Putika, Pūtīka, Pūtika, Puṭikā, Pūtikā, Pūtīkā: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Putika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pūtīkā (पूतीका) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Holoptelia integrifolia Planch.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pūtīkā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pūtikā (पूतिका).—A creeper. This can be used in Yāgas as a substitute for Somalatā. (Śloka 33, Chapter 35, Vana Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Negotiating Rites

Several substitutes may replace soma. Most commonly Pūtīka is used, but Staal lists several other potential replacements, including ephedra and sarcostemma. The śrauta-sūtras even describe a procedure for transforming milk ritually into soma by adding the bark of the parṇa tree (Āpastamba Śrauta Sūtra 1.6.8)

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūtika (पूतिक) refers to “rotten” (e.g., ‘a rotten tree’), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[Question.—Why do Buddhist sūtras begin with the word evam, ‘thus’?]—[...] The Buddha said: ‘If a man has faith, he can enter the ocean of my great doctrine and attain the fruit of the religious life (śrāmaṇyaphala); it is not in vain that he shaves his head and puts on the robes (kāṣāya). If he has no faith, he cannot enter the ocean of my doctrine. Like a rotten tree (pūtika vṛkṣa) that is unable to produce either flowers or fruit, he cannot win the fruit of the religious life. He can shave his head, dye his garments, study all kinds of sūtras and śāstras, he can gain no profit of the Buddhadharma’. This is why the word Evam occurs at the beginning of Buddhist texts: it refers to faith. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pūtika (पूतिक) refers to “foul-smelling (bodies)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Bhagavān taught the Heart-Mantra to Vajrapāṇi]: “Immediately after the Bhagavān had uttered this spell, the destroyer of all Nāgas and all malefactors and calamities, all the great Nāgas got headaches, their bodies became putrid, stinking and foul-smelling (pūtika-kāya). They fell at the feet of the Bhagavān and said, “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful mantrapadas have been uttered. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Putika in India is the name of a plant defined with Elettaria cardamomum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amomum racemosum Lam. (among others).

2) Putika is also identified with Holoptelea integrifolia It has the synonym Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch. (etc.).

3) Putika is also identified with Pongamia pinnata It has the synonym Derris indica (Lam.) Benn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Flore Forestière de la Cochinchine (1899)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Allergy (1991)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1788)
· Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien (1894)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Putika, for example diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pūtika : (adj.) rotten; putrid; stinking.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pūtika, (adj.)=pūti M. I, 449; S. V, 51; A. I, 261; J. I, 164; II, 275; Miln. 252; DhA. I, 321; III, 111; VvA. 76.—apūtika not rotten, fresh M. I, 449; A. I, 261; J. V, 198; Miln. 252. (Page 471)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṭikā (पुटिका).—Cardamoms.

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Pūtika (पूतिक).—a. Stinking, fetid, foul; यस्त्वं श्मशाने मृतकान् पूतिकानत्सि कुत्सितान् (yastvaṃ śmaśāne mṛtakān pūtikānatsi kutsitān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.9.11.

-kam Ordure, excrement.

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Pūtikā (पूतिका).—

1) A kind of herb.

2) A civet-cat; पुलाका इव धान्येषु पूतिका इव पक्षिषु । मशका इव मर्त्येषु येषां धर्मो न कारणम् (pulākā iva dhānyeṣu pūtikā iva pakṣiṣu | maśakā iva martyeṣu yeṣāṃ dharmo na kāraṇam) || Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.98.

3) (also pūtikaḥ) A species of plant serving as a substitute of Soma; पूतिकानिव सोमस्य (pūtikāniva somasya) (pratinidhayaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.35.33 (com. 'somābhāve pūtikānābhiṣuṇuyāt' iti śruteḥ); Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṭikā (पुटिका).—f.

(-kā) Cardamoms. E. puṭamastyasyāḥ ṭhan .

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Pūtika (पूतिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Grey bonduc, (Cæsalpinia bonducella, Rox.) f.

(-kā) 1. A potherb, “puṃiśāka” (Basella lucida &c.) 2. A civet or polecat. Adj. Foul. n.

(-kaṃ) Ordure, excrement. E. pūti a stink, kan aff.

Pūtika can also be spelled as Pūtīka (पूतीक).

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Pūtīka (पूतीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant, (Cæsalpinia bonducella.) 2. The pole-cat or civet-cat. f.

(-kā) A potherb, (Basella rubra, and lucida.) E. pūti a stink or purity, kan added, and the penultimate optionally long.

Pūtīka can also be spelled as Pūtika (पूतिक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūtika (पूतिक).—[pūti + ka], I. adj. Putrid, stinking, Mahābhārata 4, 173. Ii. m. Grey bonduc, Guilandina Bonduc Lin. Iii. f. , A civet or pole-cat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūtika (पूतिक).—[adjective] = [preceding]; [masculine] a cert. herb.

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Pūtīka (पूतीक).—[masculine] a kind of herb (cf. pūtika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṭikā (पुटिका):—[from puṭaka > puṭ] f. a bag or vessel (cf. m.), [Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] a bi-valved shell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] cardamoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Pūtika (पूतिक):—[from pūy] mfn. foul, stinking, putrid, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] m. = pūtīka, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] Guilandina Bonduc, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) Pūtikā (पूतिका):—[from pūtika > pūy] f. Basella Cordifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a white ant ([wrong reading] for puttikā), [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]

9) Pūtika (पूतिक):—[from pūy] n. ordure, excrement, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) Pūtīka (पूतीक):—[from pūy] m. a species of plant serving as a substitute for the Soma plant (often explained by rohiṣa, perhaps Guilandina Bonduc), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] the polecat, civet-cat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. pūtika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṭikā (पुटिका):—(kā) 1. f. Cardamoms.

2) Pūtika (पूतिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Grey bonduc. f. () A potherb; a civet cat.

3) Pūtīka (पूतीक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Grey bonduc; civet cat. f. () A potherb.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Puṭikā (पुटिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Puḍiyā, Pūiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Putika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pūtika (ಪೂತಿಕ):—[adjective] = ಪೂತಿ [puti]1.

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Pūtika (ಪೂತಿಕ):—

1) [noun] the plant Guilandina bonduc.

2) [noun] waste matter discharged from the intestines through the anus; excrement; faeces.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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