Paka, Pāka: 23 definitions



Paka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paak.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pāka (पाक):—Another name for Haṃsapāda, which is a variety of Hiṅgūla (‘cinnabar’), a medicinal and alchemical drug, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: A Case of Contact with Spider Venom

The term, “inflammation” (pāka) should be used with caution, because the concept of inflammation in Āyurveda is similar, but not the same as the preliminary concept of local acute inflammation in historical Western medicine. For example, the main four signs of inflammation (redness, swelling, heat and pain). In Āyurveda, inflammation (pāka) is regarded as one of the actions of pitta.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Pāka (पाक):—1. Digestion; transformation of substances with the help of agni i. e. digestive & metabolic enzymes. 2. Suppuration 3. Ripening 4. Cooking

2) [pākaḥ] Suppuration

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāka (पाक).—A mighty asura. Once this asura gathered a big army and went to fight against Indra. A grim battle which lasted for several days took place in which the asura army was destroyed and Pāka killed. Indra got thenceforth the name Pākaśāsana. (Chapter 70, Vāyu Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāka (पाक).—An Asura; resisted Indra and Mātali in Devāsura war and was slain.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 2. 4; VIII. 11. 19, 22 and 28.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Pāka (पाक, “ripening”).—Annaṃbhaṭṭa says that pāka means conjunction with fire or heat. By this conjunction, colour etc. are changed and new colour etc. are produced. This change of colour, taste, Smell, and touch through the conjunction of fire is found in earth alone. Colour etc. do not change in water etc. even if it is heated in a hundred ways. Nyāyavodhinī defines pāka as found thus: “vijātīyatejaḥ saṃyogaḥ”. This means conjunction of external heat which brings about a change of colour etc. It is of different kinds according to the effects. Sometimes only clour is changed as in the case of baked jar. In some cases colour, smell and taste are changed as in an artificially ripened mango.

There is a sharp distinction between the Naiyāyikas and the Vaiśeṣikas regarding the process of change of colour etc. The Vaiśeṣikas are called pīlupākavādins, while the Naiyāyikas are piṭharapākavādins. The Vaiśeṣikas are so called because they maintain that change of colour etc. through the action of fire takes place only in atoms. [...] The Naiyāyikas on the other hand holds that changed through the action of fire can take place even in aggregates like dyad etc.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pāka (पाक) refers to “digestion”, according to Śitikaṇṭha’s Mahānayaprakāśa.—If (consciousness) abides in the Point (bindu) one can drink the nectar of the Moon located above. It is the light of the Abode of the Moon. Achieve repose by the unfolding of the microcosm (aṇḍa-vikāsa). This is the unique and special (quality) of the light of the Abode of the Sun. The digestion (of multiplicity) is the power of the gastric fire of the navel because, even though (this) Fire pervades the entire body, the Violent digestion (haṭha-pāka) of diversity takes place in the belly.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Meaning of haṭha in Early Haṭhayoga

Pāka (पाक) refers to “combustion”.—In contrasting tranquility (śānti) with haṭhapāka, the commentator, Jayaratha, describes tranquility as a “process of pleasant combustion” (madhura-pāka-krama). When the Guru has been propitiated, the “tranquil” methods of initiation (dīkṣāsādhana) and devotion to a religious practice (anuṣṭhāniṣṭhatā) will bring about transcendence (atyaya) at the time of death. However, haṭhapāka is a sudden and violent process that burns up all things (bhāva) in the fire of intelligence. It destroys duality and is likened by Abhinavagupta to the enjoyment (rasa) of devouring enough (alaṅgrāsa). The commentator notes that haṭhapāka is a forceful action (balātkāreṇa) that transgresses the normal order (kramavyatikramarūpa) and, as noted earlier, this connotation of haṭha is implicit in Haṭhayoga’s effect of raising the downward-moving breath (apāna) and the normally dormant Kuṇḍalinī.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāka : (adj.) cooking; that which is cooked; ripening.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāka, (Vedic pāka, see pacati) that which is cooked, cooking, quantity cooked J. VI, 161 (tīhi pākehi pacitvā); VvA. 186. Esp. in foll. combination tela° “oil cooking, ” an oil decoction Vin. II, 105; thāli° a th. full of cooking J. I, 186; doṇa° a d. full S. I, 81; DhA. II, 8; sosāna° Dhātumañjūsā 132 (under kaṭh). On pāka in applied meaning of “effect, result” see Cpd. 883.—As nt. in stanza “pākaṃ pākassa paccayo; apākaṃ avipākassa” at VbhA. 175.—Cp. vi°.

