Ayana, aka: Āyāna, Āyanā, Ayāna, Āyana; 9 Definition(s)
Ayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Ayana (अयन).—Northward or southward motion of a planet. Note: Ayana is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Ayana (अयन) refers to a time period consisting of three seasons (=6 months) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The divisions of the time are also mentioned as objects of worship. The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac, we are informed, is called a solar month. Two months make a season, three seasons an Ayana and two Ayanas a year.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
1a) Ayana (अयन).—A sādhya.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 203. 11.
1b) Six months constitute an ayana. Distinguished as the southern and northern corresponding to the course of the sun towards the north and south of the equator;1 suitable for śrāddha and dāna.2 According to divine calculation dakṣiṇāyana is the night and the uttarāyaṇa, the day of the Devas;3 the months of tapa, tapasya, madhu, mādhava, śukra and śuci are uttarāyaṇa and the months of nabha, nabhasya, iṣa, ūrja, saha ānd sahasya are dakṣiṇāyana.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 126; 22. 10; 28. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 14; 23. 106, etc.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 2; 82. 25; 83. 7; 98. 2; 101. 38; 124. 92; 184. 72.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 10; II. 8. 31, 36.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 81.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Smārta tradition (paurāṇika) holds that the year is divided into two periods (ayana) according to the northern and southern procession of the Sun, which respectively form the day and the night of the gods (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa 43.3–44; Kṛtyatattvārṇava, p. 5). The southern ayana (dakṣiṇāyana) is the period between the summer solstice and the winter solstice. As Āśvina falls in the dakṣiṇāyana, the ‘awakening’ of Durgā in this month is regarded as “untimely”(akāle-bodhanam), since it forms the time of Durgā’s sleep. Hence the eastern āśvinanavarātra includes as an opening rite the rousing of Durgā from her slumber, the Bodhana (Awakening).Source: Academia.edu: The Rite of Durgā in Medieval Bengal
Languages of India and abroad
ayana : (nt.) path.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Ayana, (nt.) (Vedic ayana, fr. i) (a) “going＂, road.—(b) going to, goal S. V, 167 (ekāyano maggo leading to one goal, a direct way), 185 (id.); DA. I, 313; Dāvs. IV, 40. ‹-› See also eka°. (Page 75)
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Āyanā, (f.) (？) at DhsA. 259 and Vism. 26 is a grammarian’s construction, abstracted from f. abstr. words ending in °āyanā, e.g. kaṅkhā › kaṅkhāyanā, of which the correct expln. is a derivation fr. caus. -formation kaṅkhāyati › kaṅkhāy + a + nā. What the idea of Bdhgh. was in propounding his expln. is hard to say, perhaps he related it to i and understood it to be the same as āyāna. (Page 105)
— or —
Āyāna, (nt.) (fr. ā + yā to go) coming, arrival: see āyanā. (Page 106)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
ayana (अयन).—m (Or aīna or aina) A tree, Pentaptera tomentosa. Grah.
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ayana (अयन).—n S The sun's journey (north or south); solar northing or southing. See uttarāyana & dakṣiṇā- yana. 2 A half-year, the period of the sun's approach to the tropic of Cancer, or that of his recession to the tropic of Capricorn. Ex. kōṭhēṃ varṣa kōṭhēṃ a0. 3 In comp. Going, coming, progress. 4 A road or a way.
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ayanā (अयना).—m ( P) A looking-glass or mirror. 2 pl Spectacles.
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āyanā (आयना).—m ( P) A mirror or looking glass.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ayana (अयन).—n The sun's journey (North or South.). A half-year. Solstice.
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ayanā (अयना).—m A mirror, a looking-glass. pl spectacles.
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āyanā (आयना).—m A looking–glass, mirror.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ayana (अयन).—a. [ay-lyuṭ] Going (at the end of comp.); यथेमा नद्यः स्यन्दमानाः समुद्रायणाः (yathemā nadyaḥ syandamānāḥ samudrāyaṇāḥ) Praśn. Up.
1) Going, moving, walking; as in रामायणम् (rāmāyaṇam).
