Sarvatobhadra, Sarvatas-bhadra: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Sarvatobhadra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.

2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Miśraka, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Miśraka group contains nine out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Sarvatobhadra is mentioned in another group (Sāndhāra) from the same list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. This group contains 9 unique temple types.

Sarvatobhadra is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.

Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Matsyapurāṇa which features a list of 20 temple types. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Sarvatobhadra is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—Varuṇa’s home. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 98, Verse 10).

2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) or Sarvatobhadravyūha refers to the “Disposition of an army which is fortified all-round”.—Disposition of an army (vyūha) of four parts, (infantry, cavalry, elephants and chariots) in the battlefield, the arrangement of it, in various forms. It is said that during the period of Mahābhārata, there were various forms of disposition of the army.—Sarvatobhadra-vyūha is mentioned in the Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—A pleasure garden of gods.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 14.

1b) Mountain in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.

1c) A palace or temple with a number of towers, Citraśālā, five bhūmikas; the toraṇa is 30 hastas;1 Catusśālā in the temple or palace.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 269. 34, 48.
  • 2) Ib. 254. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a “square enclosing a circle” and represents one of the layout designs for gardens and orchards mentioned in the Vṛkṣāyurveda: a Sanskrit text by written by Surapāla that deals with agriculture (kṛṣi).—Surapāla’s text mentions 170 species of plants including trees, shrubs and a few herbs, and deals with the laying out gardens and orchards and growing unusual trees. Layouts included designs such as sarvatobhadra.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) or Sarvatobhadrarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 7, enlargement of spleen [plīhodara] and liver [yakṛdudara]). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., sarvatobhadra-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Hinduism glossary
Source: Academia.edu: Bhadramaṇḍalas: Invoking Divinities in Smārta Ritual

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—The most common type of bhadramandala is the sarvatobhadra, believed to be particularly well suited for Vaishnava rites. The word sarvatobhadra means “auspicious from all sides” and very likely refers to the symmetry of the mandala design. The basic units or squares which make up this mandala are known as pada or koshtha.

The constituent parts of the mandala, composed of these squares, include the following shapes:

  1. a yellow “enclosure” (paridhi);
  2. “stepwells” (vapi) in white;
  3. red “offset designes” (bhadra);
  4. green “creepers” (valli);
  5. black “chains” (shrinkhala)
  6. and, in the four corners, white “crescent moons” (khanda-indu).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) is the name of a Yakṣa mentioned in the Tattvārtha-bhāṣya amongst a list of thirteen. The Tattvārtha-bhāṣya is a commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra, an ancient and foundational Jain text written in the 2nd century by Umāsvāti. It contains philosophy accepted as authoritative by both the Digambara and the Śvetāmbara sects of Jainism.

2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) refers to a class of yakṣa deities according to Śvetāmbara while the Digambara tradition does not reccognize this class. The yakṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The assigned color of yakṣas is black and their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred tree) is the “banyan tree” (vaṭa).

The deities such as the Sarvatobhadras are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Sambhavanātha: the third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jina’s symbol of horse, which in India is regarded as auspicious originates from the idea of good chance associated with his name. His Yaksa’s emblem of a mongoose Skt. Sarvatobhadra (lucky on all sides), and the Yakṣiṇī’s name as Duritāri, meaning “vanquisher of enemies” and her symbols of Varada-mudrā, fruit and Abhaya all very clearly bespeak the same idea of auspiciousness or “good chance”.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) is the name of a celestial palace, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] one day, for amusement she [viz., Śrīmatī] ascended the high palace named Sarvatobhadra, like a streak of twilight-clouds on a mountain. Then in a beautiful garden she saw the gods coming to Muni Susthita who had reached omniscience”.

2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) is the name of a vimāna (celestial car), according to chapter 1.2. Accordingly, “[...] The Lord of Āraṇa and Acyuta with gods of three hundred palaces came in great haste in the car Sarvatobhadra”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sarvatobhadra.—(EI 9), a building having doors on all the four sides. Note: sarvatobhadra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarvatōbhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—n m (S Auspicious or good on every side.) A mystical diagram to be painted on the cloth which, on particular occasions, covers a sort of altar. 2 A temple or palace having entrances opposed to the several points of the compass. 3 A form of military array,--the square or circle. 4 A kind of charade in which the same word answers several questions. 4 A whimsical form of verse, so contrived as that the same meanings and words occur whether the line be read backwards or forwards or in any of several other directions.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—

1) the car of Viṣṇu.

2) a bamboo.

3) a kind of verse artificially arranged; e. g. see देवाकानिनि कावादे वाहिकास्वस्वकाहि वा । काकारेभभरे काका निस्वभव्यव्यभस्वनि (devākānini kāvāde vāhikāsvasvakāhi vā | kākārebhabhare kākā nisvabhavyavyabhasvani) || Kirātārjunīya 15.25.

4) a temple or palace having openings on four sides; (n. also in this sense).

5) the Nimba tree.

