Kroshtri, Kroṣṭṛ, Kroṣṭṝ: 6 definitions

Introduction

Kroshtri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kroṣṭṛ and Kroṣṭṝ can be transliterated into English as Krostr or Kroshtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kroshtri in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ) refers to the “jackals” that howled at the time of the destruction of Dakṣa’s sacrifice, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.34. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Vīrabhadra set off thus, bad omens were seen by Dakṣa and the Devas. [...] Jackals (kroṣṭṛ) howled in the surroundings of the sacrificial ground. The evil star Netraka and meteors seemed to fall like white scorpions”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ, “howler”), the ‘jackal,’ is mentioned in the Rigveda as by nature cowardly compared with the wild boar (Varāha). In the Atharvaveda it is spoken of as devouring corpses. The word also occurs in the Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, where the commentator glosses it with Sṛgāla, another name of the jackal. See also Lopāśa.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kroṣṭṝ (क्रोष्टॄ).—a.

1) Vociferous, one who calls out or vociferates.

2) A reviler, abusive.

See also (synonyms): ākrośaka.

--- OR ---

Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ).—m. (-ṣṭrī f.) [क्रुश्-तुन् (kruś-tun) Uṇ.1.69] A jackal (the strong cases of this word are necessarily formed from kroṣṭṛ and the weak ones optionally); so क्रोष्टुक (kroṣṭuka) Y.1.148. कोष्टारोऽभ्यद्रवन्सर्वे संरब्धा हतबान्धवाः (koṣṭāro'bhyadravansarve saṃrabdhā hatabāndhavāḥ) Bhāg.1.15.36. ... त्रस्यत् क्रोष्ट्रुकुलाकुला (trasyat kroṣṭrukulākulā) Śiva. B.22.68.

See also (synonyms): kroṣṭu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroṣṭrī (क्रोष्ट्री).—f. (-ṣṭrī) 1. The black or white Bhuincaonra, (Convolvulus paniculatus:) see bhūmikuṣmāṇḍaka. 2. Chaculiya: see kroṣṭuvinnā. 3. A she jackall: see kroṣṭu. E. kruś to cry, affix ṣṭran and fem. ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ).—[adjective] crying, lamenting; [masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ):—[from kruś] a mfn. crying, lamenting, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 15, 36]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (ṭā) (not used in the weakest cases See kroṣṭu, [Pāṇini 7-1, 95 and 97]) ‘crier’, a jackal, [Ṛg-veda x, 18, 4; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Yadu and father of Vṛjinīvat, [Mahābhārata xiii, 6832; Harivaṃśa 1843; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Kroṣṭrī (क्रोष्ट्री):—[from kroṣṭṛ > kruś] f. (ṭrī) ([gana] gaurādi) the female of a jackal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of Convolvulus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] another plant (= lāṅgalī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Kroṣṭṛ (क्रोष्टृ):—[from kroṣṭu] b See, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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