—tela an oil concoction or mixture, used for rubbing the body; usually given with its price worth 100 or 1, 000 pieces, e.g. sata° J. II, 397; V, 376; VvA. 68= DhA. III, 311; sahassa° J. III, 372.—vaṭṭa subsistence, livelihood, maintenance Mhvs 35, 120; DhA. II, 29; VvA. 220.—haṃsa a species of water bird J. V, 356; VI, 539; SnA 277. (Page 449)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāka (पाक).—m (S) Dressing, cooking, preparing by fire: also ripening (as of fruits in straw). 2 Maturity, state of ripeness or readiness natural or artificial. 3 Concoction in the stomach, digestion. 4 Suppuration. 5 Decoction or the product of it, a decoction (as of medicinal herbs). 6 Sugar boiled in preparation for conserves or sweetmeats, syrup. 7 Dressed food, victuals, viands. 8 fig. Elaborateness, ornateness, exquisitely wrought state (as of a poem). Ex. kālidāsācyā kāvyācā pākaca nirāḷā. Also well concocted or concerted state (of a counsel or scheme).

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pāka (पाक).—a ( P) Pure, clean, free from defilement. Ex. lāvalī rākha āṇi jhālī pāka. 2 fig. Pure of heart; free from malice or guile.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāka (पाक).—m Dressing, cooking. Maturity. Digestion. Suppuration. Decoction (as of medicinal herbs). Sugar boiled in preparation for conserves or sweet-meats, syrup. Dressed food, victuals. Fig. Elaborateness, exquisitely wrought state (as of a poem).

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pāka (पाक).—a Pure, clean. Free from malice or guile.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāka (पाक).—a.

1) Small.

2) Praiseworthy.

3) Of perfected or matured intellect.

4) Ved. Very young.

5) Simple, genuine.

6) Honest, sincere.

7) Ignorant.

-kaḥ [pac-ghañ

1) Cooking, dressing, baking, boiling.

2) Burning, (as bricks), baking; पुनः पाकेन मृन्मयम् (punaḥ pākena mṛnmayam) (śuddhyati) Ms. 5.122; Y.1.187; एक एवायमर्थः पाको नाम । तस्यार्थान्तरे वैरूप्यं भवति । अन्यथालक्षण ओदनस्य पाकः अन्यथालक्षणो गुडस्य (eka evāyamarthaḥ pāko nāma | tasyārthāntare vairūpyaṃ bhavati | anyathālakṣaṇa odanasya pākaḥ anyathālakṣaṇo guḍasya) | ŚB. on Ms.7.2.2.

3) Digestion (as of food); रूपं चक्षुस्तथा पाकस्त्रिविधं तेज उच्यते (rūpaṃ cakṣustathā pākastrividhaṃ teja ucyate) Mb.12.194.1.

4) Ripeness; ओषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः (oṣadhyaḥ phalapākāntāḥ) Ms.1.46; फलमभिमुखपाकं राज- जम्बूद्रुमस्य (phalamabhimukhapākaṃ rāja- jambūdrumasya) V.4.27; Māl.9.31.

5) Maturity, full or perfect development; धी°, मति° (dhī°, mati°)

6) Completion, accomplishment, fulfilment; युयोज पाकाभिमुखैर्भृत्यान् विज्ञापनाफलैः (yuyoja pākābhimukhairbhṛtyān vijñāpanāphalaiḥ) R.17.4.

7) Result, consequence, fruit, fruition (fig. also); आशीर्भिरेधयामासुः पुरः पाकाभिरम्बिकाम् (āśīrbhiredhayāmāsuḥ puraḥ pākābhirambikām) Ku.6.9; पाकाभिमुखस्य दैवस्य (pākābhimukhasya daivasya) U.7.4; Mv.4.14.

