Putika, Pūtīka, Pūtika, Puṭikā, Pūtikā, Pūtīkā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Putika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pūtīkā (पूतीका) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Holoptelia integrifolia Planch.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pūtīkā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pūtikā (पूतिका).—A creeper. This can be used in Yāgas as a substitute for Somalatā. (Śloka 33, Chapter 35, Vana Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Negotiating Rites

Several substitutes may replace soma. Most commonly Pūtīka is used, but Staal lists several other potential replacements, including ephedra and sarcostemma. The śrauta-sūtras even describe a procedure for transforming milk ritually into soma by adding the bark of the parṇa tree (Āpastamba Śrauta Sūtra 1.6.8)

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pūtika : (adj.) rotten; putrid; stinking.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pūtika, (adj.)=pūti M. I, 449; S. V, 51; A. I, 261; J. I, 164; II, 275; Miln. 252; DhA. I, 321; III, 111; VvA. 76.—apūtika not rotten, fresh M. I, 449; A. I, 261; J. V, 198; Miln. 252. (Page 471)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṭikā (पुटिका).—Cardamoms.

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Pūtika (पूतिक).—a. Stinking, fetid, foul; यस्त्वं श्मशाने मृतकान् पूतिकानत्सि कुत्सितान् (yastvaṃ śmaśāne mṛtakān pūtikānatsi kutsitān) Mb.13.9.11.

-kam Ordure, excrement.

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Pūtikā (पूतिका).—

1) A kind of herb.

2) A civet-cat; पुलाका इव धान्येषु पूतिका इव पक्षिषु । मशका इव मर्त्येषु येषां धर्मो न कारणम् (pulākā iva dhānyeṣu pūtikā iva pakṣiṣu | maśakā iva martyeṣu yeṣāṃ dharmo na kāraṇam) || Pt.3.98.

3) (also pūtikaḥ) A species of plant serving as a substitute of Soma; पूतिकानिव सोमस्य (pūtikāniva somasya) (pratinidhayaḥ) Mb.3.35.33 (com. 'somābhāve pūtikānābhiṣuṇuyāt' iti śruteḥ); Pt.3.98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṭikā (पुटिका).—f.

(-kā) Cardamoms. E. puṭamastyasyāḥ ṭhan .

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Pūtika (पूतिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Grey bonduc, (Cæsalpinia bonducella, Rox.) f.

(-kā) 1. A potherb, “puṃiśāka” (Basella lucida &c.) 2. A civet or polecat. Adj. Foul. n.

(-kaṃ) Ordure, excrement. E. pūti a stink, kan aff.

Pūtika can also be spelled as Pūtīka (पूतीक).

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Pūtīka (पूतीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant, (Cæsalpinia bonducella.) 2. The pole-cat or civet-cat. f.

(-kā) A potherb, (Basella rubra, and lucida.) E. pūti a stink or purity, kan added, and the penultimate optionally long.

Pūtīka can also be spelled as Pūtika (पूतिक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūtika (पूतिक).—[pūti + ka], I. adj. Putrid, stinking, Mahābhārata 4, 173. Ii. m. Grey bonduc, Guilandina Bonduc Lin. Iii. f. , A civet or pole-cat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūtika (पूतिक).—[adjective] = [preceding]; [masculine] a cert. herb.

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Pūtīka (पूतीक).—[masculine] a kind of herb (cf. pūtika).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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