Nikara, Nikāra, Nīkāra: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nikara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nikar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nikara (निकर).—A Rākṣasa clan, like the Bhadrakas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 189.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nikara.—(EI 12, 33), cf. yathādīyamāna-bhoga-bhāga-kara- nikara-ādikam; a small tax or cess; small amount of rent fixed for a gift land; practically the same as kara or tax (IHQ, Vol. XXXIV, p. 279). Cf. upakara, tṛṇodaka, mānya-kaṇikĕ, etc. Note: nikara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nikara : (m.) multitude.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nikara, (Sk. nikara, ni+karoti) a multitude Dāvs. V, 25 (jātipuppha°). (Page 351)

— or —

Nikāra, (Sk. nikāra in diff. meaning, ni+kāra) service, humility J. III, 120 (nikāra-pakāra, prob. to be read nipaccākāra, q. v.). (Page 352)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nikara (निकर).—m prep. nikara f m Excess or exces- siveness; blind determinedness of purpose or action; vehemence worked up. Ex. of use nikarāsa or nikarāvara yēṇēṃ-jāṇēṃ- āṇaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nikara (निकर).—[nikṝ bhāvādau ap]

1) A heap, pile.

2) A flock, multitude, collection; पपात स्वेदाम्बुप्रसर इव हर्षाश्रुनिकरः (papāta svedāmbuprasara iva harṣāśrunikaraḥ) Gīt. 11;Śi.4.58; Ṛs.6.18.

3) A bundle.

4) Sap, pith, essence.

5) A suitable gift, honorarium.

6) A treasure.

Derivable forms: nikaraḥ (निकरः).

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Nikāra (निकार).—&c. See under निकृ (nikṛ).

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Nikāra (निकार).—

1) Winnowing corn.

2) Lifting up.

3) Killing, slaughter.

4) Humiliation, subjugation.

5) Insult, injury, wrong, offence; तीर्णो निकारार्णवः (tīrṇo nikārārṇavaḥ) Ve.6.43; Mv. 3.41;5.14;7.8; Ki.1.43;3.44.

6) Abuse, reproach, disrespect.

7) Wickedness, malice; अलमङ्ग निकारोऽयम् (alamaṅga nikāro'yam) Mb.5.129.47.

8) Opposition, contradiction.

Derivable forms: nikāraḥ (निकारः).

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Nīkāra (नीकार).—See निकार (nikāra).

Derivable forms: nīkāraḥ (नीकारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikara (निकर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A flock or multitude. 2. A heap, a bundle. 3. Pith, sap, essence. 4. Suitable or proper gift. 5. A treasure, especially belonging to Kuvera: see nidhi. E. ni in or upon, kṝ to throw, affix ap .

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Nikāra (निकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Opposition, contradiction. 2. Injury, wrong, offence. 3. wickedness; malice. 4. Abuse, reproach, disrespect. 5. Raising, tossing or lifting up. 6. Piling or winnowing corn. 7. Killing. E. ni depreciative prefix, kṛ to make, or kṝ to throw, affix bhāve ghañ or ap.

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Nīkāra (नीकार).—m.

(-raḥ) Disrespect, contempt, vilifying, degrading. E. ni before, kṛ to make, aff. bhāve ghañ .

Nīkāra can also be spelled as Nikāra (निकार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikara (निकर).—i. e. ni-kṛ10 + a, m. A flock or multitude, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 11, 4; Mahābhārata 15, 722.

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Nikāra (निकार).—i. e. ni-kṛ + a, m. 1. Humiliation, Mahābhārata 1, 7081. 2. Abuse, 14, 1788.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nikara (निकर).—[masculine] heap, pile, mass, abundance, multitude (often —°).

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Nikāra (निकार).—[masculine] humiliation, insult.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nikara (निकर):—[=ni-kara] m. (√kṛ) a heap, pile, a flock or multitude, a bundle, mass, collection (mfn. ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) pith, sap, essence

3) [v.s. ...] suitable gift, a honorarium

4) [v.s. ...] a treasure, the best of anything, a treasure belonging to Kubera, 1.

5) Nikāra (निकार):—[from ni-kara] a m. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) piling up or winnowing corn

6) [v.s. ...] tossing or lifting up.

