Kovidara, aka: Kovidāra; 6 Definition(s)


Kovidara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Kovidāra (कोविदार) refers to “bauhinia”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Kovidāra is also regarded as the abode of poverty (verse 754). G.P. Majumdar refers to its three varieties, namely, Śvetapuṣpa, Pītapuṣpa and Raktapuṣpa, the first one having further two sub-varieties, ‘Nirgandha’ and ‘Surabhikusuma’. Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Kovidāra (कोविदार) is a Sanskrit word referring to Phanera purpurea (orchid tree), from the Leguminosae family. Certain plant parts of Kovidāra are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Other botanical synonyms include: Bauhinia castrata and Caspareopsis purpurea. Other commonly used English names include: “purple bauhinia” and “camel’s foot”.

2) Kovidāra is also identified as a synonym for Karbudāra, referring to Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree) in the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kovidāra (कोविदार):—Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī gives the following information about Vṛndāvana’s trees: The Kovidāra is a particular kind of kañcanāra (mountain ebony tree). (See the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.30.9).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kovidāra (कोविदार).—An enormous flowering tree, or perhaps a grove, in Trāyastriṃśa.

(Source): Google Books: Divine Stories: Divyavadana

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kōvidāra (कोविदार).—m S A species of Ebony, Bauhinea variegata. Ex. tuḷasī kō0 sundara || kanakavēli nāga- vēli kōmaḷāṅkura ||.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Campā (चम्पा) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhār...
vṛkṣa (वृक्ष).—m A tree, shrub, or plant in general.
Camarika (चमरिक).—The Kovidāra tree.Derivable forms: camarikaḥ (चमरिकः).--- OR --- Cāmarika (चा...
Pārijātaka (पारिजातक).—Among the Trayastriṃṣa gods, the odor of the magnolia flower (kovidāra) ...
Vamanopaga (वमनोपग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “eme...
Yamalapatra (यमलपत्र).—Name of two trees (kovidāra and aśmantaka). Derivable forms: yamalapatra...
Āsphoṭaka (आस्फोटक).—Making a sound by striking on the arms.-kaḥ = पर्वतजपीलुभेदः (parvatajapīl...
Karbudāra (शाल्मलि) is a Sanskrit word referring to Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), from t...
Karvudāra (कर्वुदार).—The कोविदार (kovidāra) tree.Derivable forms: karvudāraḥ (कर्वुदारः).
Koviḷāra, (cp. Sk. kovidāra) Bauhinia variegata; a tree in the devaloka (pāricchattaka koviḷār...
Śoṇapuṣpaka (शोणपुष्पक).—the Kovidāra tree. Derivable forms: śoṇapuṣpakaḥ (शोणपुष्पकः).Śoṇapuṣp...
Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “pot...

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