Shambari, Śāmbarī, Śambarī: 7 definitions



Shambari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāmbarī and Śambarī can be transliterated into English as Sambari or Shambari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Śambarī (शम्बरी) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Śambarī and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Śambarī (शम्बरी) also represents a synonym for Śrutaśreṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.136-137. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Śambarī and Śrutaśreṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: According to Narahari, Pratyakśreṇī is a common synonym to Dravantī and Ākhuparṇī along with Śrutaśreṇī but Śrutaśreṇī is anti rat-poison which Ākhuparṇī is not and Dravantī is Rasāyanī, a property absent in the rest of the two.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambari in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Śāmbarī (शाम्बरी) refers to “magic” or “illusion”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.14.—The word is from śambara, a demon famous for his magical skill. cf. Naiṣadhacarita 20.130; also 10.123. in both examples śambara means also “water”. Śambara is used in the sense of “error”, “delusion” in Yogavāsiṣṭha (Sthitiprakaraṇa 47.88) where the commentary explains dīrghaśambare as dīrghabhrame.

The word Śāmbarī occurs in Liṅgapurāṇa (27.198 of Uttarārdha) as the name of one of the deities or Śaktis mentioned in connection with a Tantric rite in which the king undergoes a ceremonial bath for the attainment of victory. Śāmbarī and Śāmbarika are used in the sense of “magic” and “magician” respectively in Śivārkamaṇidīpikā or Śrīkaṇṭhabhāṣya 3.2.6, etc.Cf.  Mallikāmāruta, Act 1. The form Śāmbara occurs in Yogavāsiṣṭha (Vairāgyaprakaraṇa 12.12).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Sanskrit Edition and a Translation of Kambala’s Sādhananidhi, Chapter 8

Śambarī (शम्बरी) is the name of a deity associated with the syllable “śaṃ/saṃ” of the Heart Mantra of Heruka (hṛdayamantra): one of the four major mantras in the Cakrasaṃvara tradition, as taught in the eighth chapter of the 9th-century Herukābhidhāna and its commentary, the Sādhananidhi.  The Hṛdaya-mantra consists of twenty-two letters. [...] A practitioner in meditation visualizes that twenty-two deities [viz., Śambarī] are developed from the twenty-two letters constituting the mantra. Each letter of the mantra is used as the initial letter of each deity’s name except for the first and second deities, who are the chief couple deities and located at the center of the maṇḍala.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāmbarī (शांबरी).—f S A female juggler or conjurer.

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sāmbarī (सांबरी).—f A sweetmeat made of milk, flour, and sugar, in the form of a cylinder composed of little sticks.

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sāmbarī (सांबरी).—a (sāmbara) Relating to the animal sāmbara--leather &c.: of the leather of a sāmbara--shoes &c.

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sāmbarī (सांबरी).—f The hide of a sāmbara. 2 A kind of pouch or bag (usually of the leather of the sāmbara) for holding powder, bullets, flints, barber's instruments &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śambarī (शम्बरी).—

1) Illusion, jugglery.

2) A female juggler.

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Śāmbarī (शाम्बरी).—

1) Jugglery, sorcery.

2) Magic illusion; शाम्बरीशिल्पमलक्षि दिक्षु (śāmbarīśilpamalakṣi dikṣu) N.6.14.

3) A sorceress.

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Sāmbarī (साम्बरी).—

1) A sorceress.

2) Sorcery; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāmbarī (शाम्बरी).—f. (-rī) 1. A female-juggler. 2. Jugglery, sorcery. E. śambara a demon, aṇ added, and ṅīṣ fem. aff.

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Sāmbarī (साम्बरी).—f. (-rī) A female juggler. E. See śāmbarī; the śa being changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śambarī (शम्बरी):—[from śambara > śamba] f. Salvinia Cucullata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Croton Polyandrum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] = māyā, sorcery, magic ([probably] [wrong reading] for śāmbarī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Śāmbarī (शाम्बरी):—[from śāmbara] f. jugglery, sorcery, illusion (as practised by the Daitya Ś°), [Naiṣadha-carita]

4) [v.s. ...] a sorceress, [Horace H. Wilson]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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