7) [=ni-kāra] b 1. and 2. ni-kāra, raṇa, etc. See under ni-kara and ni-kṛ.

8) [=ni-kāra] [from ni-kṛ] c m. bringing down, humiliation, wrong, offence, injury, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] wickedness, malice, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] opposition, contradiction, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] = next, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

12) Nīkāra (नीकार):—[=nī-kāra] [from ] m. (√1. kṝ) disrespect, contempt, degradation, [Harṣacarita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nikara (निकर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A flock or multitude; pith; a proper gift; a treasure.

2) Nikāra (निकार):—[ni-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Opposition; injury; wickedness; abuse; winnowing or piling corn.

3) Nīkāra (नीकार):—[nī-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Vilifying.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nikara (निकर):—(von 3. kar mit ni) m.

1) ein dichter Haufe, Menge [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 39.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1411.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 173.] [Halāyudha 4, 1.] amara [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 254.] mugdhabadhū [Gītagovinda 1, 38.] pika [11, 4.] ali [Amaruśataka 91.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 17, 13.] aṅgāra [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 37, 26.] puṣpa [Mahābhārata 15, 722.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 30,] [Scholiast] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 52, 125.] [Caurapañcāśikā 16.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 37.] [Śṛṅgāratilaka 7. 10.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 2, 4.] graharkṣatārā [1, 19, 30.] ratna [4, 19, 9.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 12, 4.] bāhu [Prabodhacandrodaja 86, 11.] śara [87, 9.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 18.] kauśeya [Mahābhārata 7, 202.] avakara [Bhartṛhari] harṣāśru [Gītagovinda 11, 32.] salila [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 9, 26.] nīra [Gedicht vom Vogel Cātaka 7.] [Śiśupālavadha 4, 58.] marīci [Mahābhārata 1, 1496.] [Amaruśataka 86.] [Devīmāhātmya 4, 19.] timira [Mṛcchakaṭikā 26, 1.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 24, 31.] dhūrtajanavacana [Pañcatantra III, 122.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Rāmāyaṇa.5,81,53.] [Oxforder Handschriften 128,b,8.] —

2) Honorar, = nyāyadeyadhana [Medinīkoṣa] [Dhūrtasamāgama 90,] [?4:, 6. - Nach Medinīkoṣa] bedeutet das Wort ausserdem Schatz (nidhi); das Beste von einer Sache (sāra); die Bedd. saṃgha (Menge), sāra und nyāyadātavyavitta werden [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 568] dem Worte nisāra zugetheilt, einem Worte, das sonst nirgends erscheint und wohl nur Fehler für nikara ist.

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Nikāra (निकार):—1. (von 1. kar mit ni) m. Demüthigung, Beleidigung, Kränkung [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 442.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 569.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 175.] [Halāyudha 4, 19.] [Mahābhārata 1, 7081. 3, 440. 5, 2961. 5401. 6, 591. 12, 3017. 14, 1788.] [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 1, 17. 4, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 194.] [Daśakumāracarita 172, 13.]

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Nikāra (निकार):—2. (von 3. kar mit ni) m. = utkāra das Schwingen oder Aufspeichern von Korn [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 30.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 36.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 359.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 569.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 175.]

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Nīkāra (नीकार):—(von 1. kar mit ni) m. = nyakkāra Erniedrigung, Demüthigung, Verachtung [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Nikara (निकर):—

1) saṃnyastadainyavyatikaranikarāḥ adj. [Spr. 1753.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nikara (निकर):—m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) ein dichter Haufe , Menge.

2) Honorar.

3) *Schatz.

4) *das Beste von einer Sache.

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Nikāra (निकार):—1. m.

1) Demüthigung , Beleidigung , Kränkung.

2) *Tödtung [Galano's Wörterbuch]

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Nikāra (निकार):—2. m. das Schwingen — oder Aufspeichern von Korn.

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Nīkāra (नीकार):—m. Erniedrigung , Demüthigung , Kränkung [Harṣacarita 161,4.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nikara (निकर) [Also spelled nikar]:—(nm) heap, pile, bundle; multitude, flock; shorts half-pants.

context information

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