Sarvatobhadra, aka: Sarvatas-bhadra; 8 Definition(s)
Sarvatobhadra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.
2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Miśraka, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Miśraka group contains nine out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Sarvatobhadra is mentioned in another group (Sāndhāra) from the same list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. This group contains 9 unique temple types.
Sarvatobhadra is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.
Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.
Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Matsyapurāṇa which features a list of 20 temple types. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.
Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—Varuṇa’s home. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 98, Verse 10).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—A pleasure garden of gods.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 14.
1b) Mountain in Krauñcadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a “square enclosing a circle” and represents one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as sarvatobhadra.(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—The most common type of bhadramandala is the sarvatobhadra, believed to be particularly well suited for Vaishnava rites. The word sarvatobhadra means “auspicious from all sides” and very likely refers to the symmetry of the mandala design. The basic units or squares which make up this mandala are known as pada or koshtha.
The constituent parts of the mandala, composed of these squares, include the following shapes:
- a yellow “enclosure” (paridhi);
- “stepwells” (vapi) in white;
- red “offset designes” (bhadra);
- green “creepers” (valli);
- black “chains” (shrinkhala)
- and, in the four corners, white “crescent moons” (khanda-indu).
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) is the name of a Yakṣa mentioned in the Tattvārtha-bhāṣya amongst a list of thirteen. The Tattvārtha-bhāṣya is a commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra, an ancient and foundational Jain text written in the 2nd century by Umāsvāti. It contains philosophy accepted as authoritative by both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara sects of Jainism.
2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a class of yakṣa deities according to Śvetāmbara while the Digambara tradition does not reccognize this class. The yakṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The assigned color of yakṣas is black and their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred tree) is the “banyan tree” (vaṭa).
The deities such as the Sarvatobhadras are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
sarvatōbhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—n m (S Auspicious or good on every side.) A mystical diagram to be painted on the cloth which, on particular occasions, covers a sort of altar. 2 A temple or palace having entrances opposed to the several points of the compass. 3 A form of military array,--the square or circle. 4 A kind of charade in which the same word answers several questions. 4 A whimsical form of verse, so contrived as that the same meanings and words occur whether the line be read backwards or forwards or in any of several other directions.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the car of Viṣṇu.
2) a bamboo.
3) a kind of verse artificially arranged; e. g. see देवाकानिनि कावादे वाहिकास्वस्वकाहि वा । काकारेभभरे काका निस्वभव्यव्यभस्वनि (devākānini kāvāde vāhikāsvasvakāhi vā | kākārebhabhare kākā nisvabhavyavyabhasvani) || Ki.15.25.
4) a temple or palace having openings on four sides; (n. also in this sense).
5) the Nimba tree.
6) a kind of military array.
7) a square mystical diagram (as a sort of altar); व्याघ्रचर्मोत्तरे शुक्ले सर्वतोभद्र आसने (vyāghracarmottare śukle sarvatobhadra āsane) Mb.12.4.13.
-drā a dancing girl, an actress.
Derivable forms: sarvatobhadraḥ (सर्वतोभद्रः).
Sarvatobhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarvatas and bhadra (भद्र).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 12 books and stories containing Sarvatobhadra or Sarvatas-bhadra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 11: The founding of Dvārakā < [Chapter V - Birth of Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, and Ariṣṭanemi]
Part 14: Sixth incarnation as Vajrajaṅgha < [Chapter I]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 28 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (27): Sarvatobhadra rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 39 - The conclusion of the rite of Śivarātri < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 6 - Rules for listening to Śivapurāṇa < [Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)