Kampilya, Kāmpilya, Kāmpilyā: 17 definitions
Kampilya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) is the name of an ancient city according to the “story of the golden city”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 25. Accordingly, the hermit Sūryatapas in a forest of the Vindhya mountain range gave Śaktideva instructions after listening to his story: “three yojanas from here there is a country named Kāmpilya, and in it is a mountain named Uttara, and on it there is a hermitage. There dwells my noble elder brother named Dīrghatapas; go to him, he being old may perhaps know of that city”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kāmpilya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) or Kāmpilyanagara is the name of an ancient city, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17:—“[...] in the city of Kāmpilya there was a sacrificer named Yajñadatta. Born of Somayāji family he was an adept in the performance of sacrifice”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य).—An ancient town in South Pāñcāla. It was the capital city of King Drupada. Śikhaṇḍī had come to this city after his marriage. Once the King Daśārṇa came near this place and sent a Brāhmaṇa messenger to Kāmpilya. In olden days, a King named Brahmadatta used to rule over this city. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva). See under the word 'Brahmadatta'.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य).—A son of Bhramyāśva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 32.
1b) A fifth son of Bheda.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 196.
1c) A son of Haryaśva.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 59.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Kampilya (कम्पिल्य) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell.-Arg.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kampilya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Kampilya (कम्पिल्य): Capital of the Panchala Kingdom ruled by Drupada.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) (corresponding to modern Kāmpil in Furrukhabad) is the birth-place of Vimalanātha: the thirteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—His father’s name is Kṛtavarman and mother’s name is Suramyā. His birth occurred in Kāmpilya (Kāmpil in Furrukhabad), the Southern capital of the Pāñcāla.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Kāmpīlya (काम्पील्य) is the birth-place of Vimala, the thirteenth Tīrthaṅkara, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] In Kāmpīlya, the Jina Vimala, son of Kṛtavarman and Śyāmā, living for sixty lacs of years, sixty bows tall, gold-color, will be in the vow fifteen lacs of years, and the interval between his mokṣa and Vāsupūjya’s will be thirty sāgaras”.
According to chapter 4.3 [vimalanātha-caritra]:—“[...] in Jambūdvīpa there is a city Kāmpīlya, the ornament of Bharatakṣetra, like a piece of heaven that has fallen. Its shrines present the appearance at night of houses with shower-baths from the water dripping from moon-stone puppets. Golden pinnacles shine on the top floors of its houses, like golden lotuses always attached to the abode of Śrī. The row of various mansions and palaces shone like a picture of Vidhātṛ (Brahmā) creating the city of the Gods”.
2) Kāmpīlya (काम्पील्य) is the name of a city associated with Pañcāla, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Pañcāla), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Kāmpīlya) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Shiva Purana (history)
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य).—The country known to Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā (xxiii, 18) and Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (xiii. 2.8.3) can be identified with the city of Kāmpīla in the Furrukhabad district, Uttara Pradeśa. It was the Southern Capital of Pāñcāladeśa in ancient India. Dr. Awasthi (Studies in Skanda Purana P. 85) however, places it in the Ānarta Deśa, a region of the Western India.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) (modern Kampil) is the alleged ancient capitals of Dakṣiṇapañcāla (Northern Pancala), one of the two districts of Kuru: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—According to the Mahābhārata, Northern Pañcāla had its capital at Ahicchatra or Chatravatī (identical with modern Ramnagar in the Bareillay district) while southern (Dakṣiṇa) Pañcāla had its capital at Kāmpilya, identical with modern Kampil in the Farokhabad district, U.P.Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) is the name of an ancient locality associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-lyaḥ) 1. A perfume, commonly Sunda Rochani. 2. A country: see the preceding; also kāmpilla, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य).—i. e. kāmpila (the name of a country) + ya, I. adj., f. yā, Belonging to Kāmpila, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 25, 53; with pura or purī, or without a subst., ntr. Its capital, Mahābhārata 1, 5512; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 34, 46;
1) Kampilya (कम्पिल्य):—[from kamp] m. Name of a pigment (produced from the plant Rottleria Tinctoria), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य):—[from kāmpila] m. Name of a country, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] of one of the five sons of Hary-aśva or Bharmyāśva (called collectively Pañcālas), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] of a plant (probably a Crinum cf. kampila and kāmpīla), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a perfume (commonly Sunda Rocanī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] f (A)n. Name of a city of the Pañcālas, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य):—(lyaḥ) 1. m. A perfume.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य):—[Śāntanācārya’s Phiṭsūtrāṇi 3, 16.]
1) Nomen proprium einer Stadt der Pāṃcāla: kāmpilyaṃ ca purottamam [Mahābhārata 1, 5512. 12, 5137.] [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 52, 14. 59, 14.] purīṃ kāmpilyām [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 34, 46.] kāmpilyaviṣaya [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 23.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 452. 454,] [Nalopākhyāna 49.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 602. II, 604, Nalopākhyāna 7.] prāgdaśārṇātpratyakkāmpilyāt [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 54, 9.] Nach [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] ist das m. Nomen proprium einer Gegend. —
2) m. Nomen proprium eines der 5 Söhne von Haryaśva oder Bharmyāśva, welche den Collectiv - Namen Pañcāla führen, [Viṣṇupurāṇa 454.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 32.] —
3) m. Name einer Pflanze (vgl. kampila und kāmpīla) [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 12.] [Śabdakalpadruma]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kampilya (कम्पिल्य):—, ka ([Carakasaṃhitā 6,7]), kampilla , kampillaka , kampilvaka (! [Carakasaṃhitā 7,23]) und kampīla n. [Rājan 13,120.] Nach [Materia medica of the Hindus 232] der Farbstoff , welchen die Rottleria tinctoria liefert.
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1) n. f. ( ā) Nomen proprium einer Stadt der Pañcāla. —
2) m. — a) Nomen proprium — α) *eines Landes. — β) eines Sohnes des Haryaśva oder Bharmyāca. — b) *eine best. Pflanze , wohl ein Crinum.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+13): Kampilla, Kampila, Kampilyaka, Samara, Gundarocanika, Kampillaka, Kampilyanagara, Riksha, Pancala, Kampilavasin, Kampilapura, Makandi, Soma sharman, Ahicchatra, Kampillanagara, Dirghatapas, Angarakta, Kritavarman, Suramya, Bhudhara.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Kampilya, Kāmpilya, Kāmpilyā; (plurals include: Kampilyas, Kāmpilyas, Kāmpilyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
History of Indian Medicine (and Ayurveda) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 15 - Kampilya as a Centre of Learning < [Part 4 - Some Aspects of Life in Caraka’s Times]
Chapter 4 - The Story of Atreya < [Part 1 - The History of Medicine in India]
Chapter 9 - The Students Life and Discipline < [Part 2-3 - Medical Institutions in Ancient India]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Part 4: Life of Brahmadatta < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 22 - The Curse of the Birds < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
Chapter 20 - Account of Brahmadatta and the Strange Bird < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
Chapter 23 - The Curse of the Birds (continued) < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 42 - Power of the Pitṛs < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 41 - The attainment of the seven hunters < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 17 - The Story of Guṇanidhi < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)