6) a kind of military array.

7) a square mystical diagram (as a sort of altar); व्याघ्रचर्मोत्तरे शुक्ले सर्वतोभद्र आसने (vyāghracarmottare śukle sarvatobhadra āsane) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.4.13.

-drā a dancing girl, an actress.

Derivable forms: sarvatobhadraḥ (सर्वतोभद्रः).

Sarvatobhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarvatas and bhadra (भद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) or Sarvvatobhadra.—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) Every where auspicious. mn.

(-draḥ-draṃ) A temple or palace of a square form, with an entrance opposed to each point of the compass. m.

(-draḥ) 1. The Nimba-tree, (Melia azidarachta.) 2. The carriage of Vishnu. 3. A bamboo. 4. A form of military array. 5. A square mystical diagram, to be painted on the cloth which on particular occasions covers a sort of altar erected to Vishnu. 6. A kind of charade, in which the same word answers several questions. 7. A whimsical form of verse, so contrived that the sams meanings and words occur, whether the line be read back-wards or forwards, or in several other directions. f.

(-drā) 1. A tree, (Gmelina arborea.) 2. An actress or the wife of an actor or dancer, &c. 3. A sort of yam, (Dioscorea.) E. sarvatas on every side, bhadra auspicious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—I. adj. everywhere auspicious. Ii. m. and n. a temple or palace of a square form, with an entrance opposite to each point of the compass. Iii. m. 1. the carriage of Viṣṇu. 2. a form of military array. 3. a bambu. 4. the Nimb tree. Iv. f. drā. 1. an actress. 2. the name of two plants.

Sarvatobhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarvatas and bhadra (भद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र).—[adjective] quite pleasant or charming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Bp. 301.

2) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—jy. B. 4, 204.

3) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—Bhagavadgītāṭīkā by Rāmakaṇṭha.

4) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—jy. Ulwar 1995. Extr. 593.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—[=sarvato-bhadra] [from sarvato > sarva] mfn. in ev° dir° or on ev° side good, in ev° way auspicious etc., [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcarātra]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a temple of a square form and having an entrance opposite to ev° point of the compass, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] a form of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

4) [v.s. ...] a square mystical diagram (painted on a cloth, and used on [particular] occasions to cover a sort of altar erected to Viṣṇu; but cf. below), [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an artificial stanza in which each half Pāda read backwards is identical with the other half (e.g. [Kirātārjunīya xv, 25; Śiśupāla-vadha xix, 40]; also n., [Kāvyaprakāśa])

6) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of riddle or charade (in which each syllable of a word has a separate meaning?), [Kāvya literature]

7) [v.s. ...] the car, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a forest, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) [v.s. ...] Azadirachta Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a bamboo, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

13) Sarvatobhadrā (सर्वतोभद्रा):—[=sarvato-bhadrā] [from sarvato-bhadra > sarvato > sarva] f. the tree Gmelina Arborea, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

14) [v.s. ...] a sort of Dioscorea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] an actress, [ib.]

16) Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—[=sarvato-bhadra] [from sarvato > sarva] n. a building having continuous galleries around, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

17) [v.s. ...] a mystical diagram of a square shape but enclosing a circle (employed for astrological purposes or on special occasions to foretell good or bad fortune; perhaps identical with the above), [Catalogue(s)]

18) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mode of sitting, [ib.]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of a garden of the gods, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] (m. or n. ?) Name of various works

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvatobhadra (सर्वतोभद्र):—[sarvato-bhadra] (draḥ) 1. m. n. A square temple or palace; a celestial grove. m. Nimb tree; carriage of Vishnu; bambu; form of military array; mystical square; diagram. f. A tree, Gmelina; an actress; yam. a. Everywhere auspicious.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarvatobhadra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvatobhadra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sarvatōbhadra (ಸರ್ವತೋಭದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] that which is auspicious and propitious from all points of view.

2) [noun] Śiva, the most beneficent deity.

3) [noun] the medium to large sized, evergreen tree Azadirachta indica ( = Melia azadirachta) of Meliaceae family; neem tree.

4) [noun] a particulary type of array of army in the battlefield.

5) [noun] (archit.) a type of a building that has four entrances, many spires or turrets, many beautiful dormer windows and five storeys and is twenty six cubits broad.

6) [noun] (archit.) a four-fold image one on each side of a four-faced column.

7) [noun] a village or town having a surrounding road and entrances on four sides.

8) [noun] a square-type canvas on which a picture is painted.

9) [noun] a type of literary compositions in a square having sixty four small squares within, in each of which a single letter is written, and the sense of each row or column remains same when read in any direction (as from left or right or from above or below).

10) [noun] a kind of game played with a ball on a square ground.

11) [noun] (dance.) a variety of dance.

12) [noun] (jain.) a formal worshipping of Jina, the Jaina spiritual teacher, by a king.

13) [noun] (jain.) a vow which runs for one hundred days of which on seventy five days the observant has to refrain from taking food.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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