Vidari, aka: Vidārī, Vidāri; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vidari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Vidārī (विदारी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vidārī (विदारी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pueraria tuberosa (Indian kudzu), a vine from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. In English, the plant is known as “Indian kudzu” or “Nepalese kudzu”. It has one botanical synonym: Hedysarum tuberosum. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Vidārī is “swelling in the groin”. It is derived from Vidāri (‘tearing asunder’ or ‘splitting’).

This plant (Vidārī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is known as Medā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.99-101), Indian kudzu (vidārī) has 7 synonyms: Vidārikā, Svādukandā, Sitā, Śuklā, Śṛgālikā, Vṛṣyakandā, Viḍālī, Vṛṣyavallikā, Bhūkūṣmāṇḍī, Svādulatā, Gajeṣṭā, Vārivallabhā and Kandaphalā.

Botanical description: It is a large spreading tuberous herbaceous twiner and grows throughout India. Its leaves are 3-foliate with blue or purplish-blue flowers in leafless racemes. The fruits are membranous and flat, having jointed pods clothed with long silky hairs.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu:Vidārī is sweet, cooling, heavy and unctuous. It cures rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders). It increases kapha, gives strength to the body and improves semen, and is wholesome.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Vidārī (विदारी).—According to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32, “the part of the song which completes the pada and the varṇa, is called the vidārī”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Vidārī).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidāri (विदारि).—f. A swelling in the groin; (also vidārī in this sense).

Derivable forms: vidāriḥ (विदारिः).

See also (synonyms): vidārikā.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vidarikanda
Vidārīkanda (अङ्कलोड्य) is a Sanskrit word referring to the bulb of Pueraria tuberose (India...
Vidarigandha
Vidārigandhā (विदारिगन्धा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Des...
Sita
Śīta (शीत, “cold”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteri...
Tala
Tāla (ताल) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā ...
Shukla
Śuklā (शुक्ला) is another name for Kākolī, a medicinal plant identified with Roscoea purpurea f...
Kanthya
Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य, “velar”) refers to one of the five places of articulation (uccāraṇa).—Accordin...
Vidarika
Vidārikā (विदारिका).—f. A swelling in the groin; (also vidārī in this sense).See also (synonyms...
Vallipancamula
Vallīpañcamūla (वल्लीपञ्चमूल) is the Sanskrit name for a group of five plants (medicinal cre...
Shrigalika
Śṛgālikā (शृगालिका).—1) A female jackal.2) A fox.3) Flight, retreat.See also (synonyms): śṛgālī...
Varivallabha
Vārivallabhā (वारिवल्लभा).—Batatas Paniculata (Mar. bhuīkohāḷī). Vārivallabhā is a Sanskrit com...
Vidarigandhadi
Vidārigandhādi (विदारिगन्धादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classif...
Vidali
Viḍālī (विडाली) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose o...
Kandaphala
Kandaphalā (कन्दफला) is another name (synonym) for Vidārī, which is a Sanskrit name for the ...
Vrishyavallika
Vṛṣyavallikā (वृष्यवल्लिका) is another name (synonym) for Vidārī, which is a Sanskrit name f...
Balimandapa
Balimaṇḍapa (बलिमण्डप) refers to “a temporary hall created for ceremonial occasions” and is fir...

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