Prishniparni, Pṛśniparṇī, Prishni-parni, Pṛṣṇiparṇī: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Prishniparni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pṛśniparṇī and Pṛṣṇiparṇī can be transliterated into English as Prsniparni or Prishniparni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Prishniparni in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Prishni-parni in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Uraria lagopodoides (L.) DC. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Uraria lagopodioides, Hedysarum lagopodioides, Doodia lagopodioides. For the possible medicinal usage of prishni-parni, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Prsniparni [पृष्णिपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Uraria rufescens (DC.) Schindl. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Desmodium rufescens, Uraria paniculata, Doodia hamosa, Uraria hamosa.

Prsniparni [पृष्णिपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wight & Arn. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Hedysarum viscidum, Desmodium timoriense, Desmodium viscidum auct. non DC..

Prsniparni [पृष्णिपर्णी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Hedysarum triangulare, Desmodium triangulare.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Pṛśniparṇī (गोक्षुर) is a Sanskrit word referring to Desmodium gangeticum, a species of plant from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It is also known as Pṛthakparṇī. In English, the plant is known as Salpan. It is a herbaceous perennial plant, growing up to 120cm in height. It has woody stems with white to purple flowers. It grows all over India in dry forest areas, up to 900m elevation. This variation of Pṛśniparṇī is based on the South Indian nomenclature.

2) Pṛśniparṇī (गोक्षुर) is a Sanskrit word referring to Uraria picta, a species of plant from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It has the following botanical synonym: Hedysarum pictum. In English, the plant is known as the “Pointed-leaved uraria plant”. This variation of Pṛśniparṇī is based on the North Indian nomenclature.

This plant (Pṛśniparṇī, Uraria picta) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Kalaśī. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of both the Daśamūla and Pañcamūla groups of medicinal drugs.

3) Pṛśniparṇī (गोक्षुर, “speckled-leaf”) is a Sanskrit word for a plant, mentioned in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (XIII.8.1.16). It has been identified by the translator with the plant Hemionitis cordifolia, a species of fern from the Pteridaceae (ferns) family.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Pṛśniparṇī has inflorescence like jackal’s tail having compact petals. It is hot, promotes strength, semen and destroys fever.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Uraria picta Desv. from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Pṛśniparṇī is commonly known in Hindi as Piṭhavan; in Bengali as Cakule; in Marathi as Piṭhavana; in Gujarati as Pilavana; in Telugu as Kolkuponna; and in Tamil as Kolponna.

Pṛśniparṇī is mentioned as having eighteen synonyms: Kalasī, Mahāguhā, Śṛgālavinnā, Dhamanī, Mekhalā, Lāṅgalikā, Kroṣṭukapucchikā, Guhā, Śṛgālikā, Siṃhapucchikā, Pṛthakparṇī, Dīrghaparṇī, Dīrghā, Kroṣṭukamekhalā, Citraparṇī, Apacitrā and Śvapucchā.

Properties and characteristics: “the rasa of Pṛśniparṇī is pungent, bitter and sour. It is hot in potency (vīrya) and controls diarrhoea and cough. It also cures diseases due to vitiated Vata, insanity, fevers, wounds and burning syndromes”.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Pṛṣṇiparṇī (पृष्णिपर्णी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Uraria picta, Pl., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Pṛṣṇiparṇī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी) (one of the pāñcamūlikā) refers to the medicinal plant Uraria picta Desv., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Pṛśniparṇī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.) DC” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pṛśniparṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of prishniparni or prsniparni in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Prishniparni in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी, ‘having a speckled leaf’) is the name of a plant mentioned in a hymn of the Atharvaveda as a protection against evil beings procuring abortion, called Kaṇvas (presumably a sign of hostility to the Kaṇva family). It also appears in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa, being identified with Hermionitis cordifolia by the St. Petersburg Dictionary, but

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Prishniparni in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Prishniparni in India is the name of a plant defined with Aglaia odorata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aglaia odorata var. microphyllina C. DC..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Antiviral Research (2005)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Monographiae Phanerogamarum (1878)
· Journal of Natural Products (1996)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Prishniparni, for example extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of prishniparni or prsniparni in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prishniparni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी) or Pṛṣṇiparṇī (पृष्णिपर्णी).—Hermionitis Cordifolia (Mar. piṭhavaṇa).

Pṛśniparṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pṛśni and parṇī (पर्णी). See also (synonyms): pṛśniparṇikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी).—f. (-ṇī) A plant, (Hemionites cordifolia,) according to some of its synonymes, but in Roxburgh'S Catalogue, Hedysarum lagopodioides.) E. pṛśni small, parṇa a leaf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी):—[=pṛśni-parṇī] [from pṛśni] f. idem, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Suśruta]

2) Pṛṣṇiparṇī (पृष्णिपर्णी):—[=pṛṣṇi-parṇī] [wrong reading] for pṛśni-p.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛśniparṇī (पृश्निपर्णी):—[pṛśni-parṇī] (rṇī) 3. f. A plant (Hermonities cordifolia).

[Sanskrit to German]

Prishniparni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prishniparni in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pṛśniparṇi (ಪೃಶ್ನಿಪರ್ಣಿ):—[noun] = ಪೃಥಕ್ಪರ್ಣಿ [prithakparni].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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