Vaca, aka: Vācā, Vacā, Vāca; 10 Definition(s)


Vaca means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vacha.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Vacā (वचा) is a Sanskrit word referring to “sweet flag”, a perennial flowering plant from the Ranunculaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Vaca, Ugragandhā or Ṣaḍgranthā. Its official botanical name is Acorus calamus and is commonly known in English as “Sweet flag”, “Calamus root”, “Beewort” among many others.

The plant Vacā is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Vāca (वाच).—A Marut gaṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 53.

1b) The name of Vyāsa of the 20th dvāpara; the avatār of the Lord aṭṭahāsa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 189.

1c) One of the nine sons of Sāvarṇi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 22.

1d) The Vedas go to Īśvara with mind and unable to attain Him return back (Upaniṣad); it is avyakta and parokṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 10.

2) Vācā (वाचा).—One of the ten branches of the Rohita group of devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 90.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

F Speech.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

'speech'. On right sp., s. magga (3), sacca (IV.3). - Low talk, s. tiracchāna-kathā.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vaca : (m.; nt.) (mano-group), word; saying. || vacā (f.) the sweet fig plant; orris root. vācā (f.) word; speech; saying.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vaca, (nt.) a kind of root Vin. I, 201=IV. 35. Cp. vacattha. (Page 592)

— or —

Vācā, (f.) (vac, vakti & vivakti; cp. vacaḥ (P. vaco); Vedic vāk (vāc°) voice, word, vākya; Av. vacah & vaxs word; Gr. e)/pos word, o)/y voice, Lat. vox=voice, voco to call; Ohg. gi-wahan to mention etc. The P. form vācā is a remodelling of the Nom. vāc after the oblique cases, thus transforming it from the cons. decl. to a vowel (°ā) decl. Of the old inflexion we only find the Instr. vācā Sn. 130, 232. The compn forms are both vācā° and vacī°) word, saying, speech; also as adj. (-°) vaca speaking, of such a speech (e.g. duṭṭha° Pv. I, 32, so to be read for dukkha°).—D. III, 69 sq. 96 sq. 171 sq.; S. IV, 132 (in triad kāyena vācāya manasā: see kāya III, , and mano II. 3); Sn. 232 (kāyena vācā uda cetasā vā), 397, 451 sq. 660, 973, 1061 (=vacana Nd2 560); Nd1 504; DhsA. 324 (vuccatī ti vācā).—In sequence vācā girā byappatha vacībheda vācasikā viññatti, as a defn of speech Vin. IV, 2, expld at DhsA. 324: see byappatha.—vācaṃ bhindati: (1) to modify the speech or expression SnA 216 (cp. vākya-bheda DhsA. 324).—(2) to use a word, so say something Vin. I, 157; M. I, 207 (Neumann, “das Schweigen brechen”); Miln. 231 (i.e. to break silence? So Rh. D. trsln). Cp. the English expression “to break the news. ” — vācā is mostly applied with some moral characterization, as the foll. frequently found: atthasaṃhitā A. III, 244; kalyāṇa° A. III, 195, 261; IV, 296; V, 155; pisuṇā & pharusā A. I, 128, 174, 268 sq.; III, 433; IV, 247 sq.; DA. I, 74, 75; Nd1 220, and passim; rakkhita° S. IV, 112; vikiṇṇa° S. I, 61, 204; A. I, 70; III, 199, 391 sq.; sacca° A. II, 141, 228; saṇhā A. II, 141, 228; III, 244; IV, 172; see also vacī-sucarita; sammā° Vbh. 105, 106, 235; VbhA. 119; see also magga; hīnā etc. S. II, 54.

—ânurakkhin guarding one’s speech Dh. 281 (cp. vācāya saṃvara DhA. IV, 86). —âbhilāpa “speechjabbering, ” forbidden talk Sn. 49 (i.e. the 32 tiracchānakathā Nd2 561). —uggata with well intoned speech Miln. 10. —yata restrained in speech Sn. 850 (=yatta gutta rakkhita Nd1 221). —vikkhepa confusion of speech, equivocation D. I, 24 sq.; DA. I, 115. (Page 607)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vaca (वच).—n S (Occurring in poetry.) Speech, saying. vacasyēkaṃ manasyēkaṃ (vacasi-ēkam-manasi-ēkam) Agreeing with hōṭānta ēka pōṭānta ēka. Hypocritical or dissembling speech (mel in ore fel in corde &c.)

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vacā (वचा).—f S Root of Fleur de lis or Flag-flower, Orris-root, Acorus calamus.

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vācā (वाचा).—f (S) Speech, articulate utterance (whether the act or the faculty). 2 A matter spoken or said, esp. a promise. 3 A divine utterance; a voice in the heavens. See ākāśavāṇī. 4 Used sometimes for avasaraṇī. barī vācē tujhēṃ kāya vēcē What expense is it to thee to speak civilly? vācā ulaṭaṇēṃ -pālaṭaṇēṃ -parataṇēṃ -phiraṇēṃ -muraḍaṇēṃ To have one's speech turn back--be checked and stilled (as in mute admission of the ineffableness of a matter). vācā narakānta jāṇēṃ To belie or falsify one's speech or saying, to lie. vācā phuṭaṇēṃ in. con. To acquire speech (as from dumbness). Ex. anuṣṭhāna karatāṃ dvārīṃ || mukyāsīṃ vācā phuṭē ||. 2 To begin to exercise its faculty of speech;--as a child, a speaking bird or other animal. vācā phōḍaṇēṃ To utter (respecting any one) inauspicious or calumnious or malignant words. vācā lavaṇēṃ or vadaṇēṃ To incline to speak; to have one's speech moved to break forth. Used in remarking upon any saying or utterance considered as extraordinary. vācā viṭāḷaṇēṃ To pollute one's speech (as by non-performance, retractation, or disallowal). 2 To speak a word or two (in recommendation of or in intercession for); i. e. to use, and thus defile, one's vocal utterance (breath).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaca (वच).—n Speech, saying.

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vācā (वाचा).—f Speech. A promise vācā pālaṭaṇēṃ- parataṇēṃ Have one's speech turned back. vācā narakānta jāṇēṃ Belie or falsify one's speech or saying. vācā phuṭaṇēṃ Acquire speech. vācā viṭāḷaṇēṃ Pollute one's speech.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaca (वच).—[vac-asun Uṇ.4.196]

1) A parrot.

2) The sun.

-cā 1 A kind of talking bird.

2) A kind of aromatic root (Mar. vekhaṃḍa); Mb.13.131.8.

-cam Speaking, talk.

Derivable forms: vacaḥ (वचः).

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Vāca (वाच).—

1) A kind of fish.

2) The plant मदन (madana).

Derivable forms: vācaḥ (वाचः).

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Vācā (वाचा).—

1) Speech.

2) A sacred text, a text or aphorism.

3) An oath.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaca (वच).—m.

(-caḥ) 1. A parrot. 2. The sun. f.

(-cā) 1. Orris root, (Acorus calamus; also Zinziber Zedoaria.) 2. The Sarika, (Turdus Salica.) E. vac to speak, ac aff.

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Vāca (वाच).—m.

(-caḥ) 1. A plant: see madana . 2. A kind of fish. “vācā .”

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Vācā (वाचा).—f.

(-cā) 1. Speech. 2. A text, an aphorism. 3. The tongue. 4. An oath. E. vāc as above, ṭāp added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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