Harenu, Hareṇu: 12 definitions


Harenu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Hareṇu (हरेणु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Vitex agnus-castus Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning hareṇu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Hareṇu (हरेणु) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of immobile or plant poison (sthāvaraviṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (XII.56-57), “Taila or oil and ghee in combination with the following ingredients also neutralises plant poison, purified powder of Tāmra-suvarṇa or red sandalwood, Mañjiṣṭhā, honey, Aṃśumatī, Hareṇu, Tagara, Kuṣṭha, two varieties of Bṛhatī, Śālaparṇī, Yaṣṭī, sandalwood oil, Nāgakusuma, Trikaṭu, Vilaṅga, Lotus, leaves of Indradāru and Phalinī, two varieties of Śārivā”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Hareṇu (हरेणु) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pisum sativum (“pea”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. It is also known as Hareṇukā. The plant Hareṇu is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Hareṇu is is light, cold, sweet, slightly astringent and roughening in character. It is beneficial for pitta and kapha and useful as pulses and pastes.

2) Hareṇu (हरेणु) is a Sanskrit technical word translating to “black cardamom”, a species of plant from the Verbenaceae (vervain) family of tropical flowering plants., and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā. It is also known by the name Hareṇuka. The official botanical name is Vitex agnus-castu, and is commonly known in English as “vitex”, “chaste tree”, “chasteberry”, among many others.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Harenu in India is the name of a plant defined with Pisum sativum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lathyrus oleraceus Lam. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1982)
· Cytologia (1993)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1995)
· Bulletin of the Hiroshima Agricultural College (1989)
· Sci. Rep. Res. Inst. Evol. Biol. (1986)
· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1986)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Harenu, for example chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hareṇu (हरेणु).—[hṛ-eṇuḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 2.1]

1) Pease, pulse.

2) A creeper serving as the boundary of a village.

3) Name of Laṅkā.

-ṇuḥ f.

1) A respectable woman.

2) A coppercoloured deer.

3) A fragrant drug; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: hareṇuḥ (हरेणुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hareṇu (हरेणु).—f.

(-ṇuḥ) 1. A drug and perfume, commonly Renuka. 2. A reputable woman. 3. Pulse, pease. 4. A deer of a copper colour. E. hṛ to take, eṇu Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hareṇu (हरेणु).—I. m. Peas, pulse. Ii. f. 1. A sort of drug and perfume. 2. A reputable woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hareṇu (हरेणु).—[masculine] a kind of pease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hareṇu (हरेणु):—m. a kind of pea or pulse (with slightly globular seeds), [Suśruta]

2) a creeper marking the boundary of a village, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Name of Laṅkā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) f. a sort of drug or perfume (= reṇukā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a respectable woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a copper-coloured deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hareṇu (हरेणु):—(ṇuḥ) 2. f. A drug and perfume; reputable woman; pulse, peas; deer of copper colour. m. Ceylon; a creeper.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harenu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Harēṇu (ಹರೇಣು):—

1) [noun] the plant Aloe perfoliata of Liliaceae family.

2) [noun] a kind of perfume made from this (?) plant.

3) [noun] the plant Pisum arvense of Papilionaceae family.

4) [noun] the round, edible seed of this; garden peas.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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