Ashvakarna, Aśvakarṇa, Ashva-karna: 7 definitions


Ashvakarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvakarṇa can be transliterated into English as Asvakarna or Ashvakarna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvakarna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Aśvakarṇa) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvakarna in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—A place fit for śrāddha offering.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 33.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvakarna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण)—Sanskrit word for a plant “sal tree” (Shorea robusta?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvakarna in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) refers to the “horse’s ear mountain” and represents one of the “eight mountains” (parvata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 125). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aśvakarṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvakarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—

1) a kind of tree (Vatica Robusta; Mar. sāga, rāḷa) Rām.1.24.15; Māl.9.

2) the ear of a horse.

3) a term in surgery for a particular fracture of the bones.

-rṇaḥ Name of a mountain.

Derivable forms: aśvakarṇaḥ (अश्वकर्णः).

Aśvakarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and karṇa (कर्ण). See also (synonyms): aśvakarṇaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—m. (= Pali Assakaṇṇa), n. of one of the 7 mountains surrounding Sumeru (Kirfel, Kosm. 186): Mv ii.300.18; Mvy 4141; Divy 217.6, 7; Dbh 96.4; (with Sumeru eight,) Dharmas 125.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) A timber tree, commonly Sakwa or Sal (Shorea robusta.) E. aśva a. horse, and karṇa an ear, the leaves being compared to the ears of a horse.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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