Kovidara, Kovidāra: 19 definitions


Kovidara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kovidāra (कोविदार) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Bauhinia purpurea Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kovidāra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Kovidāra (कोविदार) is a Sanskrit word referring to Phanera purpurea (orchid tree), from the Leguminosae family. Certain plant parts of Kovidāra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Other botanical synonyms include: Bauhinia castrata and Caspareopsis purpurea. Other commonly used English names include: “purple bauhinia” and “camel’s foot”.

2) Kovidāra is also identified as a synonym for Karbudāra, referring to Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree) in the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kovidara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Kovidāra (कोविदार) refers to “bauhinia”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Kovidāra is also regarded as the abode of poverty (verse 754). G.P. Majumdar refers to its three varieties, namely, Śvetapuṣpa, Pītapuṣpa and Raktapuṣpa, the first one having further two sub-varieties, ‘Nirgandha’ and ‘Surabhikusuma’. Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Kovidāra (कोविदार) is classified as a “usable tree” which should be saved from being cut (for the purpose of gathering wood materials for Temple construction), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the architect is suggested to go to the forest to collect appropriate wood for temples in an auspicious day after taking advice from an astrologer. [...] Here, the eco-friendly suggestions of Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa are seen to protect the greenery and to balance a pollution free environment. [...] The text gives importance in saving the usable trees and that is why the trees [viz., Kovidāra, etc.] are advised not to be cut as these trees and their fruits are very essential for livelihood.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kovidāra (कोविदार):—Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī gives the following information about Vṛndāvana’s trees: The Kovidāra is a particular kind of kañcanāra (mountain ebony tree). (See the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.30.9).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—An enormous flowering tree, or perhaps a grove, in Trāyastriṃśa.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kovidara [ಕೋವಿದಾರ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Bauhinia variegata L. from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kovidara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kovidara in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Bauhinia variegata var. candida Voigt from the Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar) family having the following synonyms: Bauhinia alba, Bauhinia variegata var. alboflava.

Kovidara in the Sanskrit language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kovidara in India is the name of a plant defined with Bauhinia purpurea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Bauhinia platyphylla Zipp. ex Spanoghe (among others).

2) Kovidara is also identified with Bauhinia racemosa It has the synonym Piliostigma racemosum (Lam.) Benth. (etc.).

3) Kovidara is also identified with Bauhinia variegata It has the synonym Bauhinia alba hort. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· Biodivers. & Conserv. (2004)
· Iranian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2004)
· Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
· Annales Botanices Systematicae (1852)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kovidara, for example extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōvidāra (कोविदार).—m S A species of Ebony, Bauhinea variegata. Ex. tuḷasī kō0 sundara || kanakavēli nāga- vēli kōmaḷāṅkura ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—Name of a tree; चित्तं विदारयति कस्य न कोविदारः (cittaṃ vidārayati kasya na kovidāraḥ) Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.6; Uttararāmacarita 5.1.

Derivable forms: kovidāraḥ (कोविदारः), kovidāram (कोविदारम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—m. (in Sanskrit name of a tree, and also, in Hariv., of a heavenly tree, equated by [Boehtlingk and Roth] with pārijāta; same two mgs. belong to Pali koviḷāra), in Mahāvastu i.32.4 and ii.452.1, at least, name of one of the groves of the Trāyastriṃśa gods; elsewhere it is regularly equated or associated with pāri- jāta(ka), which seems as a rule to have its Sanskrit meaning, or pāriyātra(ka), q.v.; compare Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) ‘The pāricchattaka (= pārijātaka, °yātraka; called a tree, but 100 leagues in circumference) is generally described as a koviḷāra’; it is certainly sometimes a (heavenly) tree, e.g. Gaṇḍavyūha 193.9 pārijātaka-kovidāra-sadṛśān (vṛkṣān), but at other times it is hard to be sure whether it is conceived as a tree or a grove; e.g. Mahāvyutpatti 4199 (after pāriyātraḥ 4198, which is preceded by names of groves, but with 4200 ff. come words for individual trees); Divyāvadāna 219.20 pāriyātrako (mss.) nāma kovidāro, 27 pārijātako kovidāro; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 360.13—14 pārijā- takasya kovidārasya, and same Avadāna-śataka ii.89.6 (°jātasya); Gaṇḍavyūha 501.11 (here pāriyātrakasya). Perhaps the explanation is that, like the Pali pāricchattaka, it was a single tree of such size as to be equivalent to a grove.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—m.

(-raḥ) A species of ebony, (Bauhinia variegata.) E. ku the earth, dṝ to tear or divide, with vi prefixed deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—i. e. ko-vidṛ10 + a (cf. the last), m. A species of ebony, Bauhinia variegata, Lin., [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 84, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kovidāra (कोविदार):—[=ko-vidāra] m. ‘easily to be split’, or ‘to be split with difficulty’ (? cf. kuddala, kuddāla), Bauhinia variegata, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Ṛtusaṃhāra]

2) [v.s. ...] one of the trees of paradise, [Harivaṃśa 7169; Lalita-vistara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kovidāra (कोविदार):—(raḥ) 1. m. A species of ebony (Bauhinea variegata.)

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kovidāra (कोविदार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Koviāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kovidara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōvidāra (ಕೋವಿದಾರ):—[noun] the tree Bauhinia purpurea of Caesalpiniaceae family having two-lobed leaves and large, flat flowers; pink bauninia.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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