2) A walk, path, way, road; आयन्नापोऽयनमिच्छमानाः (āyannāpo'yanamicchamānāḥ) Rv.3.33.7. अगस्त्य- चिह्नादयनात् (agastya- cihnādayanāt) R.16.44.
3) A place, site, abode, place of resort; Bṛ. Up.2.4.11. ता यदस्यायनं पूर्वम् (tā yadasyāyanaṃ pūrvam) Ms. 1.1 (occurring in the derivation of the word nārāyaṇa).
4) A way of entrance, an entrance (to an array of troops or vyūha); अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमव- स्थिताः (ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgamava- sthitāḥ) Bg.1.11.
5) Rotation, circulation period; अङ्गिरसां अयनम् (aṅgirasāṃ ayanam); इष्टि°, पशु° (iṣṭi°, paśu°).
6) A particular period in the year for the performance of particular sacrificial or other religious works; Name of certain sacrificial performances; as गवामयनम् (gavāmayanam).
7) The sun's passage, north and south of the equator.
8) (Hence) The period of this passage, half year, the time from one solstice to another; see उत्तरायण (uttarāyaṇa) and दक्षिणायन (dakṣiṇāyana); cf. also सायन (sāyana) and निरयण (nirayaṇa).
9) the equinoctial and solstitial points; दक्षिणम् अयनम् (dakṣiṇam ayanam) winter solstice; उत्तरम् अयनम् (uttaram ayanam) summer solstice;
1) Method, manner, way.
11) A Śāstra, scripture or inspired writing.
12) Final emancipation; नान्यः पन्था विद्यतेऽयनाय (nānyaḥ panthā vidyate'yanāya) Śvet. Up.
13) A commentary; treatise.
14) The deities presiding over the ayanas.
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1) Not going or moving, stopping, halt.
2) Natural disposition, nature.
Derivable forms: ayānam (अयानम्).
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Āyana (आयन).—Ved. Coming, approaching.
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Āyana (आयन).—a. Belonging to the solistice (as in uttarāyaṇa, dakṣiṇāyana).
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1) Coming, arrival; अस्मिन्ना वामायाने वाजिनीवसू (asminnā vāmāyāne vājinīvasū) Rv.8.22.18.
2) Natural temperament, disposition, nature.
3) An ornament of the horse; Hch.7.
Derivable forms: āyānam (आयानम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Nārāyaṇa is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (130...
Uttara-ayaṇa.—(IA 17; SII 1), the winter solstice; the period during which the sun gradually mo...
Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of...
Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—Summer solstice is known as Dakṣiṇāyana or Karkaṭa-Saṃkrānti. The word...
Parāyaṇa (परायण).—See under पर (para) (para-ayana).--- OR --- Pārāyaṇa (पारायण).—1) going acros...
Udagayana (उदगयन).—(or uttarāyaṇa) Sun's northward journey from winter solstice to summer solst...
Ekāyana (एकायन).—a. 1) passable for only one (as a foot-path) Mb.3. 2) fixing one's thoughts on...
Ayanāṃśa (अयनांश).—Arc of the ecliptic intercepted between the vernal equinox and the zero poin...
Ayanavṛtta (अयनवृत्त).—the ecliptic.Derivable forms: ayanavṛttam (अयनवृत्तम्).Ayanavṛtta is a S...
Pretāyana (प्रेतायन).—Name of a particular hell. Derivable forms: pretāyanaḥ (प्रेतायनः).Pretāy...
Ayanakalā (अयनकला).—The correction (in minutes) for ecliptic deviation. Sūryasiddhānta. Derivab...
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Ūrdhvāyana (ऊर्ध्वायन).—a. going upwards. -nam motion above. Ūrdhvāyana is a Sanskrit compound ...
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Search found 25 books and stories containing Ayana, Āyāna, Āyanā, Ayāna or Āyana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vedānta-sūtras Part II (by George Thibaut)
III, 3, 40 < [Third Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
III, 4, 34 < [Third Adhyāya, Fourth Pāda]
III, 3, 41 < [Third Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 6 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.64 < [Section XXXVII - Measures of Time]
Verse 1.67 < [Section XXXIX - ‘Day’ and ‘Night’ of the ‘Gods’]
Verse 1.10 < [Section VI - Meaning of the term ‘Nārāyaṇa’]
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)