8) Development of the consequences of acts done.

9) Grain, corn, नीवारपाकादि (nīvārapākādi) R.5.9. (d>pacyate iti pākaḥ dhānyam).

1) Ripeness; suppuration (as of a boil).

11) Greyness of hair caused by old age.

12) A domestic fire.

13) An owl.

14) A child, young one.

15) Name of a demon killed by Indra.

16) An abscess, ulcer.

17) A vessel, cookingutensil.

18) General fear and panic such as causes a revolution or some national calamity.

19) The subversion of a country.

2) Inflammation, suppuration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāka (पाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Maturity, natural or artificial, as the state of being cooked or ripened. 2. Cooking, baking, boiling, dressing food. 3. A vessel in which any thing is dressed, a saucepan, a boiler, &c. 4. Digestion, assimilation of food. 5. Suppuration, ripeness of a boil. 6. Greyness of the hair. 7. General panic, or the subversion of a country. 8. Fear. 9. An owl. 10. The name of a demon. 11. Completion. 12. The consequence of an act done. 13. Domestic fire. 14. Grain, corn. 15. Fruit, fruition. mf.

(-kaḥ-kā) The young of animals. E. pac to be or become ripe, aff. bhāve-ghañ; or to nourish, Unadi aff. kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāka (पाक).—i. e. pac + a, m. 1. Cooking, baking, Mahābhārata 3, 15551. 2. Food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 104. 3. Burning (as pots, bricks), 5, 122. 4. Digestion. 5. Ripening, maturing, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 90. 6. The appearance of the consequences, e. g. of an action, [Pañcatantra] 129, 13. 7. Fulfilling, accomplishment. 8. Inflammation. 9. The name of a demon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāka (पाक).—1. [adjective] very young, simple, ignorant, stupid, artless, honest. —[masculine] the young of animals, [Name] of a Daitya.

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Pāka (पाक).—2. [masculine] (adj. —° [feminine] ī) cooking, baking (tr. & [intransitive]), burning (bricks), cooking in the stomach, i.e. digestion; ripening, maturity, development ([especially] of consequences), perfection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāka (पाक):—1. pāka mfn. (either [from] √1. pā+ka, ‘drinking, sucking’, or [from] √2. pac, ‘ripening, growing’) very young, [Gṛhya-sūtra]

2) simple, ignorant, inartificial, honest, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) m. the young of an animal (See uluka-, kapata-)

4) a child, infant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a Daitya slain by Indra, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

6) 2. pāka m. (√2. pac; ifc. f(ī). ) cooking, baking, roasting, boiling (trans. and intrans.), [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) burning (of bricks, earthenware etc.), [ib.]

8) any cooked or dressed food, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) digestion, assimilation of food, [Suśruta]

10) ripening, ripeness (of fruit or of a boil), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]

11) inflammation, suppuration, [Suśruta]

12) an abscess, ulcer, [ib.]

13) ripening of the hair id est. greyness, old age, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) maturity, full development (as of the mind etc.), completion, perfection, excellence, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

15) development of consequences, result ([especially] of an act done in a former life), [Varāha-mihira; Pañcatantra; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

16) any act having consequences, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

17) the domestic fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) a cooking utensil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) general panic or revolution in a country, [Horace H. Wilson] (in [compound] 2. pāka is not always separable from 1. pāka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāka (पाक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Maturity; cooking; digestion; a saucepan; suppuration; greyness. panic; an owl; demon. (kaḥ-kā) Young animals.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāka (पाक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pāga, Pāya, Vāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pāka (पाक) [Also spelled paak]:—(a) holy, sacred; pure; clean; (nm) Pakistan; cooking; maturation; -[kalā] the art of cooking; -[kriyā] cooking; ~[dāmana] see [pākadāmana; ~dila] clean-hearted, pure and simple; ~[nīyata] genuine, earnest, honest; ~[vidyā/śāstra] cookery, the science of cooking; ~[śālā] a kitchen; —[saṃbaṃdhī] culinary; -[sāpha] clean; pure; upright; with no selfish motive; —[karanā, jhagaḍā] to put a stop to a quarrel; to complete an arduous work/a difficult task.

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