Vidari, Vidārī, Vidāri, Vidārin, Vidarin: 18 definitions


Vidari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vidārī (विदारी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Vidārī (विदारी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pueraria tuberosa (Indian kudzu), a vine from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. In English, the plant is known as “Indian kudzu” or “Nepalese kudzu”. It has one botanical synonym: Hedysarum tuberosum. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Vidārī is “swelling in the groin”. It is derived from Vidāri (‘tearing asunder’ or ‘splitting’).

This plant (Vidārī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is known as Medā.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.99-101), Indian kudzu (vidārī) has 7 synonyms: Vidārikā, Svādukandā, Sitā, Śuklā, Śṛgālikā, Vṛṣyakandā, Viḍālī, Vṛṣyavallikā, Bhūkūṣmāṇḍī, Svādulatā, Gajeṣṭā, Vārivallabhā and Kandaphalā.

Botanical description: It is a large spreading tuberous herbaceous twiner and grows throughout India. Its leaves are 3-foliate with blue or purplish-blue flowers in leafless racemes. The fruits are membranous and flat, having jointed pods clothed with long silky hairs.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu:Vidārī is sweet, cooling, heavy and unctuous. It cures rakta-pitta (bleeding disorders). It increases kapha, gives strength to the body and improves semen, and is wholesome.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Pueraria tuberosa, Rt. Tr., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Vidārī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vidāri (विदारि) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pueraria tuberosa DC” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning vidāri] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to Pueraria tuberosa DC., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 4:391, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.).—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 370-371, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Vidārī (विदारी).—According to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32, “the part of the song which completes the pada and the varṇa, is called the vidārī”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Vidārī).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Vidārī (विदारी) refers to a type of bulbous root, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “the vidārī root is suitable for all uses, and if there are [any other roots of] unusually delicious taste, they are also suitable for all offerings, not only to the gods in the heavens but also for use among people. [...]  the ripened taro root is also suitable for the Buddha Family, [as are also] the kaśeruka root, the vidārī root, the vāyasī root, the kukūṭī root, and other bulbous roots. [...] I have explained bulbous roots in brief: use them to make offerings in due accordance with the particular family and [the distinctions between] higher, middling, and lower [accomplishments]. If you differentiate them in this manner, you will quickly gain success”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., vidārī], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., vidārī]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vidārin (विदारिन्) (Cf. Vidāriṇī) refers to “one who tears apart” as occurring in the Heart-mantra (hṛdayamantra) taught to Vajrapāṇi, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Vidari in the Oriya language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum erianthum D. Don from the Solanaceae (Potato) family having the following synonyms: Solanum verbascifolium var. adulterinum. For the possible medicinal usage of vidari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Vidari in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Vidari [विदारी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. from the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) family having the following synonyms: Batatas paniculata, Convolvulus paniculatus.

Vidari [विदारी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Adenia hondala (Gaertn.) Wilde from the Passifloraceae (Passion flower) family having the following synonyms: Adenia palmata, Modecca palmata.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Vidari in India is the name of a plant defined with Adenia hondala in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Modecca palmata Lam. (among others).

2) Vidari is also identified with Desmodium gangeticum It has the synonym Meibomia polygonodes (Welw. ex Baker) Kuntze (etc.).

3) Vidari is also identified with Ipomoea digitata It has the synonym Convolvulus paniculatus Blanco (etc.).

4) Vidari is also identified with Ipomoea mauritiana It has the synonym Convolvulus paniculatus L. (etc.).

5) Vidari is also identified with Pueraria tuberosa It has the synonym Hedysarum tuberosum Roxb. ex Willd. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. (1959)
· Plantarum Rariorum Horti Caesarei Schoenbrunnensis (1797)
· Systema Naturae (1759)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1791)
· Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae (1810)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1805)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vidari, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidāri (विदारि).—f. A swelling in the groin; (also vidārī in this sense).

Derivable forms: vidāriḥ (विदारिः).

See also (synonyms): vidārikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidārin (विदारिन्).—[adjective] = [preceding] [adjective]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidārī (विदारी):—[=vi-dārī] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] a f. See below

2) [v.s. ...] a swelling in the groin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vidāri (विदारि):—[=vi-dāri] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] f. (m.[case]) = dārī, Hedysarum Gangeticum, [Suśruta] (also -gandhā, [Caraka])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a female demon, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) Vidārī (विदारी):—[=vi-dārī] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] b f. Batatas Paniculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Hedysarum Gangeticum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidārin (विदारिन्):—[=vi-dārin] [from vi-dāra > vi-dṝ] mfn. tearing asunder, breaking, cutting etc., [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] f. Gmelina Arborea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidāri (ವಿದಾರಿ):—

1) [adjective] splitting or tending to split (into two).

2) [adjective] destroying; demolishing.

--- OR ---

Vidāri (ವಿದಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] = ವಿದಾರಕ [vidaraka]2 - 1 & 2.

2) [noun] a concluding part of a short exposition of a rāga (musical mode), before exposing it again in an elaborate manner.

--- OR ---

Vidāri (ವಿದಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] the yam plant Ipomoea digitata of Convolvulaceae family.

2) [noun] its yam; milky yam.

3) [noun] another yam plant Ipomoea paniculata ( = Batatus paniculata) of the same family.

4) [noun] its yam.

5) [noun] the creeper Solanum trilobaum of Solanaceae family.

6) [noun] its fruit.

7) [noun] the plant Desmodium gangeticum of Papilionaceae family.

8) [noun] the plant Hedysarum gangeticum.

9) [noun] a particular disease characterised by swelling in the groin region.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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