Sarala, Saralā, Sharala, Śarala, Sārāla: 17 definitions

Introduction

Sarala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarala can be transliterated into English as Sarala or Sharala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sarala (सरल) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Pinus longifolia (pine) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as sarala) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sarala (सरल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Sarala) various roles suitable to them.

2) Saralā (सरला) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Saralā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Sarala (सरल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Gandhamādana mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saralā (सरला) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.22). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saralā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saralā (सरला).—Name of a comparatively modern lucid commentary written by Taranatha Tarkavacaspati on the Siddhantakaumudi.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Saralā (सरला) [or Saraḷā] refers to the medicinal plant known as “Operculina turpethum (Linn.) Silva Manso” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning saralā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sarala (सरल) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Saṃbhava are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Śāla (identified with Shorea robusta). The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Saṃbhava is the third of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Jitari and his mother is Senā according to Śvetāmbara but Suṣeṇā according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarala, the tree Pinus longifolia J. V, 420 (thus read with B instead of salaḷa (?)). (Page 698)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarala (सरल).—a (S) Straight, right, direct, not crooked or oblique. 2 fig. Honest, artless, upright--a person: plain, open, sincere--speech: clear, easy, simple--a style, discourse &c.

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sarala (सरल).—m S A sort of pine, P. longifolia. Rox.

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saraḷa (सरळ).—f C Rice-straw.

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saraḷa (सरळ).—a (sarala S) Straight or direct. 2 fig. Guileless, honest, sincere, ingenuous, straightforward, blunt, plain--a person, speech, procedure: also clear, simple, easy, flowing--a style &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saraḷa (सरळ).—a Straight. Fig. Honest, plain. f Rice-straw.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarala (शरल).—a.

1) See सरल (sarala).

2) Crooked; fraudulent.

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Sarala (सरल).—a. [sṛ-alac Uṇ.1.15]

1) Straight, not crooked.

2) Honest, upright, sincere, candid.

3) Simple, artless, simple-minded; सरले साहसरागं परिहर (sarale sāhasarāgaṃ parihara) Māl.6.1; अयि सरले किमत्र मया भगवत्या शक्यम् (ayi sarale kimatra mayā bhagavatyā śakyam) 2.

-laḥ 1 A kind of pine tree; विघट्टितानां सरलद्रुमाणाम् (vighaṭṭitānāṃ saraladrumāṇām) Ku.1.9; Me.55; R. 4.75; also सरला (saralā).

2) Fire.

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Sārāla (साराल).—Sesamum.

Derivable forms: sārālaḥ (सारालः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sarala (सरल).—nt., = (and cited from) saraḍa, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarala (शरल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Upright, honest. 2. Crooked, fraudulent. m.

(-laḥ) A tree, a sort of pine. E. sṛ to go, alac aff., and sa changed to śa; whence the word is preferably read sarala .

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Sarala (सरल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Honest, sincere, candid, upright. 2. Straight. 3. Guileless. m.

(-laḥ) 1. A sort of pine, (Pinus longifolia.) 2. A bird, (Pavo bicalcarata.) f.

(-lā) A variety of the plant called Teori. E. sṛ to go, (to spread fragrance abroad, &c.,) alac Unadi aff.

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Sārāla (साराल).—m.

(-laḥ) Sesamum. “tilavṛkṣe. E. sāramālāti ā + lā-ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarala (शरल).— (cf. sarala), I. adj. 1. Upright, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 69. 2. Fraudulent(?). Ii. m. A sort of pine, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 17, 15.

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Sarala (सरल).— (vb. sṛ), I. adj. 1. Straight, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 189. 2. Upright, honest, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 38, 1. Ii. m. A sort of pine, Pinus longifolia Roxb., [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 54.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarala (सरल).—[adjective] straight, direct, candid, honest; [masculine] & [feminine] ā names of trees.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saralā (सरला) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] Oppert. Ii, 7009. 8408.
—Siddhāntakaumudīṭīkā.

2) Saralā (सरला):—[dharma] Quoted by Raghunandana (who also knew of a
—[commentary] to it), in Vivādārṇava L. 3165.

3) Saralā (सरला):—a
—[commentary] on Nīlakaṇṭha’s Tājika by Govinda.

4) Saralā (सरला):—a
—[commentary] on Rāmacandra’s Samarasāra, by Bharata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarala (शरल):—etc. See sarala.

2) Sarala (सरल):—[from sara] mf(ā)n. ‘running on’, straight (not ‘crooked’), [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] outstretched, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] right, correct, [Prasaṅgābharaṇa; Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] upright, sincere, candid, honest, artless, simple, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] real (not ‘sham’), [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] = vigīta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a species of pine tree, Pinus Longifolia, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, Pavo Bicalcaratus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Saralā (सरला):—[from sarala > sara] f. the above pine, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

13) [v.s. ...] Ipomoea Turpethum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Sarala (सरल):—[from sara] n. resin of the pine, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

16) [v.s. ...] a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

17) Sārāla (साराल):—m. the sesamum plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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