Paka, aka: Pāka; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Paka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pāka (पाक):—Another name for Haṃsapāda, which is a variety of Hiṅgūla (‘cinnabar’), a medicinal and alchemical drug, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Ayurveda (science of life)

The term, “inflammation” (pāka) should be used with caution, because the concept of inflammation in Āyurveda is similar, but not the same as the preliminary concept of local acute inflammation in historical Western medicine. For example, the main four signs of inflammation (redness, swelling, heat and pain). In Āyurveda, inflammation (pāka) is regarded as one of the actions of pitta.

(Source): eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purana

Pāka (पाक).—A mighty asura. Once this asura gathered a big army and went to fight against Indra. A grim battle which lasted for several days took place in which the asura army was destroyed and Pāka killed. Indra got thenceforth the name Pākaśāsana. (Chapter 70, Vāyu Purāṇa).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Pāka (पाक).—An Asura; resisted Indra and Mātali in Devāsura war and was slain.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 2. 4; VIII. 11. 19, 22 and 28.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

pāka : (adj.) cooking; that which is cooked; ripening.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāka, (Vedic pāka, see pacati) that which is cooked, cooking, quantity cooked J. VI, 161 (tīhi pākehi pacitvā); VvA. 186. Esp. in foll. combn tela° “oil cooking, ” an oil decoction Vin. II, 105; thāli° a th. full of cooking J. I, 186; doṇa° a d. full S. I, 81; DhA. II, 8; sosāna° Dhātumañjūsā 132 (under kaṭh). On pāka in appld meaning of “effect, result” see Cpd. 883.—As nt. in stanza “pākaṃ pākassa paccayo; apākaṃ avipākassa” at VbhA. 175.—Cp. vi°.

—tela an oil concoction or mixture, used for rubbing the body; usually given with its price worth 100 or 1, 000 pieces, e.g. sata° J. II, 397; V, 376; VvA. 68= DhA. III, 311; sahassa° J. III, 372.—vaṭṭa subsistence, livelihood, maintenance Mhvs 35, 120; DhA. II, 29; VvA. 220.—haṃsa a species of water bird J. V, 356; VI, 539; SnA 277. (Page 449)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

pāka (पाक).—m (S) Dressing, cooking, preparing by fire: also ripening (as of fruits in straw). 2 Maturity, state of ripeness or readiness natural or artificial. 3 Concoction in the stomach, digestion. 4 Suppuration. 5 Decoction or the product of it, a decoction (as of medicinal herbs). 6 Sugar boiled in preparation for conserves or sweetmeats, syrup. 7 Dressed food, victuals, viands. 8 fig. Elaborateness, ornateness, exquisitely wrought state (as of a poem). Ex. kālidāsācyā kāvyācā pākaca nirāḷā. Also well concocted or concerted state (of a counsel or scheme).

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pāka (पाक).—a ( P) Pure, clean, free from defilement. Ex. lāvalī rākha āṇi jhālī pāka. 2 fig. Pure of heart; free from malice or guile.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāka (पाक).—m Dressing, cooking. Maturity. Digestion. Suppuration. Decoction (as of medicinal herbs). Sugar boiled in preparation for conserves or sweet-meats, syrup. Dressed food, victuals. Fig. Elaborateness, exquisitely wrought state (as of a poem).

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pāka (पाक).—a Pure, clean. Free from malice or guile.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāka (पाक).—a.

1) Small.

2) Praiseworthy.

3) Of perfected or matured intellect.

4) Ved. Very young.

5) Simple, genuine.

6) Honest, sincere.

7) Ignorant.

-kaḥ [pac-ghañ

1) Cooking, dressing, baking, boiling.

2) Burning, (as bricks), baking; पुनः पाकेन मृन्मयम् (punaḥ pākena mṛnmayam) (śuddhyati) Ms. 5.122; Y.1.187; एक एवायमर्थः पाको नाम । तस्यार्थान्तरे वैरूप्यं भवति । अन्यथालक्षण ओदनस्य पाकः अन्यथालक्षणो गुडस्य (eka evāyamarthaḥ pāko nāma | tasyārthāntare vairūpyaṃ bhavati | anyathālakṣaṇa odanasya pākaḥ anyathālakṣaṇo guḍasya) | ŚB. on Ms.7.2.2.

3) Digestion (as of food); रूपं चक्षुस्तथा पाकस्त्रिविधं तेज उच्यते (rūpaṃ cakṣustathā pākastrividhaṃ teja ucyate) Mb.12.194.1.

4) Ripeness; ओषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः (oṣadhyaḥ phalapākāntāḥ) Ms.1.46; फलमभिमुखपाकं राज- जम्बूद्रुमस्य (phalamabhimukhapākaṃ rāja- jambūdrumasya) V.4.27; Māl.9.31.

5) Maturity, full or perfect development; धी°, मति° (dhī°, mati°)

6) Completion, accomplishment, fulfilment; युयोज पाकाभिमुखैर्भृत्यान् विज्ञापनाफलैः (yuyoja pākābhimukhairbhṛtyān vijñāpanāphalaiḥ) R.17.4.

7) Result, consequence, fruit, fruition (fig. also); आशीर्भिरेधयामासुः पुरः पाकाभिरम्बिकाम् (āśīrbhiredhayāmāsuḥ puraḥ pākābhirambikām) Ku.6.9; पाकाभिमुखस्य दैवस्य (pākābhimukhasya daivasya) U.7.4; Mv.4.14.

8) Development of the consequences of acts done.

9) Grain, corn, नीवारपाकादि (nīvārapākādi) R.5.9. (d>pacyate iti pākaḥ dhānyam).

1) Ripeness; suppuration (as of a boil).

11) Greyness of hair caused by old age.

12) A domestic fire.

13) An owl.

14) A child, young one.

15) Name of a demon killed by Indra.

16) An abscess, ulcer.

17) A vessel, cookingutensil.

18) General fear and panic such as causes a revolution or some national calamity.

19) The subversion of a country.

2) Inflammation, suppuration.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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Shuktapaka
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Shvapaka
Svāpaka (स्वापक).—a. Soporiferous, soporific.--- OR --- Śvapāka (श्वपाक).—an outcast, a Chāṇḍāl...
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Daśāpāka (दशापाक).—1) the fulfilment of fate; शुभं दशापाकम् (śubhaṃ daśāpākam) Bṛ. S.95.61. 2) ...

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