Ashvakarna, Aśvakarṇa, Ashva-karna: 15 definitions



Ashvakarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvakarṇa can be transliterated into English as Asvakarna or Ashvakarna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (e.g. Aśvakarṇa) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—A place fit for śrāddha offering.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 33.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Terminalia paniculata Roth” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning aśvakarṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण)—Sanskrit word for a plant “sal tree” (Shorea robusta?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) refers to the “horse’s ear mountain” and represents one of the “eight mountains” (parvata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 125). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., aśvakarṇa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण) is the name of an Antaradvīpa, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“The Mlecchas are free from (knowledge of) virtue and vice, and also those born in the Antaradvīpas. The 56 Antaradvīpas are as follows: Half of them are to the east and west of Kṣudrahimavat in the four intermediate directions, beginning with northeast. [...] Beyond them (i.e., after Aśvamukha, Hastimukha, Siṃhamukha, Vyāghramukha), at 700 yojanas in distance, with the same length and width are Aśvakarṇa, Siṃhakarṇa, Hastikarṇa, and Karṇaprāvaraṇa”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvakarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—

1) a kind of tree (Vatica Robusta; Mar. sāga, rāḷa) Rām.1.24.15; Māl.9.

2) the ear of a horse.

3) a term in surgery for a particular fracture of the bones.

-rṇaḥ Name of a mountain.

Derivable forms: aśvakarṇaḥ (अश्वकर्णः).

Aśvakarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and karṇa (कर्ण). See also (synonyms): aśvakarṇaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—m. (= Pali Assakaṇṇa), name of one of the 7 mountains surrounding Sumeru (Kirfel, [Kosmographie der Inder] 186): Mahāvastu ii.300.18; Mahāvyutpatti 4141; Divyāvadāna 217.6, 7; Daśabhūmikasūtra 96.4; (with Sumeru eight,) Dharmasaṃgraha 125.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) A timber tree, commonly Sakwa or Sal (Shorea robusta.) E. aśva a. horse, and karṇa an ear, the leaves being compared to the ears of a horse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—m. a timber tree, Vatica robusta, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 26, 15. Utkarṇa, i. e.

Aśvakarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and karṇa (कर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—1. [masculine] a horse’s ear.

--- OR ---

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण).—2. [adjective] horse-eared; [masculine] [Name] of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण):—[=aśva-karṇa] [from aśva] m. the ear of a horse, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. ‘resembling the ear of a horse’, said of a particular fracture of the bones, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the tree Vatica Robusta (so called from the shape of its leaves), [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण):—[aśva-karṇa] (ṇaḥ) 1. m. The Sal tree.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण):—(a + ka)

1) m. Pferdeohr [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 2, 18.] —

2) m. Name eines Baumes, Vatica robusta W. u. A., so benannt nach der Form seiner Blätter. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 26, 15. 2, 100, 18. 3, 21, 20. 4, 1, 12.31, 13. 5, 95, 8. 6, 30, 20. 21. 36, 54.] [Suśruta 1, 32, 15. 138, 5. 2, 23, 5. 258, 16. 388, 12.] Vgl. sāla . —

3) adj. Bezeichnung einer bes. Art von Knochenbruch [Suśruta 1, 300, 18.] —

4) Nomen proprium eines Berges [BURN. Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 842.] — Vgl. aśvakarṇaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण):—1. m. Pferdeohr.

--- OR ---

Aśvakarṇa (अश्वकर्ण):—2. —

1) Adj. pferdeohrig als Bez. eine best. Art von Knochenbruch.

2) m. — a) Vatica robusta W.u.A. — b) Nomen proprium eines Berges. —

3) *f. ī eine best. Pflanze [Galano's Wörterbuch]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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