Tamala, aka: Tamāla; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tamala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Tamala in Shaktism glossaries]

Tamāla (तमाल) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Tamāla) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Tamala in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Tamāla (तमाल) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Cinnamomum tamala (Indian bay leaf) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Acacia nilotica is a synonym of Vachellia nilotica.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as tamāla).”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Tamala in Hinduism glossaries]

Tamāla (तमाल)—Sanskrit word for a plant “gamboge tree” (Garcinia sp.).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

[Tamala in India history glossaries]

Tamala is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Tamala ranges on the Southern Himalaya slopes are mentioned. ITs forests in the Vindhya tract are also mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Tamala), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tamala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

(Source): Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Tamala in Pali glossaries]

tamāla : (m.) the tree Xantrochymus pictorius.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tamāla, (Sk. tamāla) N. of a tree (Xanthochymus pictorius) Pv III, 105 (+uppala). (Page 297)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Tamala in Marathi glossaries]

tamāla (तमाल).—m (S) A tree, Xanthochymus pictorius. Rox.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Tamala in Sanskrit glossaries]

Tamāla (तमाल).—

1) Name of a tree with a very dark bark; तरुणतमालनीलबहलोन्नमदम्बुधराः (taruṇatamālanīlabahalonnamadambudharāḥ) Māl.9.18; R.13.15,49; Gīt.11.

2) A sectarial mark of sandal upon the forehead made with the juice of the Tamāla fruit.

3) A sword, scimitar.

4) The bark of the bamboo.

4) Tobacco.

Derivable forms: tamālaḥ (तमालः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tamalapatra
Tamālapatra (तमालपत्र).—1) a sectarial mark upon the forehead. 2) a Tamāla leaf; R.6.64.Derivab...
Tamalakartika
Tamālakārtika (तमालकार्तिक) is forty-four miles south of Tirunelveli and two miles south of Ara...
Timira
Timira (तिमिर).—n. [tim-kirac] Dark; विन्यस्यन्तीं दृशौ तिमिरे पथि (vinyasyantīṃ dṛśau timire p...
Rama
Rāma (राम) is the son of king Daśaratha who was sent to the forest with his wife Sītā and his y...
Shyama
Śyāma (श्याम) refers to one of the dogs part of the four utsadas of the Avīci hell according to...
Patra
Pātra indicated an officer of the ministerial rank.
Vana
Vaṇa (वण).—Sound, noise.Derivable forms: vaṇaḥ (वणः).--- OR --- Vana (वन).—[van-ac]1) A forest,...
Tama
Tama (तम).—A King who was the son of Śravā of the race of King Gṛtsamada. (Śloka 63, Chapter 30...
Saudamini
1) Saudāminī (सौदामिनी), daughter of Hāhā, is one of the twelve female friends of Mahallikā: da...
Gandhashtaka
Gandhāṣṭaka (गन्धाष्टक).—a mixture of 8 fragrant substances offered to deities, varying in kind...
Tamari
tamāri (तमारि).—m The sun. tamāla m n A tree.
Malayaparvata
Malayaparvata (मलयपर्वत).—&c. the Malaya mountain. Derivable forms: malayaparvataḥ (मलयपर्वतः)....
Tapiccha
Tāpiccha (तापिच्छ).—The Tamāla tree or its flower (-n.); प्रफुल्लतापिच्छनिभैरभीषुभिः (praphulla...
Kurava
Kurava (कुरव).—A species of amaranth; [Barlaria Prionitis Linn] It is a handsome shrub. Kālidās...
Prithudara
Pṛthūdara (पृथूदर) is the name of a Yakṣa and father of Saudāminī, according to the Kathāsarits...

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