Vidari, Vidārī, Vidāri: 8 definitions

Introduction

Vidari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vidārī (विदारी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vidārī (विदारी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pueraria tuberosa (Indian kudzu), a vine from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. In English, the plant is known as “Indian kudzu” or “Nepalese kudzu”. It has one botanical synonym: Hedysarum tuberosum. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Vidārī is “swelling in the groin”. It is derived from Vidāri (‘tearing asunder’ or ‘splitting’).

This plant (Vidārī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is known as Medā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.99-101), Indian kudzu (vidārī) has 7 synonyms: Vidārikā, Svādukandā, Sitā, Śuklā, Śṛgālikā, Vṛṣyakandā, Viḍālī, Vṛṣyavallikā, Bhūkūṣmāṇḍī, Svādulatā, Gajeṣṭā, Vārivallabhā and Kandaphalā.

Botanical description: It is a large spreading tuberous herbaceous twiner and grows throughout India. Its leaves are 3-foliate with blue or purplish-blue flowers in leafless racemes. The fruits are membranous and flat, having jointed pods clothed with long silky hairs.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu:Vidārī is sweet, cooling, heavy and unctuous. It cures rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders). It increases kapha, gives strength to the body and improves semen, and is wholesome.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Pueraria tuberosa, Rt. Tr., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Vidārī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vidāri (विदारि) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pueraria tuberosa DC” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vidāri] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Vidārī (विदारी).—According to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32, “the part of the song which completes the pada and the varṇa, is called the vidārī”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Vidārī).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to a type of bulbous root, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “the vidārī root is suitable for all uses, and if there are [any other roots of] unusually delicious taste, they are also suitable for all offerings, not only to the gods in the heavens but also for use among people. [...]  the ripened taro root is also suitable for the Buddha Family, [as are also] the kaśeruka root, the vidārī root, the vāyasī root, the kukūṭī root, and other bulbous roots. [...] I have explained bulbous roots in brief: use them to make offerings in due accordance with the particular family and [the distinctions between] higher, middling, and lower [accomplishments]. If you differentiate them in this manner, you will quickly gain success”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., vidārī], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., vidārī]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidāri (विदारि).—f. A swelling in the groin; (also vidārī in this sense).

Derivable forms: vidāriḥ (विदारिः).

See also (synonyms): vidārikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidārī (विदारी):—[=vi-dārī] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] a f. See below

2) [v.s. ...] a swelling in the groin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vidāri (विदारि):—[=vi-dāri] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] f. (m.[case]) = dārī, Hedysarum Gangeticum, [Suśruta] (also -gandhā, [Caraka])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a female demon, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) Vidārī (विदारी):—[=vi-dārī] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] b f. Batatas Paniculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Hedysarum Gangeticum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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