—f. [ā-val-in vā ḍīp]

1) A line, row, range; अरावलीम् (arāvalīm) V.1.4; द्विजावली बालनिशाकरांशुभिः (dvijāvalī bālaniśākarāṃśubhiḥ) Śi., so अलक°, धूम°, दन्त°, हार°, रत्न° (alaka°, dhūma°, danta°, hāra°, ratna°) &c.

2) A series, continuous line.

3) A dynasty, lineage.

Derivable forms: āvaliḥ (आवलिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvali (आवलि).—f.

(-liḥ) 1. A row, a range, a continuous line. 2. A series, dynasty, a lineage. E. āṅ before vala to move, in affix; also āvalī, taking ṅīp

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvali (आवलि).—āvalī, f. A row, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 90.

Āvali can also be spelled as Āvalī (आवली).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvali (आवलि).—[feminine] row, range, series.

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Āvalī (आवली).—[feminine] row, range, series.

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Avalī (अवली).—settle down, cower, hide.

Avalī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ava and (ली).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avalī (अवली):—[=ava-√lī] [Ātmanepada] (p. -līyamāna; [imperfect tense] 3. [plural] avāliyanta)

—to stick to ([locative case]), [Suśruta];

—to bow, stoop, [Mahābhārata viii, 939], to hide one’s self in ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 99, 43]([present participle] [Parasmaipada] 4, liyat).

2) Āvali (आवलि):—f(i and ī). (√val, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]), a row, range

3) a continuous line

4) a series

5) dynasty, lineage, [Vikramorvaśī; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Prabodha-candrodaya; Hitopadeśa etc.]

6) Āvalī (आवली):—f. cf. āvali

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvali (आवलि):—[ā-vali] (liḥ) 2. f. A row or range.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āvali (आवलि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āvali, Āvalī, Olī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avali (अवलि):—[[avalī]] (nf) a row; range; continuous line; series; set.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Āvali (आवलि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āvali.

2) Āvalī (आवली) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āvalī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avaḷi (ಅವಳಿ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the two born together; twins.

2) [noun] a set of two (things, persons, etc.); a pair.

3) [noun] an intimate associate.

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Āvali (ಆವಲಿ):—[noun] = ಆವಳಿ [avali]1.

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Āvaḷi (ಆವಳಿ):—

1) [noun] a row or line (esp. a straight one) of persons, things of a particular kind; a single row of words or characters making up a unit of poetry.

2) [noun] a family; a lineage.

3) [noun] a collection, multitude of persons, things or animals; a crowd.

4) [noun] (Jain.) a unit of a very minute duration of time.

5) [noun] one of the kinds of musical notes.

6) [noun] a sect among Śaivas, the devotees of Śiva.

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Āvaḷi (ಆವಳಿ):—

1) [noun] the tree Emblic myrobalan ( = Emblica officinalis).

2) [noun] its prune-like fruit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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